The United Kingdom, also known as Britain, is a sovereign state that is located on the north-west coast of continental Europe. The United Kingdom (U.K.) is made up of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. The U.K. is an island nation that is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean. The weather in this section of the world is known to be cold and rainy, but summers can be sunny and warm.
The United Kingdom is governed by a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. The United Kingdom was a massive empire in the 19th and 20th centuries and it is the homeland of the Industrial Revolution. At present, the United Kingdom is the world’s sixth largest economy by GDP and eight largest by purchasing power parity. The national anthem is “God Save the Queen.”
Overall, the United Kingdom encompasses 94,060 square miles of land. The population is 63,705,000, the quality of life is quite high (considering that the U.K. is a first world country) and the national currency is the British Pound. The national language is English and people drive on the left hand side of the road.
Below is a list of five things that are associated with the United Kingdom:
London is the capitol city of England and it is the most populated region of the United Kingdom. London is home to an estimated 8,308,369 people. It was settled by Romans in 43 AD and currently encompasses 606.95 square miles.
The Industrial Revolution
London, England, was home to the Industrial Revolution, a time period from 1760 to about 1840 that saw a rapid increase in the manufacturing processes in factories. The Industrial Revolution made machinery more productive and therefore it was easier for companies to produce goods en masse. The effects of the Industrial Revolution impacted mostly all aspects of London life throughout the 1800s and even today many of the concepts developed during this time are used by mass producers.
The Royal Family
England still has a royal family that, although they have no real political power, are treated like celebrities in the British (and world) media. The Royal Family are direct descendants of actual kings and queens and they still reside at Buckingham Palace—which has made the location very attractive to tourists.
The highlands of Scotland are famous for their beautiful lush mountains that are covered with green grass. With scenery that looks more like Ireland than the British lowlands, the Scottish Highlands have become a desirable destination for nature tourists. The Scottish Highlands are known for its beauty and it is also considered to be an extremely remote and unspoiled location. Only 232,000 people live in the large area!
Fish and Chips
Fish and chips (translated to “fish and French fries” in American terminology) is a famous English dish. Served hot, the meal consists of fries (“chips,” in British terminology) and battered fish (usually cod or haddock). The food is deep fried so it is easy to make, quick to prepare and the ingredients are cheap. It is usually purchased as take away food.