The Strickland’s Woodpecker was once thought to be the same species as the Arizona Woodpecker, but is now recognized as the same species. The official name, even though still found in identification books as the Strickland’s, is the Arizona Woodpecker. This is a rare sight for many bird watchers, as it only visits Southern Arizona from Mexico and nowhere else. In the Santa Rita Mountains, you might well see this woodpecker species in Madera Canyon of the Santa Rita Mountains south of Tucson as it prefers riparian areas with Sycamores and Cottonwoods.
Unlike many woodpecker species, this small woodpecker is not black and white. The upperparts are brown, while the underside is brown with white speckles. There is a red patch at the back of the head.
This species of woodpecker works its way up and down tree trunks looking for beetles and insect larvae. It is not particularly social, and is rarely seen in groups more than three.
Reference: The Nature of Madera Canyon by Douglas W. Moore, Friends of Madera, 1999; allaboutbirds.com