Traditional IQ tests have long been the way that we determine and measure intelligence. However, there has been much controversy over the fairness of the traditional IQ tests in determining intelligence.
In response to the controversy over the fairness of traditional IQ tests to determine our mental ability, some psychologists have developed their own theories of intelligence. One of these theories is Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences, which was created by Howard Gardner.
Gardner theorizes that people possess different kinds of intelligences, rather than our generally accepted ideas about what comprises intelligence. Gardner’s eight types of intelligence are generally not considered when testing intelligence and competency.
Most intelligence tests emphasize math and linguistic ability. In addition to these abilities Gardner proposes several other types of intelligence that people may possess, such as spatial ability, bodily-kinesthetic ability, musical ability, and so forth.
Gardner’s eight types of intelligence can be viewed here by looking through the photos and information below.
This is the ability to think in words and use language to express meaning. People that have strong linguistic-verbal abilities are usually writers, poets, authors, speakers, and journalists.
People that are strong in logical-mathematical abilities are usually scientists, engineers, accountants and so forth. These people have very strong abilities to carry out mathematical operations.
People with spatial ability have the ability to think three-dimensionally. People with strong spatial ability usually have careers as architects, artists, or engineers.
People with this ability use their body and physical skills to solve problems. Dancers, athletes, surgeons, and craftspeople usually fall into this category.
People with musical ability are generally musicians and composers. These people have sensitivity to pitch, melody, rhythm, tone, and so forth. People that are sensitive listeners also fall into this category.
This is the ability to understand and interact with others. This is someone who is a people person and has good conversation skills. People with strong interpersonal skills are usually teachers, salespeople, politicians, and mental health professionals.
People with intrapersonal ability have the ability to understand themselves and can effectively direct their own life. People with strong intrapersonal ability are usually psychologists and theologians.
This is the ability to observe patterns in nature and understand natural and human made systems. Farmers,, botanists, ecologists, and landscapers usually fall into this category.