Meteorological events that happened on October 13th:
A great hurricane tracked across Cuba, Florida, Georgia, the Carolinas, Virginia and Pennsylvania. The hurricane inflicted major damage along its entire path, which was similar to the path of Hurricane Hazel 108 years later. Flooding resulted in Baltimore, MD, and Washington, D.C. It was the most destructive storm in 30 years at Philadelphia, PA. Southeast winds backed up the waters of the Delaware River to flood all the wharves. The lowlands along the Delaware near New Castle, DE, were overflowed in the greatest storm surge in 70 years, probably a reference to the September hurricane of 1775.
New York City recorded its earliest 32° reading with a half inch of snow. Snow fell from Virginia to New England with 3.5 inches reported at Fall River, MA.
A hurricane moved inland at the North Carolina/South Carolina border then moved north through central PA and western NY. The storm maintained its hurricane strength from the Carolinas to New York, where it weakened to tropical storm status. Philadelphia, PA recorded a 1-minute wind speed of 55 mph with a measured gust to 75 mph.
For a second straight day record heat persisted out west courtesy of a strong ridge of high pressure. Record high temperatures for the date included: Riverside, CA: 107°, Escondido, CA: 105°, Santa Ana, CA: 104°, Downtown Los Angeles, CA: 104°, Santa Maria, CA: 103°, Long Beach, CA: 102°, Phoenix, AZ: 101°, Los Angeles (LAX), CA: 97°, Las Vegas, NV: 95°, Sacramento, CA: 93°, Goodland, KS: 91°, Idyllwild, CA: 89°, Palomar Mountain, CA: 89°, Winslow, AZ: 86°, Elko, NV: 84°, Winnemucca, NV: 83°-Tied, Burns, OR: 82°, Ely, NV: 80° and Flagstaff, AZ: 79°.
Large hail nearly covered the ground across a large part of central Jackson County, in southwest Oklahoma. Hail up to the size of baseballs, with some chunks shaped like saucers, destroyed the roofs of most businesses and homes in Olustee. Large hail also pounded the Stillwater area the same evening. Hail up to 4 inches in diameter caused damage in and around the city, including damage to roofs, windows, and copper trim at Oklahoma State University.
Record warmth occurred with highs in the 80s and lower 90s from the upper Midwest, Great Lakes to the Southeast. The 87° at Grand Rapids was a record for the date and the highest temperature for so late in the season. Record highs included: Lincoln, NE: 92°, Omaha, NE: 92°, Sioux City, IA: 92°, Topeka, KS: 91°, Grand Island, NE: 91°-Tied, Norfolk, NE: 90°, Concordia, KS: 90°, Waterloo, IA: 90°, Madison, WI: 90°, Moline, IL: 90°, Columbus, GA: 89°, Des Moines, IA: 88°, Milwaukee, WI: 88°, Chicago, IL: 88°, Springfield, IL: 88°, Paducah, KY: 88°, Louisville, KY: 88°-Tied, La Crosse, WI: 86°, Indianapolis, IN: 86°, South Bend, IN: 86°, Dayton, OH: 86°-Tied, Dubuque, IA: 85°, Rochester, MN: 85°, Rockford, IL: 85°, Fort Wayne, IN: 84°-Tied, Toledo, OH: 83°-Tied and Green Bay, WI: 82°.
Widespread snow fell across the Netherlands. This was the earliest in the autumn that snow was observed there in the 20th century.
Denver, CO experienced a wet, early-season snow. Up to 6 inches fell in the Foothills. Extensive power outages resulted as tree limbs broke under the weight of the snow.
Severe weather broke out ahead of a strong cold front across parts of the Mid-Atlantic. Two perhaps three tornadoes hit the Falls Church, VA, causing $1 million dollars in damage.
Four tornadoes struck southeastern Virginia late at night with the passage of a strong cold front causing $3 million dollars damage.
A few locations in the central states reported record low temperatures for the date including: Valentine, NE: 12°, North Platte, NE: 13°, Grand Island, NE: 24°-Tied, Goodland, KS: 26°-Tied, Amarillo, TX: 27°, Dodge City, KS: 29° and Galveston, TX: 55°.
Another surge of arctic air entered the north central U.S. bringing snow to parts of Wyoming and Colorado while many cities in the eastern U.S. reported record low temperatures for the date including: Concord, NH: 22°-Tied, Toledo, OH: 25°, Elkins, WV: 26°-Tied, Paducah, KY: 28°, Evansville, IN: 30°, Bristol, TN: 30°, Roanoke, VA: 30°, Sterling (Dulles Airport), VA: 30°, Harrisburg, PA: 32°, Jackson, KY: 34°, Islip, NY: 34°, Birmingham, AL: 35°, Waco, TX: 41°, New York (Kennedy Airport), NY: 41° and New York (LaGuardia Airport), NY: 43°.
Canadian high pressure and an upper level trough brought record low temperatures to many areas from the upper Midwest to the east coast and Florida including: Marquette, MI: 18°, Elkins, WV: 18°, Madison, WI: 20°, Green Bay, WI: 22°, Rockford, IL: 22°, Toledo, OH: 23°, Indianapolis, IN: 24°, Chicago, IL: 25°, Evansville, IN: 25°, Cincinnati, OH: 25°, Lexington, KY: 26°, Pittsburgh, PA: 26°, Fort Wayne, IN: 26°-Tied, Paducah, KY: 27°, Knoxville, TN: 27°, Huntington, WV: 27°, Dayton, OH: 27°-Tied, Columbus, OH: 28°, Bristol, TN: 28°, Charleston, WV: 28°, Oak Ridge, TN: 29°, Greenville-Spartanburg, SC: 29°, Lynchburg, VA: 29°, Roanoke, VA: 29°, Atlantic City, NJ: 29°, Jackson, KY: 30°, Sterling (Dulles Airport), VA: 30°-Tied, Binghamton, NY: 30°-Tied, Milton, MA: 30°-Tied, Raleigh, NC: 31°, Harrisburg, PA: 31°, Louisville, KY: 31°-Tied, Chattanooga, TN: 32°, Philadelphia, PA: 32°, Baltimore, MD: 32°-Tied, Richmond, VA: 32°-Tied, Birmingham, AL: 34°, Columbia, SC: 34°, Wallops Island, VA: 34°, Atlanta, GA: 35°, Wilmington, NC: 37°, Tallahassee, FL: 38°, Montgomery, AL: 39°, Macon, GA: 39°, New York (LaGuardia Airport), NY: 39°, New York (Kennedy Airport), NY: 40°, Norfolk, VA: 42°-Tied, Gainesville, FL: 47° and Vero Beach, FL: 59°-Tied.
Most of the country was under the influence of a zonal flow with the jet stream positioned along the north central U.S. Many cities reported record high temperatures for the date as readings warmed into the 80s and low 90s from the Southern and Central Plains to the Southern and Mid-Atlantic Coast. Record highs included: Phoenix, AZ: 101°-Tied, Tucson, AZ: 97°-Tied, North Platte, NE: 91°, Evansville, IN: 91°, Tampa, FL: 91°-Tied, Lake Charles, LA: 90°-Tied, Miami, FL: 90°-Tied, Paducah, KY: 89°, Scottsbluff, NE: 86°-Tied, Sterling (Dulles Airport), VA: 84° and Wallops Island, VA: 80°.
The combined remnants of Tropical Storms Klaus and Marco dumped extremely heavy rainfall over New England. More than 6 inches of rain fell in parts of Connecticut.
A slow moving low pressure area dumped excessive rains over coastal Georgia. Hunter was drenched with 14.26 inches in 24 hours while Savannah checked in with 8.80 inches.
Late in the afternoon and evening, thunderstorms with torrential rainfall occurred across the western Chicago suburbs. The heaviest rainfall occurred across DuPage, northern Will, and northwest Cook Counties, where 4 to 5 inches of rain fell. 2 to 3 feet of standing water was on the streets of downtown Wheaton, widespread flooding occurred in Plainfield and Bolingbrook, and some areas were flooded for days.
On the 12th and 13th in a historic lake effect snow left 22.6 inches of snow at Buffalo, NY. With trees in full leaf much damage occurred; estimates of $200 million dollars damage. Thunder occurred for approximately 12 hours with the storm, and 400,000 customers without power some for two weeks.
Out west, a thunderstorm dropped 0.51 of an inch of rain in five minutes and 1.81 inches in 30 minutes at San Bernardino, CA. 18 homes & businesses and two vehicles were damaged by the flooding. Some big sinkholes were left behind along with mud and debris.
Las Vegas recorded 0.23 inches of rain. This is the only time measurable rainfall has been recorded on this date.
A powerful, unexpected snowstorm hit the Niagara Peninsula on Friday the 13th burying local communities under 12 to 20 inches of wet snow. Officials in Fort Erie and Port Colborne declared states of emergency, and the storm forced the closure of the Peace Bridge crossing to the United States. Under the weight of the heavy snow and strong winds up to 55 mph tree branches snapped onto power lines cutting service to more than 155,000 customers. In some places, it took up to five days to restore power.
On this date through the 14th, thunderstorms pounded Eastern Spain with heavy rains that trigger widespread flooding. Valencia recorded 4 inches of rainfall in one hour while nearby locations reported over 8 inches.
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