Meteorological events that happened on October 9th:
A general snowstorm occurred from Philadelphia to Boston. According to Judge Samuel Sewall's diary, "the snow is three to four inches deep...a sad face of winter."
A hurricane moved from the Bahamas, made landfall in SC on the 7th, then recurved
to the northeast, passing over the Delmarva Peninsula and extreme southern NJ, and into Nova Scotia. The storm, dubbed the “Snow Hurricane”, did great structural damage, and was considered the severest blow on record at the time. At Philadelphia, strong winds submerged a newly arrived ship. Farther up the river the violence of the wind on the same morning upset the ferry at Trenton, NJ. Up to 2 feet of snow fell in the Green Mountains of Vermont.
Snow fell in Philadelphia PA, the earliest occurrence of snow in the city's history.
New York City received its heaviest rainfall with 9.40 inches at Battery Park and 11.17 inches at Central Park in 24 hours. The 11.17 inches of rain at Central Park set the New York state 24-hour rainfall record. Severe flooding occurred in the Passaic Valley of New Jersey where more than 15 inches of rain was reported.
A typhoon, known to the U.S. military as "Louise", passed over Okinawa with winds of 92mph. The storm made a sudden shift in its path and caught many ships and small craft in the constricted waters of Buckner Bay (Nakagusuku Wan). In addition to the winds, 30-35 foot waves battered the vessels caught in the bay and smash into the huts and buildings ashore. A total of 12 ships and craft were sunk, 222 grounded, and 32 severely damaged. On shore, approximately 80% of all housing and buildings were severely damaged or destroyed.
Needles, CA recorded a trace of rain, the only time precipitation was recorded on this date.
Tropical Storm Hazel quickly crossed central Florida from Charlotte Harbor to Vero Beach with winds of 60 to 70 mph. The peak gust of 80 mph was reported by the Corp of Engineers in a squall in Okeechobee. 64 mph winds were reported at Patrick AFB. Hazel spawned a tornado at landfall in Lee County that destroyed several houses on Pine Island, near Ft. Myers. 3 to 5 inches of rain added to previous flooding problems and the upper St. Johns River reached the highest flood stage ever known, exceeding by 1.5 feet from the previous record and covered six miles of Highway between Melbourne and Kissimmee.
Famed Weather Bureau Hurricane Forecaster Grady Norton died of a stroke while at home in Miami just after working a 12-hour day plotting the course of Hurricane Hazel. Norton ignored warnings of his medical condition in order to provide warnings about the Hurricane, which would go onto blast the North Carolina coast on the 15th. Norton is widely recognized as the original director of the National Hurricane Center even though that position would not be created during his lifetime. Norton established an extraordinary reputation as an expert forecaster who had a tremendous ability to communicate with coastal residents.
On this day through the 11th, a 48-hour deluge of 6.72 inches flooded the Chicago River, causing $10 million dollars damage in the Chicago area in Illinois.
The Weather Bureau is officially renamed the National Weather Service.
Heavy rains and hail pounded extreme eastern South Dakota during the late evening hours. 3.79 inches of rain fell in a 2 hour period at the Sioux Falls airport setting a new rainfall intensity record for a two hour period in Sioux Falls. The 4.54 inches that fell that day is the second highest amount on record for a 24 hour period.
The thunderstorms then raced into western Minnesota and northwest Iowa. Strong thunderstorm winds downed trees, power lines and several farm buildings. Two small tornadoes also developed across northwest Iowa, neither tornado did much damage.
A ridge of high pressure was responsible for record heat across parts of southern California. Record highs included: Long Beach: 100°, Santa Ana: 99°, Downtown Los Angeles, CA: 98°, Los Angeles (LAX), CA: 97°, Laguna Beach, CA: 94° and San Diego, CA: 92°.
Nashville, TN set two records in opposite directions. On Monday, October 6th, the morning low temperature was 31°, a record cold for so early in the season. Then, on this date, the high was 91°, a record high for so late in the season.
The temperature at San Juan, PR rose to 98° to establish the all-time record high for that location.
A record breaking snowstorm for so early in the season paralyzed the Black Hills of South Dakota with 3 to 6 feet of heavy, wet snow and winds of 40 to 70 mph. 36 inches fell at Lead and 41 inches piled up at Galena. The higher elevations of the Black Hills received 5 to 6 feet of snow. Further south, 6.9 inches of snow fell at Cheyenne, WY.
Many cities in the southeastern U.S. and the Mid-Atlantic Coast Region reported record low temperatures for the date. The record low of 47° at Jacksonville, FL marked their 4th of the month. Other daily records included: Asheville, NC: 29°, Knoxville, TN: 30°, Charleston, WV: 31°-Tied, Pittsburgh, PA: 31°-Tied, Oak Ridge, TN: 32°, Harrisburg, PA: 32°-Tied, Columbia, SC: 33°, Baltimore, MD: 33°, Greensboro, NC: 33°-Tied, Chattanooga, TN: 34°, Macon, GA: 35°, Jackson, KY: 36°, Greenville-Spartanburg, SC: 36°, Montgomery, AL: 38°, Tallahassee, FL: 40°, Columbus, GA: 40° and Orlando, FL: 60°-Tied.
A second surge of cold air brought light snow to the Northern Plains, particularly the Black Hills of South Dakota.
Many cities in the northeastern U.S. reported record low temperatures for the date, including Trenton, NJ: 28°, Hartford, CT: 28°, Atlantic City, NJ: 30°, Allentown, PA: 30°, Syracuse, NY: 30°, Bridgeport, CT: 31°, Islip, NY: 32°, Sterling (Dulles Airport), VA: 33°, Wilmington, DE: 33°, Wallops Island, VA: 33°, Newark, NJ: 35°, Philadelphia, PA: 35°-Tied, New York (Kennedy Airport), NY: 37°, New York (Central Park), NY: 37°-Tied, Tallahassee, FL: 38°, Norfolk, VA: 39° and New York (LaGuardia Airport), NY: 40°-Tied. Snow continued in northern New England through the morning hours. Mt. Washington, NH reported 5 inches of snow.
Warm weather continued in the western U.S. Downtown Los Angeles, CA reported a record high of 102°. Other record highs included: Santa Ana, CA: 102°, Long Beach, CA: 102°, Redding, CA: 98° and Los Angeles (LAX), CA: 97°.
Unseasonably cold weather continued in the Upper Midwest. Many cities across the Ohio Valley reported record low temperatures for the date, including Marquette, MI: 20°, Grand Rapids, MI: 23°, Lansing, MI: 23°, Muskegon, MI: 24°, Flint, MI: 25°, Toledo, OH: 25°, Green Bay, WI: 26°, Fort Wayne, IN: 26°, South Bend, IN: 27°, Detroit, MI: 28°, Columbus, OH: 29°, Mansfield, OH: 29°-Tied, Indianapolis, IN: 30°-Tied, Jackson, KY: 31°, Akron, OH: 31°-Tied, Chicago, IL: 32°-Tied and Greenville-Spartanburg, SC: 35°.
Unseasonably warm weather continued in the western U.S. as the San Francisco Giants won the National League pennant. San Jose, CA reported a record high of 91°.
Tropical Depression Tina became extratropical in the central Pacific. Tina, once a 150 mph hurricane, was around for 22 days with 89 advisories issued, a new record for the longest lasting tropical system in the central and eastern Pacific up to that time. Hurricane John broke this record in September, 1994.
The coldest early season air mass in over 50 years continued to bring record low temperatures for the date including: St Cloud, MN: 16°, Lincoln, NE: 18°, Waterloo, IA: 19°, Sioux City, IA: 20°, Goodland, KS: 23°, Norfolk, NE: 23°-Tied, Dodge City, KS: 24°, Springfield, MO: 24°, Topeka, KS: 25°, Dubuque, IA: 25°, Omaha, NE: 25°, Springfield, IL: 25°, Wichita, KS: 26°, Moline, IL: 26°, Avoca, PA: 26°, Scranton, PA: 26°, Kansas City, MO: 27°, Oklahoma City, OK: 28°, Tulsa, OK: 28°, Albany, NY: 28°-Tied, Hartford, CT: 28°-Tied, Evansville, IN: 29°, Huntsville, AL: 29°, Allentown, PA: 29°, Binghamton, NY: 29°-Tied, Chicago, IL: 30°, St. Louis, MO: 30°, Fort Smith, AR: 30°, Paducah, KY: 30°, Indianapolis, IN: 30°-Tied, Lynchburg, VA: 30°-Tied, Wichita Falls, TX: 31°, Lexington, KY: 31°, Louisville, KY: 31°, Charlotte, NC: 31°, Tupelo, MS: 31°-Tied, Akron, OH: 31°-Tied, Nashville, TN: 32°, Athens, CA: 32°, Raleigh, NC: 33°, Greensboro, NC: 33°-Tied, Erie, PA: 34°, Birmingham, AL: 34°, Augusta, GA: 34°, Atlanta, GA: 36°, El Paso, TX: 37°-Tied, Meridian, MS: 37°-Tied, Memphis, TN: 37°-Tied, Charleston, SC: 39°, Abilene, TX:: 39°-Tied, Savannah, GA: 40°, Columbus, GA: 40°-Tied, Mobile, AL: 42°, Gainesville, FL: 42°, Brownsville, TX: 44°, Corpus Christi, TX: 44°, Pensacola, FL: 45°, Jacksonville, FL: 46°, Galveston, TX: 49°, Orlando, FL: 53°, Tampa, FL: 53°, Daytona Beach, FL: 55° and Fort Myers, FL: 57°.
An unusually strong fall outbreak of tornadoes spawned at least 23 twisters across parts of Nebraska and Oklahoma. Hardest hit was the town of Cordell, OK, but a 22 minute lead time led to an amazingly low casualty count: only 9 injuries and no fatalities.
Severe thunderstorms rolled across Bikoro in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Lightning struck a school, killing 11 people and injuring 73 others.
Typhoon Ma-on made landfall along the east coast of Japan with maximum sustained winds near 105 mph. This was the strongest typhoon to strike this part of Japan and the greater Tokyo area in 10 years. It was the 9th typhoon to affect Japan this season, the most since modern records started in 1951.
A major winter storm brought heavy wet snowfall to the Front Range Mountains and the Eastern Foothills in Colorado, portions of the Denver Metro area and the Palmer Divide. Snow accumulations ranged from 8 to 26 inches with drifts 3 to 4 feet high reported in places. The heaviest snow occurred to the east and southeast of Denver closing major highways, including I-70 from Denver to Limon. The storm caused significant damage to trees, as most had not shed their leaves. Snowfall totals included: 22 inches near Hawkins, 19 inches near Bennett, 17 inches southeast of Aurora, 16 inches in the foothills near Boulder, 14 inches near Parker, 13 inches near Castle Rock, 12 inches in Centennial, 11 inches at Parker, 10 inches at Littleton and 10 inches at the airport in Denver. While most areas in metro Denver received heavy snow, others experienced almost all rain. This included areas west and northwest of Denver, Boulder and Longmont. Amounts ranged from 1.5 to 2.5 inches. The steady rains triggered rockslides in the foothill canyons.
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