Sacramento has a growing social issues problem when it comes to bullying, according to the article, Bullying Prevention - Sacramento City Unified School District. In July 2011, SCUSD launched a comprehensive bullying prevention program focused on reducing bullying and harassment of students district-wide. Sacramento has See, "Bullies: A Serious Problem for Kids - Sacramento County Sheriff's Office." Bullies want power over other children. They put people down in various ways to raise themselves up in their own perception of themselves. Some bullies can't relate to how hurt, fearful, and powerless other people feel when teased, bullied, dominated, or intimidated. For the introverted child, bullying as a social issue deepens the distrust of others and shyness in some children or teenagers in ways that the bullying experience affects the individual life-long.
Children who are picked on may be singled out because the child is introverted, shy, has specific interests, such as in science, music, math, writing, or computers, or other talents and hobbies or simply because the student is getting good grades, or if the student comes from a low-income home. Although anyone can be the target of bullying behavior, the victim is often singled out because of his or her psychological traits more than his or her physical traits.
A typical victim is likely to be shy, sensitive, and perhaps anxious or insecure. Some children are picked on for physical reasons such as being overweight or physically small, having a disability, dressing differently, or belonging to a different race or religious faith. Currently, there's a bullying prevention summit forthcoming to be held in another state. Check out the August 19, 2013 article, "Branstad announces 2nd bullying prevention summit."
One of the biggest problems in social issues is the life-long effects that bullying has on children and teenagers. A new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, shows that serious illness, struggling to hold down a regular job, and poor social relationships are just some of the adverse outcomes in adulthood faced by those exposed to bullying in childhood.
Far from being harmless, the effects of bullying last long into adulthood. Whatever city you live in, you're bound to find a person who remembers being bullied in school decades later, and in many cases, affecting the rest of their lives if it destroys the trust that children start life with when they seek to make new friends in their school classrooms.
One Sacramento senior citizen was so affected by being bullied at the age of 13 by a group of girls from her class forming an upper middle class neighborhood middle-school sorority club, that the only way she could achieve closure was to write a play about the event with characters set in a different time and location, given different names, but carrying out the same event of inviting the teenager to one girl's home when the parents were at work and then proceeding to haze her and then push her out the door nearly into the path of an oncoming car. The survivor of the bullying incident had never expected to be rejected, hazed, and bullied at the event.
As she went home in shock to her poor neighborhood across the tracks, she never forgot the event and remains a friendless hermit in adulthood, too shy to make any attempt to make new friends. The bullying event has never left her memory, although she has received closure, not from an apology from the clique of girls, daughters of wealthy business owner parents, but from her own creative endeavors writing about the incident as a therapeutic catharsis, which did give her closure and insight as she was able to analyze the social issues of the event.
Now, a new study shows that serious illness, struggling to hold down a regular job, and poor social relationships are just some of the adverse outcomes in adulthood faced by those exposed to bullying in childhood. It has long been acknowledged that bullying at a young age presents a problem for schools, parents and public policy makers alike. Although children spend more time with their peers than their parents, there is relatively little published research on understanding the impact of these interactions on their lives beyond school.
The results of the new study, published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, highlight the extent to which the risk of problems related to health, poverty, and social relationships are heightened by exposure to bullying. The study is notable because it looks into many factors that go beyond health-related outcomes.
Psychological scientists Dieter Wolke of the University of Warwick and William E. Copeland of Duke University Medical Center led the research team, looking beyond the study of victims and investigating the impact on all those affected: the victims, the bullies themselves, and those who fall into both categories, so-called "bully-victims."
"We cannot continue to dismiss bullying as a harmless, almost inevitable, part of growing up," says Wolke in the August 19, 2013 news release, Far from being harmless, the effects of bullying last long into adulthood. "We need to change this mindset and acknowledge this as a serious problem for both the individual and the country as a whole; the effects are long-lasting and significant."
The 'bully-victims' were at greatest risk for health problems in adulthood, over six times more likely to be diagnosed with a serious illness, smoke regularly, or develop a psychiatric disorder compared to those not involved in bullying
In the case of the Sacramento woman, a victim of bullying in her middle-school years, she suffered life long with chronic anxiety, agoraphobia, fear of making new friends, shyness, and fear of talking to strangers. In the latest study, the results show that bully-victims are perhaps the most vulnerable group of all. This group may turn to bullying after being bullied themselves as they may lack the emotional regulation or support required to cope with it.
"In the case of bully-victims, it shows how bullying can spread when left untreated," Wolke added, according to the news release, Far from being harmless, the effects of bullying last long into adulthood. "Some interventions are already available in schools but new tools are needed to help health professionals to identify, monitor, and deal with the ill-effects of bullying. The challenge we face now is committing the time and resources to these interventions to try and put an end to bullying."
All the groups were more than twice as likely to have difficulty in keeping a job, or committing to saving compared to those not involved in bullying. As such, they displayed a higher propensity for being impoverished in young adulthood.
On the other hand, the study revealed very few ill effects of being the bully. After accounting for the influence of childhood psychiatric problems and family hardships — which were prevalent among bullies — the act of bullying itself didn't seem to have a negative impact in adulthood.
"Bullies appear to be children with a prevailing antisocial tendency who know how to get under the skin of others, with bully-victims taking the role of their helpers," explained Wolke. "It is important to finds ways of removing the need for these children to bully others and, in doing so, protect the many children suffering at the hand of bullies — they are the ones who are hindered later in life."
Although they showed no real difference in the likelihood of being married or having children, all groups showed signs of having difficulty forming social relationships, particularly when it came to maintaining long term friendships or good ties with parents in adulthood. The research assessed 1,420 participants four to six times between the ages of 9 and 16 years and adult outcomes between 24-26 years of age. For further information, you can check out the Economic and Social Research Council, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, and the William T. Grant Foundation.
Can genealogy creative writing or event reminiscing in the form of plays, skits, monologues, song lyrics or poetry offer at least an open door to therapeutic closure for those who were bullied in childhood or during their teenage years?
What are some of the best ideas to enhance creativity in therapeutic journaling or play writing? Does writing for closure have a typology all its own built into the study of a child's experiences growing up in the midst of community or family history--other than archiving dates and places?
The book and tapes by Dr. Delunas consider the sixteen personality types described in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator ® and the four temperaments noted in Dr. Keirsey’s Temperament Sorter ®: intuitive thinking, intuitive feeling, sensing judging, and sensing perceiving. So how do you study these fine books and recordings expanding on the work of Keirsey and Bates to inspire you to write creatively about your own childhood, defiant behavior, an employer’s response, or a spouse’s reason for behaving that way?
According to Dr. Keirsey’s book, Please Understand Me and Dr. Eve Delunas’s book and recordings, Survival Games Personalities Play, a child's defiant behavior is paradoxical and tactical. It's a paradoxical response to a paradoxical situation.
If you want to understand why your child's behavior is making you sick, look at what's the payoff of the child's (or spouse's) symptoms. Look at the effect of your child's symptoms on yourself. How do you feel when your child acts up or acts out? What you feel tells you what your child needs most and wants first. Use these insights to write creatively as a healing tool.
According to Dr. Delunas’s book and recordings (depending upon the individual’s particular personality or temperament, different unconscious survival games may be used to react to different situations).
If you feel angry, your child's (or spouse's) payoff is power. If you feel annoyed, frustrated, or tense, your child's (or spouse's) payoff is attention (achieving rapport). If you feel injured or hurt, your spouse is out for revenge. If you feel hopeless, your child, or spouse wants exemption (getting out of a duty/burden, a release from the never ending responsibility, because this person's whole life is about duty and responsibility foremost.) you react by giving up.
Look at the effect another individual’s behavior has on you as you interact with each person or character in a book or video. This idea originated with the psychoanalyst, Adler. Basically, how you feel tells you what your child, or spouse is trying to achieve.
You might also find helpful my book, How to Start, Teach, & Franchise a Creative Genealogy Writing Class or Club: The Craft of Producing Salable Living Legacies, Celebrations of Life, Genealogy Periodicals, Family Newsletters, Time Capsules, Biographies, Fiction, Memoirs, Ethno-Plays, Skits, Monologues, Autobiographies, Events, Reunion Publications, or Gift Books. Or see, the book, Writing 7-Minute Inspirational Life Experience Vignettes: Create and Link 1,500-Word True Stories by Anne Hart (Jun 9, 2004) or see my book with sample play, Ethno-Playography: How to Create Salable Ethnographic Plays, Monologues, & Skits from Life Stories, Social Issues. Check out the slideshow on Examiner.com of 49 of Hart's 91 paperback book covers.
Also please subscribe (free) to my various nutrition, health, or cultural media columns such as the Sacramento Nutrition Examiner column, Sacramento Healthy Trends Examiner column, Sacramento Holistic Family Health Examiner, Sacramento Media & Culture Examiner column, and my national columns: National Senior Health Examiner column, National Children's Nutrition Examiner column, and National Healthy Trends Examiner column.
Follow Anne Hart's various Examiner articles on nutrition, health, and culture on this Facebook site and/or this Twitter site. Also see some of Anne Hart's 91 paperback books at: iUniverse, and Career Press. Or see the author's website. Please follow my columns on Pinterest or Pinterest Sacramento Nutrition Examiner.
For more info: please browse my books, How Nutrigenomics Fights Childhood Type 2 Diabetes & Weight Issues (2009). Or see my books, How to Safely Tailor Your Foods, Medicines, & Cosmetics to Your Genes (2003), How to Open DNA-driven Genealogy Reporting & Interpreting Businesses. (2007), or Do You Have the Aptitude & Personality to Be A Popular Author: Creative Writing Assessments - IUniverse. (2009). Neurotechnology with Culinary Memoirs (2009). There also are available Hart's numerous paperback novels and some books also are available as E-books. Check out the slideshow on Examiner.com of 49 of Hart's 91 paperback book covers.