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American foreign policy failure: Iraq

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If Afghanistan isn’t evidence enough, revisit Iraq. Today, Iraq’s largest city, Mosul is under control by the Levant (ISIL). The al Qaeda-aligned terrorist group is back in charge again after the Iraqi government has failed to secure the nation. With or without Americans being in the neighborhood, substantial populations of radical extremists continue to exist and persist in achieving effective control. This is not just an American concern, however, it is a global concern. An effective US President and Secretary of State would convene a leadership conference to address the global security problem posed by groups like this and those operating throughout the Middle East. The matter is urgent for both economic and military security.

“The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Arabic: الدولة الاسلامية في العراق والشام‎ ad-Dawla al-Islāmiyya fi al-'Irāq wa-sh-Shām), abbreviated as ISILor ISIS, is an active group in Iraq and Syria.[24] It was established in the early years of the Iraq War, and pledged allegiance to al-Qaeda in 2004, becoming known as "al-Qaeda in Iraq". The group was composed of and supported by a variety of insurgent groups, including its predecessor organisation, the Mujahideen Shura Council, Al-Qaeda in Iraq, Jaysh al-Fatiheen, Jund al-Sahaba, Katbiyan Ansar Al-Tawhid wal Sunnah, Jeish al-Taiifa al-Mansoura, etc., and other clans whose population profess Sunni Islam. It aimed to establish a caliphate in the Sunni majority regions ofIraq, later expanding this to include Syria. In February 2014, after an eight-month-long power struggle, al-Qaeda cut off all ties to ISIL.[25]”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_State_of_Iraq_and_the_Levant

“Militants Seize Iraqi City of Mosul

After several days of fierce clashes, militants believed to be from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) have taken control of most of Iraq's second largest city, Mosul. Hundreds of fighters destroyed several police stations and seized the Nineveh province's government headquarters. Iraq's parliamentary speaker, Osama Nujaifi, said that Iraqi forces had "abandoned their posts" and that "terrorists" are in control of Mosul. Nujaifi called for troop reinforcements. According to Nujaifi, the militants had additionally seized the airport and the jails, reportedly releasing about 1,400 prisoners. Militants have launched attacks in Nineveh and four other provinces in recent days. Iraq's deputy migration and displacement minister stated that fighting in Mosul had already forced over 4,800 families to flee their homes. Meanwhile, the Turkish government is investigating reports that 28 Turkish truck drivers have been abducted in Nineveh province while transporting diesel to Mosul.”

http://mideastafrica.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2014/06/10/militants_seize_iraqi_city_of_mosul

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