The virus naturally arises from aquatic birds worldwide, but it can affect domestic poultry and other animal species and birds. The Avian flu does not usually infect humans; however, the highly pathogenic virus can infect humans if they are exposed to sick or dead poultry that were infected with H5N1.
Since 2003, close to 600 human cases of H5N1, in 15 countries were reported to the World Health Organization (WHO). Countries that have the most on-going and widespread infections of the bird flu virus in poultry are India, China, Egypt, Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Indonesia. Almost 60 percent of people infected with the virus died from the illness.
Most people are infected with the bird flu virus as a result of close or direct contact with poultry infected with H5N1. Fortunately, there is no proof that the virus spreads easily between humans.
The following pages show prevention and treatment for the bird flu. Click on View the list to get additional information for your safety.
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