"Sexually enticed men by as much as laughing in public..."
Citing a slew of specific Articles that purposefully use vague and open-ended language, thousands of Sudanese girls and women have been tried, sentenced and publically flogged for laughing or even by their mere physical presence, as reported by The Eurasia Review news portal on Oct. 8, 2013.
As evidenced by the Daily Mail of London, UK reporting earlier this month of a woman identified only as Halima being whipped for the high crime of getting into an automobile with a man to whom she was not related.
Also cited by both The Daily Mail and The Eurasian Review is the case of human right activist Amira Osman Hamad who is currently standing trial for violating Article 152, the Islamic Sharia Law-based "Indecent and Immoral Acts" which criminalizes any woman presenting herself, either in public or the privacy of her own home, sans her hijab (Islamic head veil) to any male who is not either her husband nor a blood relative.
Article 154 of the criminal code "Practicing Prostitution" has been used in conjunction with Article 152 against women who have sexually "enticed" men by as much as laughing in public.
Per Article 154, a place of prostitution is defined as “any place designated for the meeting of men and women between whom there is no marital relationship, or kinship, in circumstances in which the exercise of sexual acts is probable to occur."
According to Amnesty International, any Sudanese woman could be sentenced to a public flogging of forty to sixty lashes as well as fines and/or imprisonment if found guilty of violating any of the following Articles:
- Article 145 - Zina (Arabic for adultery but can also be translated as premarital sex). NOTE: Single women convicted of Zina receive at least 100 lashes, while married women found guilty of adultery are often stoned to death.
- Article 151 - Gross Indecency.
- Article 152 - Indecent and Immoral Acts.
- Article 153 - Possessing, Handling or Manufacturing Materials and Displays Contrary to Public Morality.
- Article 154 - Practicing Prostitution.
Amnesty International also cited the 2007 case of an unidentified Sudanese "girl arrested for dressing indecently under Article 152, was also charged under Article 153 after police confiscated and searched her mobile phone on which they found a joke in a text message that the police officer deemed to be indecent. As well as her punishment for breaching Article 152, she received a further 40 lashes, one month in prison and a fine of 400 Sudanese pounds because of the joke."
Four hundred Sudanese Pounds are worth approximately $91.00.