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The suffering and death of Jesus of Nazareth

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth
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In the New Testament – in the Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke – very similar wording is used to tell the same stories in the same sequence, so these are thought of as the 'synoptic' Gospels.

At one point in each of those narratives, (Mark Chapter 8, verse 27, and in Matthew Chapter 16, verses 13-20, and also in Luke Chapter 9, verses 18–20),

Jesus asks:

"Who do the multitudes say that I am?"

In response, the disciples provide a wide range of answers. Jesus then asks:

“Who do you say that I am?

The only reply comes from Simon:

“You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

In Matthew, Chapter 16, verse 17, Jesus blesses Simon and designates him now as Peter, the rock, and says that upon this rock he will build his church, and lets him and the other disciples know that he is to give Peter "the keys of the kingdom of heaven." In doing so, he acknowledges that he is the Christ, and the son of Almighty God.

The Roman Catholic Church traces its heritage back to the apostle Peter, as the first Vicar of Christ on earth -- and the first Pope.

In the following Chapter of Matthew, in verse 1–9 (and in Mark Chapter 9, verses 2–8; and in Luke Chapter 9, verses 28–36) radiant, on a mountaintop, Jesus is transfigured, with bright rays of light emanating from him, and as the Old Testament prophets Moses and Elijah appear with him, a voice assumed to be God the Father is heard to refer to him as his son – marking the nature of the incarnation of Jesus in his human incarnation and as Jesus the son of God.

The Gospel according to Matthew:

"Now Jesus stood before the governor; and the governor asked him,

"Are you the King of the Jews?"

Jesus said,

"You have said so."

But when he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he made no answer.

Then Pilate said to him,

"Do you not hear how many things they testify against you?"

But he gave him no answer, not even to a single charge; so that the governor wondered greatly.

Now at the feast the governor was accustomed to release for the crowd any one prisoner whom they wanted. And they had then a notorious prisoner, called Barab'bas.

So when they had gathered, Pilate said to them,

"Whom do you want me to release for you, Barab'bas or Jesus who is called Christ?"

For he knew that it was out of envy that they had delivered him up.

Besides, while he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent word to him,

"Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I have suffered much over him today in a dream."

Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the people to ask for Barab'bas and destroy Jesus. The governor again said to them,

"Which of the two do you want me to release for you?"

And they said,

"Barab'bas."

Pilate said to them,

"Then what shall I do with Jesus who is called Christ?"

They all said,

"Let him be crucified."

And he said,

"Why, what evil has he done?"

But they shouted all the more,

"Let him be crucified."

So when Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing, but rather that a riot was beginning, he took water and washed his hands before the crowd, saying,

"I am innocent of this man's blood; see to it yourselves."

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth

When morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death; and they bound him and led him away and delivered him to Pilate the governor.

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth  II.
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth II. Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth II.

Pilate said to them, "Then what shall I do with Jesus who is called Christ?" They all said, "Let him be crucified." And he said, "Why, what evil has he done?" But they shouted all the more, "Let him be crucified."

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth  III.
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth III. Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth III.

And they stripped him and put a scarlet robe upon him, and plaiting a crown of thorns they put it on his head, and put a reed in his right hand.

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth  IV.
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth IV. Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth IV.

And kneeling before him they mocked him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" And they spat upon him, and took the reed and struck him on the head.

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth  V.
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth V. Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth V.

And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the robe, and put his own clothes on him, and led him away to crucify him. As they went out, they came upon a man of Cyre'ne

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth  VI.
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth VI. Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth VI.

And when they came to a place called Gol'gotha (which means the place of a skull), they offered him wine to drink, mingled with gall; but when he tasted it, he would not drink it.

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth  VII.
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth VII. Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth VII.

And when they had crucified him, they divided his garments among them by casting lots; then they sat down and kept watch over him there. And over his head they put the charge against him, which read, "This is Jesus the King of the Jews." Then two robbers were crucified with him, one on the right and one on the left.

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth  VIII.
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth VIII. Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth VIII.

So also the chief priests, with the scribes and elders, mocked him, saying, "He saved others; he cannot save himself. He is the King of Israel; let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in him.

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth  IX.
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth IX. Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth IX.

When the centurion and those who were with him, keeping watch over Jesus, saw the earthquake and what took place, they were filled with awe, and said, "Truly this was the Son of God!"

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth  X.
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth X. Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth X.

There were also many women there, looking on from afar, who had followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to him; among whom were Mary Mag'dalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zeb'edee.

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth  XI.
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth XI. Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth XI.

When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathe'a, named Joseph, who also was a disciple of Jesus. He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered it to be given to him.

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth  XII.
The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth XII. Public Domain

The Passion of Jesus of Nazareth XII.

And Joseph took the body, and wrapped it in a clean linen shroud, and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn in the rock; and he rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb, and departed.

Mary Mag'dalene and the other Mary were there, sitting opposite the sepulchre. Next day, that is, after the day of Preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered before Pilate and said, "Sir, we remember how that impostor said, while he was still alive, `After three days I will rise again.'

Therefore order the sepulchre to be made secure until the third day, lest his disciples go and steal him away, and tell the people, `He has risen from the dead,' and the last fraud will be worse than the first." Pilate said to them, "You have a guard of soldiers; go, make it as secure as you can."

So they went and made the sepulchre secure by sealing the stone and setting a guard.