Yin and Yang is a general idea of balance similar to night and day, good and evil. This literature review analyzes the homeostasis of social balance as it relates to education, gender, race, sexuality and an individual’s routine activities daily.
Overall, the review purpose remains to assert the idea that humans require mental and physical balance in every aspect, not to exclude social balance as a measure to obtain overall homeostasis.
An understanding of the need for social satisfaction and social equilibrium has been used to draw conclusions and/or make determinations about how social behavior can be debilitative to humans and how society promotes and/or inhibits unbalanced social behaviors.
Literature reviewed suggest that education geared toward improving social equilibrium via therapy struggles to manage and/or succeed in improving of an individual’s thought of social satisfaction (Ali & Lees, 2013; Bullock, 2004). Ali and Lees assert that education of individuals through therapy requires the educator/therapist to act as more of an advocate rather than an educator.
Ali & Lees suggest that merely trying to enhance individual understanding about the social world around them does not result in personal social satisfaction/social equilibrium.
Ali & Lees found that individuals require a more solution-based-advocacy type of therapy which goes beyond the mere facet of education. They assert that individual social satisfaction/social equilibrium is dependent on the individual’s ability to obtain assistance with finding solutions to satisfy or provide the individual’s basic needs.
In relation, Bullock determined that therapist as educators collectively do not feel that providing therapeutic understanding of the world is an adequate practice in developing individual social satisfaction/social equilibrium.
Gender & Race
Research of issues associated with gender can influence and/or agitate ones feelings of social satisfaction/social equilibrium (Dunlap & Golub; Santos-Salas, A. 2013).
Dunlap and Golub suggest that popular images and perceptions about particular gender and gender roles can influence an individual’s perception of social satisfaction/social equilibrium. They assert that certain images impressed upon society, particularly those of African-American women, have the ability to define and distort society’s perception thereof.
They suggest that negative images, of African-American women particularly, literally construct unhealthy bias and promote prejudice. Naturally, the construction and bias of persons, such as African-American women, inhibits them from developing a feeling of social satisfaction as they are often prejudged and socially defined in a negative way.
Santos-Salas also assert that information is often substituted and manipulated to promote the acceptance of certain groups of people and malign the perception of others.
Santos-Salas recall ideologies of Paulo Freire that assert the idea of marginalization of persons based on race and social status. Such promotion has the propensity to discourage ones confidence in their social capital and cause one to feel unsatisfied with their society; One may not reach a feeling of social equilibrium as a direct result.
Research in the arena of sexuality suggest that persons who identify themselves as being gay may experience discrimination (Aguinaldo, J.P. 2008); As a direct result such individuals may not feel social satisfaction or feel that they have reached social equilibrium.
Aguinaldo asserts that discrimination of gay men is such a problem that it has begun to affect their health. Moreover, Aguinaldo says that society labels homosexuality as a dis-ease and promotes an anti-gay lifestyle.
The promotion of anti-gay lifestyle interferes with an individual’s ability to feel satisfied with the society they live and attempt to thrive in. Aguinaldo associates overall compromised health of gay men due to societies seemingly unacceptance of gay men and their homosexual lifestyle.
Research suggest that the activities one engages in on a daily basis can promote or distort one’s perception and/or ability to feel satisfied with their social life.
Working and employment is common of most humans so it has become more common for individuals to not feel that they are at social equilibrium when they are not socially satisfied in their area of employment.
Research suggest that feelings of powerlessness in one’s daily activities, such as working/employment can cause individuals to feel pressure upon their perception of social satisfaction; May cause individuals to feel oppressed. (Dubrowsky, 2013. Thevnot, L. 2011).
Dubrowsky touches on nurses employed in the medical field and analyzes their voice of social dissatisfaction within their daily working routine. Dubrowsky references Iris Young’s Five Faces of Oppression Applied to Nursing as a reflection of the individual who feels they are not at social equilibrium when they do not obtain social satisfaction in the area of employment.
Thevnot, L. 2011 asserts that the environment, in which an individual acts in, has the ability to facilitate that individuals thought and perception of their level of social satisfaction. Thevnot asserts that individuals must engage primarily in activities that supports their social needs.
Thevnot suggests that an imbalance of power, where an individual has a significant amount of less power than another within a social arena can directly result in that individual feeling a lack of satisfaction socially.
Law is implemented throughout lands of human population that has the propensity to disturb social satisfaction in and of individuals when those laws are maligned against a group simply because of their dependency/welfare reception status, criminal history and lower level income.
Windsor, L.; Dunlap, E. & Armour, M. 2012 in, Surviving Oppression Under the Rock, assert that individuals may seek to add pressure against certain groups of persons and actually obtain legal support to sustain that pressures. Debilitative vices such as racial profiling, welfare-queen and Hispanic drug-dealer stigma’s are relative to this ideology.
Yun, S. (2013) Journal of Social Work 13(6)
Ali, A. & Lees, K.E. (2013) Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69(2), 162-171
Dubrosky, R. (2013) Nursing Forum 48(3), 205-210
Windsor, L.; Dunlap, E. & Golub, A. (2011) Journal of African American Studies, 15(3), 290-306
Thevenot, L. (2011) Irish Journal of Sociology, 19(1), 35-67
Aguinaldo, J.P. (2008) Critical Public Health, 18(1), 87-96
Armour, M. (2012) Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse 11(4), 339-361
Santos-Salas, A. (2013) Nursing Philosophy, 14(3), 168-177
Freire, P. Pedagogy of the Oppressed