Jamaica is an island nation situated below the United States. An island surrounded by the Caribbean Sea, Jamaica is renowned for its beautiful lush landscape and mostly pleasant tropical weather. Jamaica encompasses a total of 4,240 square miles and has a population of 2,889,187. Its currency is the Jamaican dollar and its national anthem is “Jamaica, Land We Love.” The largest city is Kingston and the official language is English—although the national language is “Jamaica Patois,” a mix of English and creole with West African influences.
Hundreds of years ago Jamaica was under ownership of Spain and, in 1655, it came under the control of England. Jamaica did not gain independence from the United Kingdom until 1962. Most of the Jamaican population (over 70%) consists of the ancestors of African slaves. Although Jamaica is a beautiful island with many offerings for tourists, it also has serious problems with crime and poverty. Many of the social and economic problems of the island are discussed in music. In fact, Jamaica is famous for its music called “reggae” and steel drum bands.
Below is a list of five things that are associated with Jamaica: