A September 30, 2013 story in Aviation Weak details a proposal by Chinese rocket engineers to build a super heavy lift rocket, dubbed the Long March 9, that would exceed the capacity of the Saturn V that launched Americans to the moon and would match that of the final version of the Space Launch System, with a 130 ton capability.
The Chinese are already doing preliminary work on a rocket engine, similar to the F-1 that was used in the Saturn V, which would burn kerosene. They might even roll out smaller versions of the Long March 9, say a 70 ton model, similar to how NASA is proposing for the SLS. There are thus far two design proposals, but each of similar capability
The development of a Chinese moon rocket has long been discussed in the media, with the name Long March 9 having come out in 2012. The purpose of such a launch vehicle would almost certainly be to land Chinese astronauts on the lunar surface, a feat hitherto only accomplished by the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
“The payload to LEO of the two designs suggests industry leaders here are eyeing lunar expeditions perhaps not much more ambitious than Apollo, although the mass they can deliver to the Moon's surface will also depend on how the mission is executed. Sending a crew aloft on a separate launch to join the rest of their spacecraft, carried by a Long March 9, could greatly expand the mission. The Saturn V, which lofted all Apollo modules in a single shot, had a payload to LEO of 118 tons.”
Oddly enough the two launch scenario is exactly the one that has been proposed for NASA, using the SLS, and Orion spacecraft, and a lunar landing vehicle. President Obama cancelled American lunar plans in 2010 in favor of a mission to an asteroid.