Meteorological events that happened on August 22nd:
British Admiral Sir Hovenden Walker's assault on Quebec was thwarted by dense river fog and high winds on the St. Lawrence River. Collisions in the fog wrecked 8 of 15 warships and drowned 884 men.
Salem, MA had a cold night, with "some frost so as to kill corn leaves", according to the Lt. John Preston diary.
The growing season for corn was cut short as damaging frosts were reported from North Carolina to interior New England.
A tornado ripped through Tybee Island, GA destroying a wing of the U.S. Army barracks.
A tornado ripped through Middlesex County in Massachusetts. The tornado swept through Waltham, Belmont, West Cambridge, Arlington, and Medford. Six people died along with extensive damage.
A tornado tore through Woodland, WI. Although it leveled every building in the town, fortunately there were no deaths.
On this date, four hurricanes roamed the Atlantic Basin: one off Nova Scotia; the second between the Bahamas and Bermuda; the third northeast of the Lesser Antilles, and the newest off the Cape Verde Islands. Over a century would pass, 1998 before four hurricanes would again rage together in the Atlantic.
The temperature at Anchorage AK reached 82°, a record for August which was later tied on 8/2/1978.
The Hampton Roads area of Virginia was hit on the night of the 22nd-23rd by its worst hurricane in history. Norfolk saw an 8 foot storm surge pushed through the streets of the city. Winds reached nearly 100 mph. 18 people were killed.
A violent thunderstorm at St. Paul, Alberta Canada produced hailstones a half inch in diameter and 6 inches deep on roads.
Newfoundland, Canada recorded its hottest day on record when the temperature peaked at 98° at Botwood. It was also the hottest day on record in St. John, New Brunswick and Halifax, Nova Scotia as temperatures reached 94°.
Major flash flooding occurred in Kentucky as up to 3 inches of rain fell in a very short period. Heavy damage included flooded homes and washed out bridges and roads.
Wichita Falls, TX reached 108° to establish a record for the date. 56 of the previous 59 days in Wichita Falls had reached a high temperature of 100 degrees or hotter.
New Orleans LA hit 102° to establish their all-time record high temperature.
Intense thunderstorms moved from near Shadehill Reservoir in northwest South Dakota late in the evening on the 21st, to northern Brown County after sunrise on this date. These thunderstorms produced strong winds, large hail, heavy rainfall and lightning. Considerable crop and property damage was caused mainly by the strong winds and hail. Winds gusts ranged from 55 mph at Mobridge to 60 mph in and around Akaska. Winds of 70 mph were reported at Onaka and Faulkton. The strongest wind gust was reported in Hoven with a peak gust of 72 mph. Widespread damage was reported throughout the area. Many mobile homes, storage sheds, silos, and roofs were damaged or destroyed. Nine miles south and four miles west of Keldron, over two inches in diameter hail fell for 40 minutes, breaking windows and piling in ditches to a depth of four feet. These intense thunderstorms also produced brief heavy rainfall ranging from three quarters of an inch to over four inches.
A cold front lowered temperatures 20 to 40 degrees across the north central U.S., and produced severe thunderstorms in Ohio and Lower Michigan. An early morning thunderstorm near Sydney, MI produced high winds which spun a car 180 degrees.
Afternoon highs of 104° at Medford OR and 88° at Astoria OR were records for the date. This brought the number of daily record high temperatures across the nation since the first of June above the 2,000 mark.
A large complex of thunderstorms moved into northwest Iowa. Most of the damage that occurred was due to high winds although golf ball size hail fell in Marcus in Cherokee County and one inch hail battered Jefferson in Greene County. Many counties across northwest Iowa reported winds in excess of 60 mph. One farmstead was severely damaged near LeMars by strong winds. Also, one tornado touched down in the Fort Dodge area and did considerable damage to trees and roof damage to homes. Fortunately, no deaths or injuries happened as a result of these storms.
Evening thunderstorms in the central U.S. produced golf ball size hail at May City, IA, and wind gusts to 66 mph at Balltown, IA. Lightning struck a barn in Fayette County Iowa killing 750 hogs.
Evening thunderstorms in Montana produced wind gusts to 70 mph at Havre.
Thunderstorms dropped heavy rains in Virginia with Nassawadox recording 12 inches in just 2 hours. Numerous road washouts occurred including several on U.S. 13, a major route to the Tidewater area.
Hurricane Andrew developed a well-defined eye. Residents of Florida were alerted. The storm was 650 miles east of Miami, moving west at 14 with top winds of 95 mph.
Hurricane John, about 390 miles south of Hilo, HI had winds of 170 mph and pressure at 920 millibars or 27.17 inHg, making it the strongest hurricane ever in the Central Pacific. It was the third category 5 storm in this area in a month, unprecedented since records began.
Tropical Storm Charley was the second of 7 named tropical systems to strike the U.S. in 1998. But the most interesting event of Charley's arrival on the mainland would occur the next day, when 17.03 inches of rain fell in Del Rio, TX. This amount is nearly equal to the average rainfall for an entire year. It would establish their all-time record rainfall. The Del Rio area had received less than three inches of rain during the previous 8 1/2 months. 20 people died in flash flooding.
Hurricane Bret made landfall on South Padre Island on the Texas coast with maximum sustained winds of 140 mph and a central pressure of 946 millibars or 27.94 inHg. Fortunately, the Category 4 Hurricane made landfall over the most sparsely populated area on the Texas coast, about 70 miles south of Corpus Christi. Very heavy rainfall amounts up to 28 inches occurred in parts of Kennedy County.
Billy Wagner, the Emergency Manager for Monroe County, FL, which includes the Florida Keys, had a dilemma on his hands. He had a strengthening Tropical Storm Debbie north of Puerto Rico. Wagner knew that it would take 36 hours to evacuate the Keys. Wagner consulted with the National Hurricane Center and decided to issue an evacuation the next morning. He faced the wrath of tourism officials when the storm weakened inexplicably.
Super Typhoon Billis devastated Taiwan claiming 11 lives, injuring at least 80 others, and trapping 18 in mudslides.
Thunderstorms produced very heavy rainfall across far northern Illinois during the early morning hours. Significant flooding of roads, creeks and basements were reported across several counties in northern Illinois. Chicago reported 3.75 inches of rain in six hours. Many roads were closed due to flooding and the metropolitan water reclamation district of greater Chicago opened the locks at Wilmette Harbor and at the Chicago River releasing 850 million gallons of storm and sewage water into Lake Michigan. Several beaches were closed as a result.
The Dubuque airport in Iowa reported 8.96 inches of rain setting their 24 hour rainfall record.
Cheyenne, WY topped out at 92°, making it the 32nd 90 degree day this year, a record for the location.
The Okanagan Mountain fire reached its destructive peak, destroying 250 homes in British Columbia Canada. Nearly 40,000 residents were evacuated or on alert. The Okanagan Mountain Park Fire was estimated to be 17,000 hectares and continued to grow.
Severe thunderstorms produced large hail and strong winds over parts of eastern Wyoming and the Nebraska panhandle. A wind gust to 71 mph was recorded at the Chadron airport in Nebraska while 60 to 70 mph winds and hail up to 2 inches in diameter were reported around Douglas, WY.
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