To eliminate the problem requires that the US State Department a the direction of the President address the individual nations that are the sources of illegal immigration.
Guatemala: Half of the population is living at or below the poverty level.
“Remittances from Guatemalans who fled to the United States during the civil war now constitute the largest single source of foreign income (two thirds of exports and one tenth of GDP).”
The problem is that U.S. immigration policy permitted immigration from Guatemala instead of working with the government to effectively keep the citizens in their home nation. Foreign aid and trade policy need to address how to provide sufficient incentive and opportunity to keep citizens in their home country. Consideration should be given to repatriating Guatemalans who are here illegally or without citizenship. Send them home.
Honduras: This country is horribly dangerous. Because the U.S. is experiencing illegal immigration from this place, it is imperative to address the high-crime nation on the basis of our national security.
“According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Honduras has the highest rate of intentional homicide in the world, with 6,239 intentional homicides, or 82.1 per 100,000 of population in 2010. This is significantly higher than the rate in El Salvador, which at 66.0 per 100,000 in 2010, has the second highest rate of intentional homicide in the world.”
While the U.S. is preoccupied with the Middle East, Honduras is burning as a nearby neighbor. It needs higher priority attention at once from the State Department.
El Salvador: There is one person on point who is responsible for this country and that is the President, Mauricio Funes.
It sounds like he is doing the right things.
“Since coming to power, Funes' administration has implemented a wide range of social reforms designed to combat poverty and inequality, including the institution of various poverty alleviation programs in the most impoverished communities, the abolition of public health care fees, the introduction of free shoes, meals and uniforms for schoolchildren, the distribution of property titles to hundreds of families, the introduction of monthly stipends and job training for those living in extreme poverty, and pensions for the elderly. In addition, investments have been made in improving school infrastructure, a presidential decree has been made against discrimination on the basis of gender and sexual orientation in the public services, two working groups on indigenous affairs have been created as a means of bringing about better representation of the interests of El Salvador’s indigenous communities, a community health plan has been introduced, improvements have been made in teacher’s salaries, and measures have been introduced to combat illiteracy.”
If El Salvador is continuing to be a problem, it is likely because the Obama administration, State Department, and Congress are neglecting them.
Nicaragua: President Ortega is still in power and wants to remain there even though his nation is in very bad shape.
“Nicaragua is among the poorest countries in the Americas. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) in 2008 was estimated at $17.37 billion USD. Agriculture represents 17% of GDP, the highest percentage in Central America. Remittances account for over 15% of the Nicaraguan GDP. Close to one billion dollars are sent to the country by Nicaraguans living abroad. The economy grew at a rate of about 4% in 2011.”
After reviewing these countries, the only effective way to address them is through their leaders and via aggressive foreign policy. The U.S. should consider sanctions against political leaders who fail to get a grip on the immigration problem they are creating for America.