There is a long and rich history of translating the Bible into the English language.
Many people prefer the King James Version for its flowery prose and poetic language. It was not the first English translation, though it may have been the best translation of its time.
Ironically enough, the King James Version was commissioned by King James, who was head of the Church of England, or the Anglican church. They were not Catholic, and were not really protestant either.
Before the printing press was invented, books were hand written one at a time and that made them very expensive.
John Wycliffe was the first person to produce and entire bible in English, including the Apocrypha, in 1384. William Tyndale also produced a hand-written English bible in 1529. His was the first translation from Greek. Several parts of the bible had been translated into English before that time.
Here is a list of printed English bibles, leading up to the 1611 King James Version.