Australia is a large island nation, surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, located towards the south of the globe that makes up the mainland of the Australian continent. Australia is the world’s sixth largest country by land mass since it encompasses a total of 2,969,907 square miles. At present, Australia’s population is 23,436,115, the national language is English and the quality of life is high (it is actually one of the wealthiest countries in the world). The capitol city is Canberra and the biggest city is Sydney. The Australian dollar is the national currency. The national anthem is “Advance Australia Fair.”
Australia became a British Settlement in the late 18th century but there had been natives (now called “indigenous Australians”) on the island for at least 40,000 years before the arrival of Europeans. These indigenous people made up many different tribes and spoke many different languages. Today, Australia still has a substantial population of aboriginal peoples, many of whom upkeep their traditions and cultures.
Australia is also extremely famous for the many rare and exotic creatures that are native to its lands…and are not found anywhere else on earth! Kangaroos and koala bears are the most well-known authentically Australian creatures but the island teems with various life forms and beautiful natural scenery. Thus, Australia is a popular destination for tourists.
Below is a list of five things associated with Australia:
Koala bears are creatures that are native only to Australia. Koala bears are marsupials, they eat eucalyptus tree leaves, are excellent climbers, and are known to be very docile.
Kangaroos are animals that are native only to Australia. They are marsupials, which means that they carry their babies (called “joeys”) in pouches on their bellies. Kangaroos hop instead of run and are synonymous with all things Australian!
The Sydney Opera House
The Sydney Opera House is a gorgeous building in Sydney, Australia. Opened in 1973, the building is regaled for its beautiful expressionist style of architecture that makes it look like a work of abstract sculptural art.
Uluru is a beautiful red rock located in the desert of Australia. With a total elevation of 2,831 feet, the rock is a site to behold that has made it an extremely popular stop for tourists. The Anangu native people consider the rock to be sacred.
The Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef system in the world. It is composed of over 2,900 individual reefs that are located in the Coral Sea which is situated off the coast of Queensland, Australia. The entire reef covers an area of about 133,000 square miles!