Washington, D.C. has many distinctions. It was created in 1790 by the signing of the "Residence Act," in which the U.S. Constitution outlined that a federal district, under the jurisdiction of the Congress and the District be created. It was decided that the location of such a district be located along the Potomac River on land donated by Virginia and Maryland, and named Washington, District of Columbia in honor of George Washington. Washington would not be located in any state in the U.S., and the land donated by Virginia would eventually be returned to Virginia.
Washington would serve as the single federal capital of the United States, but was threatened by the succession of the Confederate States of America in 1861. This succession resulted in the bloodiest war the country had ever known, and possibly would ever know. The U.S. capital city would not be spared in the scars of war. The war touched everyone and everything in this country, including Washington, D.C.
Fort Stevens was constructed in 1861 by the U.S. in what is now the neighborhood of Brighton. It was not occupied as a fort until the day before the only battle in the city occurred. The battle of Fort Stevens was fought on July 11 and July 12, 1864, and was a Union victory. It was at this fort that President Abraham Lincoln was fired on by Confederate sharpshooters while viewing the fort.
If you've recently eaten at the Wok and Roll at 604 H Street NW, you have had a meal in what was the boarding house of Mary Surrat in 1865. It was the site of meetings of conspirators to kidnap and to assassinate U.S. President Abraham Lincoln.
As you will see in the video in this article, even the churches in the capital city did not escape the ravages of the Civil War, and the word "hooker," meaning prostitute, got its name from a Civil War general.
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