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Marijuana Movement: A look at marijuana laws worldwide part 1 of 5

 Marijuana Movement: A look at marijuana laws worldwide part 1 of 5
Marijuana Movement: A look at marijuana laws worldwide part 1 of 5OutsideOfTheBeltway.com

Just as the marijuana laws vary from state to state in the U.S., every country has regulations related to marijuana use. The U.S. is much more liberal in the legalization of medical marijuana, far exceeding any other country. The U.S. is also one of the few countries to legalize recreational marijuana, in select states.

As the so-called marijuana movement progresses, with more U.S. states creating
state level legislation to legalize medical marijuana, legalize recreational marijuana, establish a regulated dispensary system, along with legislation at the federal level to legalize the drug; its hard to gauge the long-term outcome of a nation filled with habitual drug users.

Although some may compare marijuana use to alcohol use, whereas if it is used in moderation it does not pose a threat.

The penalties for marijuana possession range from a fine, up to 8-years in prison. The attached list details the specifics of each country's laws and punishment.

The series of 5 lists examines the marijuana laws of 92 countries, accompanied by spectacular pictorials.

Subscribe to my News feed to receive all five of the articles in the series. It's a free subscription.

"Marijuana Movement: A look at marijuana laws worldwide"

Part one, March, 30th.
Part two, April, 6th.
Part three, April, 13th.
Part four, April, 20th.
Part five, April, 27th.

Albania
Albania ClodFront.net

Albania

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Albania is one of Europe's greatest producers of cannabis. Yet the drug is off limits to the citizens.

Lazarat is a tiny village near Gjirokastra, Albania, and it's known for developing a cannabis business in its picturesque mountainside fields. It generates about $6 billion per year through cultivating 60 acres of land and 300,000 marijuana plants.

 

Algeria
Algeria DailyMail.com

Algeria

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

The majority of drugs trafficked through Algeria consists of cannabis and cannabis resin that enters from Morocco and departs the country from northern coastal cities, often in private boats.  Some is consumed in Algeria, and there is some cannabis cultivation there as well. 

Previously, these narcotics moved directly from Morocco to Spain, and from there to other European countries. Most seizures of cannabis and cannabis resin take place in the wilaya of Bechar, along Algeria's western border with Morocco.

The citizens of Algeria have no voice.  Algeria is an authoritarian regime, according to the Democracy Index 2010. "Elected politicians" are considered to have relatively little sway over Algeria. Instead, a group of unelected civilian and military dictators, known as "le pouvoir" ("the power"), rule the country, even deciding who should be president.

Argentina
Argentina BeautifulAmazingWorld.com

Argentina

Possession-Illegal (decriminalized)
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Legal for personal use in small amounts and for consumption in private locations. Public consumption is generally accepted among young adults. Consumption for medical purposes is accepted but not legislated (only in private locations).

Cultivating, selling and transporting large amounts is illegal and punishable by present laws.

Australia
Australia SMH.com

Australia

Possession-Illegal (decriminalized)
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal (decriminalized).

Decriminalized for personal use in small amounts in the Australian Capital Territory, South Australia and the Northern Territory. It is a criminal offence in New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania.

In SA a person can legally grow 1 non-hydroponic plant, and in the ACT 2 non-hydroponic plants may be grown on their own property for personal use, and in the N.T two non-hydroponic plants can be fined $200 with 28 days to pay rather than face criminal charge. Enforcement varies from state to state.

Austria
Austria AustriaTips.com

Austria

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Possession (which includes the act of smoking) is punishable by prison time of up to 1 year (option of alternative therapy and subsequent waiving of sentence) If it was possessed for personal use the penalty is only up to half a year.

Belgium
Belgium Telegram.com.uk

Belgium

Possession-Illegal (decriminalized)
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation-Growing-Illegal (decriminalized).

For adults over the age of 18, in Belgium, consumption in one's home and possession of quantities of up to 3 grams or one female plant is tolerated.

Belize
Belize TravelChannel.com

Belize

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal

Cannabis use in Belize is common and largely tolerated; however, possession can result in fines or imprisonment. In 2012, the Government of Belize announced that it was considering decriminalizing possession of 10 grams or less.

Bolivia
Bolivia NationalGeographic.com

Bolivia

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Personal drug possession in Bolivia does not carry a jail sentence.  The 1988 antidrug Law 1008 mandates residential rehabilitation and treatment for drug addicts and occasional users.  However, in practice this regulation has not occurred because of a persisting focus on drug interdiction and coca reduction, paired with almost non-existent public rehabilitation facilities.

 

Botswana
Botswana MailakaTravel.com

Botswana

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal

Cannabis (or Dagga) is illegal, but this is often unenforced.

A person arrested for possession of dagga weighing less than 60 grams may find himself or herself in jail for a period not exceeding 3 years and fines.

A person arrested for possession of dagga weighing more than 60 grams may find himself or herself in jail for a period of not more than 5 years and fines.

A person who deals (sells, cultivate, import, manufacture etc) dagga may find himself or herself in jail for a period of not less 5 years or not more than 10 years and fines. 

Brazil
Brazil CDN.TheAtlantic.com

Brazil

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

The possession of illegal drugs in Brazil, for personal consumption, entails a warning, community service and education on the effects of drug use. The same applies for the planting and/or preparation of small amounts of any illegal drug.

Selling and transportation of any illegal drugs, as well as the possession or cultivation of larger amounts is characterized as drug trafficking, a criminal act punished with 5 to 15 years in prison and a significant fine.

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina NationalGeographic.com

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal

Herbal cannabis available on the Bosnia and Herzegovina market originates in Albania and is smuggled by organized criminal groups through Montenegro into Bosnia and Herzegovina and onward to Western Europe along the Balkan Route. A small proportion of herbal cannabis is produced in the country.

On 4 February 2014, the anti-government protests dubbed the Bosnian Spring, name taken from the Arab Spring, began in the northern town of Tuzla. Workers from several factories which were privatised and which have now gone bankrupt united to demand action over jobs, unpaid salaries and pensions.

Soon protests spread to the rest of the country with violent clashes reported in close to 20 towns, biggest of which were in Sarajevo, Zenica, Mostar, Bihać, Brčko and Tuzla

Belarus
Belarus PureTravel.com

Belarus

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

In Belarus, problem drug use most commonly involves the injection of opiates or, to a lesser extent, of amphetamines and other psychoactive substances. 

Ice hockey is the nation's most popular sport after football. The national hockey team finished fourth in overall competition at the 2002 Salt Lake City Olympics, and its players have been present in the National Hockey League in North America. Darya Domracheva is a leading biathlete whose honors include three gold medals at the 2014 Winter Olympics.

Bulgaria
Bulgaria Scenes.com

Bulgaria

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal

Cannabis is class A (High-risk) drug, together with Heroin, Cocaine, Amphetamines and MDMA (ecstasy). Until 2004 a loosely defined "personal dose" existed. Since 2006, after the last amendment of the Penal Code, the penalty for possession is 1 to 6 years in prison and a fine between 1,000 and 5,000 euros. For possession with an aim of distribution (drug-dealing) the sentence can range from 2 to 8 years for small amounts, through 3 to 12 years for large amounts, up to 5 to 15 years when executed by an organized criminal group. In these cases the maximum fine to be determined together with the prison time is 50,000 euros. Growing is punishable by 2 to 5 years and a fine up to 5,000 euros. 

Cambodia
Cambodia TravelBlog.LocalGuide.com

Cambodia

Possession-Illegal (decriminalized)
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal

While technically illegal, the use of cannabis is widespread among the Khmer people and foreigners visiting the country. Marijuana can easily be purchased and smoked in public areas without the threat of arrest. Many "Happy" restaurants located in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanoukville publicly offer food cooked with marijuana, or as a side garnish.

Canada
Canada FineArtAmerica.com

Canada

Possession-Legal (Medical)
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Legal (Medical)
Cultivation/Growing-Legal (Medical).

Illegal
(Legal for medical and industrial use with a government issued licence)

Illegal (Legal for medical and industrial deliveries to doctors).

Illegal (1 or more plants) unless in possession of a government issued licence to grow for medical purposes.

Chile
Chile WorldForTravel.com

Chile

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Personal consumption, possession and cultivation (of any drug) is decriminalized when in private locations.

People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China WantChinaTimes.com

People's Republic of China

Possession-Illegal
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal.

Cannabis is cultivated for its seeds and for fiber, and has a long medicinal history.

Colombia
Colombia InternationalAcademy.com

Colombia

Possession-Illegal (decriminalized)
Sale-Illegal
Transport-Illegal
Cultivation/Growing-Illegal

Since 1994, cannabis has been decriminalized for possession of small amounts up to 22 gram for personal consumption, however sale and cultivation remains illegal.