Skip to main content
  1. News
  2. Science & Space

Archaeologist finds evidence of people in Bolivia 10,000 years ago

See also

Umberto Lombardo from the University of Bern in Switzerland and an international group of colleagues from other institutions reported the discovery of the first hard evidence that man was living in and active in the Amazonian areas of Bolivia as early as 10,400 years ago in the Aug. 28, 2013, issue of the journal Public Library of Science.

More Photos

The scientists investigated three of the hundreds of waste dump islands called middens found in the Bolivian Amazon. The mounds were previously attributed to termite activity, erosion, or possibly early human activity but not as far back in time as carbon dating has determined.

A layer by layer examination of three of the middens using core sampling produced evidence of human activity and habitation as far back as 10,400 years ago.

The mounds showed evidence of humans from layers of charcoal from burning, fresh water snail shells, and human bones. The oldest layer contained only snail shells. The upper layers contained pottery fragments, human bones, and bone tools.

This is the first known evidence that hunter-gatherers lived in this area of the Amazon in Bolivia during the Holocene. The mounds offer evidence that humans lived and apparently thrived in the region for over 6,000 years.

The mounds were abandoned as early men moved in reaction to an increasingly wetter climate in the area.

These are the oldest human artifacts found in n western and southern Amazonia.

Advertisement

News

  • Gaza conflict
    Israel official: Ceasefire and expanding Gaza conflict are both being discussed
    Video
    Video
  • Air Algerie crash
    Conflicting reports about the Air Algerie disappearance begin to emerge
    Top News
  • Arizona execution
    A Senator familiar with torture denounces Joseph Wood's botched execution as such
    US News
  • Ray Rice suspended
    Ravens' running back Ray Rice is suspended for two games for a domestic violence arrest
    Sports
  • Amazon tribe falls ill
    An Amazonian tribe catches influenza after making first contact with the developed world
    Headlines
  • CIA prison in Poland
    Poland is declared guilty of human rights violations for hosting a secret CIA prison
    Video
    Video