The Victorian houses that were built before 1900 had large backyards which were both practical and fashionable. Nearly everyone had a clothesline, a tool shed or workshop, a covered balcony or porch, a home vegetable garden and fruit trees. Their fancy laundry technology was much different than ours: They had a clothes wringer which is a mechanical compress that squeezes water out of clothes.
If one had money then there may be a glass conservatory which is a fancy greenhouse that looks like a gazebo. There is a huge one in Golden Gate Park. Also, aviaries were popular, which are very large walk-in bird cages for exotic species.
Ladies were very cautious of the sun and so they wore enormous brimmed hats with a veil to cover their faces. It's likely that they stayed in covered balconies, porches, enclosed sun rooms and gazebos. Victorian homes are famous for their rose gardens but they were probably tended to strictly by men.