Meteorological events that happened on February 9th:
The greatest snowstorm of the hard winter season occurred producing 3 feet near Hartford, CT.
President Grant signed the measure which created a federal weather agency. It was later assigned to the U.S. Army Signal Corps known today as the National Weather Service. Observations began on 11/1/1870.
Fort Wayne, IN had a low of -19° and a high of just -7°. Angola, IN fell to -20°. This air mass was entrenched over much of the United States east of the Rockies for several days. On the 12th, Fort Worth, TX dropped to 8° and Charleston, SC received 4 inches of snow. Ice flows blocked the Mississippi River at New Orleans, LA, which has happened only one other time: February 13, 1784.
The temperature dropped to -63° at Norway House, Manitoba Canada setting the province's low temperature record.
The temperature at Moran, WY, located next to Teton National Park, plunged to -63° to establish a state record. The temperature at the Riverside Ranger Station in Montana dipped to -66°; establishing a record for the state and a record for the nation which stood until Rogers Pass dropped to -70° on 1/20/1954.
It was the coldest recent morning in the Northeast with readings of -14° at New York City and -17° at Boston, MA. State records were set when the thermometer at Stillwater Reservoir, NY dropped to -52° and the temperature at Vanderbilt, MI fell to -51°.
The mercury soared to 102° in Rio Grande City, Texas. Just two days later, there was 10 inches of snow at Port Arthur.
Atlantic City, NJ was hit by its 2nd major snowstorm in 3 days as they received 14 inches.
A major winter storm pounded the Northeast. Bedford, MA recorded 25 inches of snow, 20 inches fell at New York City, NY and Portland, ME recorded 22 inches. Drifts would pile up to 20 feet in places. Known as the "Lindsay Storm" because of the political fallout that resulted for New York Mayor John Lindsay who ran into political misfortune after sections of New York City remained unplowed for a week after the storm. 800 cars were stranded on New York's Tappan-Zee Bridge. Damages totaled over $10 million dollars.
Late in the morning a strong, but dry, cold front began crossing Victoria, Australia, preceded by hot, gusty northerly winds. Loose topsoil was quickly picked up by the wind and moved east with the front. It was estimated that approximately 1000 tons of sand were dumped on the city.
A storm off the Atlantic coast produced high winds and heavy snow in the northeastern U.S., with blizzard conditions in eastern Massachusetts. Winds gusted to 80 mph and 23.4 inches of snow produced drifts 8 feet high at Cape Cod and Chatham, MA. It was the worst blizzard since 1960 for the Cape Cod area. Much of Nantucket Island was without power. Winds in some of the mountains and ridges of the Appalachian Region gusted to 100 mph.
Arctic cold invaded the north central U.S. Alliance, NE plunged from 44° to 12° in just 2 hours, and Mobridge, SD reported a wind chill of -64°. Winds along the eastern slopes of the Rockies gusted to 90 mph at Cheyenne, WY, and reached 96 mph at Boulder, CO.
A winter storm continued to bring rain and snow to southern California. Snowfall totals ranged up to 18 inches at Olancha, with 3 inches at Palmdale.
Thunderstorms developing ahead of a cold front developed over eastern Texas late in the morning, and produced severe weather as they swept across the southeastern states. Early evening thunderstorms spawned a tornado which injured one person at Nat, TX, and produced tennis balls size hail which caused more than half a million dollars damage around Shreveport, LA.
Perth, Australia's wettest day on record occurred as 4.75 inches drenched the city.
A devastating ice storm struck Mississippi, Louisiana and extreme northwest Alabama. Freezing rain began falling over north Mississippi during the early morning hours and continued until midday on the 10th. Ice accumulated 3 to 6 inches thick on exposed objects in the affected area. Due to the weight of the ice, power lines, trees and tree limbs were downed. Nearly one million people were without power after the storm, some for a month.
A long duration overrunning snowstorm combined with ocean effect snow resulted in big snowfall accumulations across east-coastal Massachusetts. Boston checked in with a two day total of 18.7 inches for its greatest single storm snowfall since the great blizzard of 1978. 27.7 inches was recorded at Manchester-by-the-Sea and 24 inches fell at South Weymouth. Farther to the southwest, a foot of snow blanketed Newark, New Jersey.
Buffalo, NY broke their record of consecutive days with precipitation with a total of 55 days from December 18th, 1993 to February 10th. On 54 of 55 days it snowed with a total during the period of 75.3 inches.
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