Researchers from WV, MD and GA continue to uncover the names of many more black POWs from Confederate prisons than previously were known.
Historians traditionally thought the number of U.S. Colored Troops who actually made it into Confederate prisons was a number around 776 soldiers. It had originally been thought that most black's captured by the Confederates never made it into a prison camp. That has alos been proven untrue by this new study.
Within just two USCT regiments alone, the 110th USCT and the 111th USCT, captured in and around Athens, AL on September 24 and 25, 1864, 744 were prisoners of war. They were among 863 black prisoners who are known to have been held in Cahaba Prison near Selma, AL.
Salisbury Prison in Salisbury, NC had about 500 black prisoners. Andersonville Prison in Georgia had another 105, though new names have emerged in recent weeks pushing that number to neared 200 black prisoners.
The total of black prisoners to date including searching through the first 114 U.S.C.T. regiments include 1908 soldiers and 104 sailors, a total of 2,012, who were incarcerated. An additional 86,000 records still need to be examined before a final total can be calculated.
Most of the men that are listed on the National USCT POW database which will eventually be available for search on-line and in published form, were captured at Athens, AL; Olustee, FL; Fort Pillow, TN; Fort Wagner, SC; Dalton, GA; and at the Crater, in Petersburg, VA.
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