Skip to main content

See also:

Marijuana Movement: A look at marijuana laws worldwide part 2 of 5

 Marijuana Movement: A look at marijuana laws worldwide part 2 of 5
Marijuana Movement: A look at marijuana laws worldwide part 2 of 5DutchCanabisSeeds.com

Marijuana is primarily used for recreational or medicinal purposes. In some cultures around the world it's used as part of religious or spiritual rites and is legal, specifically for that purpose.

The earliest recorded use of marijuana dates back to the 3rd millennium BC. Since the early 20th century cannabis has been subject to legal restrictions with the possession, use, and sale of cannabis preparations containing psychoactive cannabinoids currently illegal in most countries of the world.

The United Nations has said that cannabis is the most-used illicit drug in the world. In 2004, the United Nations estimated that global consumption of cannabis indicated that approximately 4% of the adult world population (162 million people) used cannabis annually, and that approximately 0.6% (22.5 million) of people used cannabis daily.

The penalties for marijuana possession range from a fine, up to 8-years in prison. The attached list details the specifics of each country's laws and punishment.

The series of 5 lists examines the marijuana laws of 92 countries, accompanied by spectacular pictorials.

Subscribe to my News feed to receive all five of the articles in the series. It's a free subscription.

"Marijuana Movement: A look at marijuana laws worldwide"

Part one, March, 30th.
Part two, April, 6th.
Part three, April, 13th.
Part four, April, 20th.
Part five, April, 27th.

Comoros
Comoros KunarTravel

Comoros

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Cannabis was legal during the Comorian historical period between January 1975 and May 1978, when president Ali Soilih legalized cannabis consumption among other measures.

Costa Rica
Costa Rica CloudFront.net

Costa Rica

Possession-Illegal (decriminalized)
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation-Growing-Illegal (decriminalized).

Cannabis is illegal but there is a high tolerance of smoking marijuana throughout the country, a decriminalization system is implemented de facto since police officers do not detain people carrying enough for only personal consumption, yet no amount has been defined as a minimum for possession. Usage of Cannabis in Costa Rica is very high.

Croatia
Croatia NationalGeographic.com

Croatia

Possession-Illegal (decriminalized)
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

From 2013 there is distinction in the Croatian penal code between various illegal substances, they are now separated on heavy drugs and light drugs like Marijuana. According to the law, growing or selling cannabis is considered a felony punishable by a mandatory prison sentence (three years minimum) and from 2013 the possession of small amount of marijuana and other light drugs is a misdemeanor which leads to a fine of ($800–3500-US) depending on the case in question. In all cases the cannabis must be confiscated.

Cuba
Cuba Travelane.com

Cuba

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal

In 2006, according to the Communist Party Daily Granma, over 1,800 people were tried for dealing marijuana. The article did not specify how many foreigners were among those prosecuted.

Effective Jan. 14, 2013, Cuba ended the requirement established in 1961 that any citizens who wish to travel abroad were required to obtain an expensive government permit and a letter of invitation.

The now replaced travel ban dates to 1961, when the Cuban government imposed broad restrictions on travel starting to prevent the mass migration of people after the 1959 revolution and only approved exit visas on rare occasions.

Henceforth, Cubans will only need a passport and a national id card to leave; they will also be allowed for the first time to take their young children with them.

Cyprus
Cyprus MarinoEstates.com

Cyprus

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Class B substance – life imprisonment is possible for use and maximum 8 years for possession (maximum 2 yrs for first offence for under 25 yr old). In practice, warning may be given to a minor unconscious first offender.

Czech Republic
Czech Republic NationalGeographic.com

Czech Republic

Possession-Illegal (decriminalized)
Sale-Legal
Transport-Illegal (decriminalized)
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal (decriminalized).

Possession of up to fifteen grams for personal use or cultivation of up to five plants is merely a misdemeanor. Popular destination for smokers. Medical use of cannabis on prescription has been legal and regulated since 1 April 2013.

Denmark
Denmark TrekEarth.com

Denmark

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

As with all drugs, cannabis-related offences are punishable by a fine or imprisonment for up to 2 years Freetown Christiania, a self-declared autonomous region, is known for its cannabis trade.

Dominica
Dominica PureTravel.com

Dominica

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Despite calls by some circles to legalize marijuana in Dominica, Attorney General Levi Peter has made it clear that this will not be done anytime soon.

“Marijuana will continue to be an illegal substance in Dominica in the foreseeable future,” he said.

Marijuana has been classified as a Class B drug in Dominica meaning that it’s illegal to possess, cultivate, or sell the substance.

Ecuador
Ecuador Ecuador.files.wordpress.com

Ecuador

Possession-Illegal (decriminalized)
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Possession is not illegal, if under 10 grams. It's considered personal use and it is legal and not punished.

Egypt
Egypt Destination360.com

Egypt

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Technically illegal. However, use is widespread and part of every day culture. Convictions are very rare for personal use. Formerly a plant of high status, with several documented medicinal uses in ancient times, cannabis was made illegal in 1925.  

The League of Nations’ Geneva International Convention on Narcotic Control, has been aggressively targeted at various points since then.

Estonia
Estonia EuroKulture.com

Estonia

Possession-Illegal (decriminalized)
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Up to 10 grams is considered an amount for personal use, and is punished with a fine. Large amounts and distribution are criminal offences, and are punishable with a fine or by up to 5 years in prison.

Ethiopia
Ethiopia TheTop10Site.com

Ethiopia

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Despite being the spiritual homeland of the Rastafari movement, possession of cannabis can result in up to 6 months imprisonment.

Finland
Finland DailyMail.com

Finland

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Extremely limited group of medicinal users are permitted to purchase Sativex mouth spray from one special pharmacy in the city of Turku.

France
France PixDaus.com

France

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Cultivating, selling, owning or consuming cannabis is prohibited. However, legislation was enacted in June 2013 permitting the sale of medications containing cannabis derivatives.

Greece
Greece Sott.com

Greece

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Possession or use of even small amounts is illegal in Greece. Individuals are arrested, although rarely convicted by court. Possession of large quantities may lead to several years in prison.

The Government was said to be preparing a bill that would decriminalize the use of drugs in August 2011, but finally the legislation was not changed at all.

Honduras
Honduras NovaTravelClinic.com

Honduras

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

The possession, sale, transportation and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in Honduras.

Hungary
Hungary TourOpTravelBerry.net.

Hungary

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

There is no distinction in Hungarian law between illicit drugs according to dangers. Heroin use has the same legal consequences as cannabis use. Hungarian law prohibits the distribution, and any use (including medical use). However the Penal code distinguishes the punishment between sale and personal use.  "One cannot be punished for drug misuse; if a small, personal amount is produced, acquired, or in possession." and continues to state that " provided that before final verdict is determined a verification is provided that continuous 6-month therapy has taken place." 

Iceland
Iceland NationalGeographic.com

Iceland

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Consumption is illegal even in small amounts. Possession, sale, transportation and cultivation could result in jail time. Possession is not strictly enforced. Heavy fines are given.