Clean water is essential for life. It is written in the British Medical Bulletin that an adequate supply of safe drinking water is one of the primary prerequisites for a healthy life. The quality of drinking water and possible associated health risks has been found to vary throughout the world. Science Daily reported on Oct. 8, 2013, "Something in the Expecting Mother's Water: Contaminated Water Breeds Low-Weight Babies."
According to a study at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs,
pregnant women who are living in areas with contaminated drinking water may be more likely to have babies that are premature or with low birth weights, which is considered to be less than 5.5 pounds. The effects of contaminated water, which include numerous cognitive and developmental impairments, have been found to be particularly significant for babies who are born to less-educated mothers. These mothers also are not as likely to move from areas with contaminated water.
Janet Currie, the Henry Putnam Professor of Economics and Public Affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, has said, "Fetuses are vulnerable to all types of pollution, including water contamination caused by chemicals and bacteria." Water contamination can lead to many problems, including low-birth-weight babies who can suffer from lifelong cognitive problems. It has been advised that health care workers include literature dealing with water contamination risks and hazards in clinics and exam rooms in order to reach more pregnant women. This is a very good idea.