The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced in Stockholm on Wednesday that the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to three scientists, Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel, “for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems.”
According to the press release, devising new computational methods in the 1970s through the use of both classical and quantum physics, the three Nobel winners were able to devise new ways to model chemical reactions well beyond what had been possible at the time: simple chemical reactions in small molecules. Such advances in modeling have allowed scientists to model using computer programs very complex chemical reactions with large molecules.
Martin Karplus is a professor emeritus of chemistry at Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass.
Michael Levitt is the Robert W. and Vivian K. Cahill Professor in Cancer Research at the Stanford University School of Medicine in Stanford, Calif.
Arieh Warshel is a distinguished professor at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, Calif.
On Monday James Rothman, Randy Schekman and Thomas Südhof, were awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their roles in unmasking the method and timing by which cells bundle and transport materials needed.
On Tuesday theoretical physicists Peter Higgs and François Englert were awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics for their independently derived theory explaining the existence of mass in the Universe which also predicts the existence of the Higgs boson in the Standard Model of particle physics.
The Nobel Prizes in literature and economics will be announced on Thursday and Monday, respectively. The Nobel Peace Prize winner will be announced on Friday.
The prizes, except for the peace prize, will be awarded on Dec. 10, 2013 in Stockholm. The peace prize will be awarded on Dec. 10, 2013 in Oslo, Norway.