Volcanoes are rectangular-like mounds emerging from the earth that are frequently described as “openings” or “ruptures” in the crust of the earth. Volcanoes are fascinating—and dangerous—natural formations that can occasionally rupture and spew lava (that then forms into large rock) in the areas where they are located. When a volcano erupts it is extremely dangerous for any living creatures near it since lava, volcanic ash, and the released gases can all harm living things.
There are many different kinds of volcanos and some are “inactive” (meaning that they will not erupt and are therefore harmless) and “active” volcanos (those that are expected to erupt one day and must be watched carefully to ensure the safety of surrounding communities). Volcanic eruptions have proven to be deadly disasters for many places—in 7A.D. the entire Ancient Roman civilization Pompeii was eradicated by a volcanic eruption! Some ancient civilizations were so terrified of volcanoes that they sacrificed people to them believing that the sacrifices would please the Gods and, therefore, the volcano would not erupt.
Volcanos are most frequently found on the earth’s land surfaces but there are also volcanos under the sea and even on other planets! Saturn, Jupiter, and Neptune all have volcanoes on their surfaces and some of them have magmatic activity that is similar to the activity of earth volcanoes.
Volcanoes are unusual and interesting natural formations and their eruptions are often re-created in a very minimalistic way by kids for science projects. Although most people consider volcanoes to be largely dormant and unlikely to erupt, there are still active volcanoes in the world that are expected to one day bring forth lava and some areas where lava flows continuously!
Below is a list of five places that have volcanoes within their territories.