There are many types of landscaping options that are available to homeowners and business properties. One of the options that should be considered is xeriscaping. This type of landscaping is one that benefits both the owner of the property and the environment. It is able to utilize plants in such a way that it reduces the amount of water that is necessary to keep them growing and even thriving. Xeriscaping also reduces the impact of landscaping on the environment because it minimizes the amount of water that is being used.
Xeriscaping is a type of landscaping which was developed in the early 1980s in Denver Colorado. It came about as a result of a prolonged drought and water restrictions, which were causing many of the urban landscapes to die. The city began to promote this new type of landscaping, which eventually became known as xeriscaping. Xeriscape, which is a combination of the Greek word xeros (dry) and the source word, landscape, is easy to maintain and remains beautiful, even when the water supply is limited. If you would like to get started with this type of landscaping, here are some tips which can help to make it a success. (Source: Xeriscaping Tips From Tamate)
Select the Plants: Choosing the proper plants will help to improve the possibility that your xeriscaping project will be a success. The plants are often determined by the area in which they are planted and the other factors which will be considered, such as the water source and the type of soil. In order to reduce the options to the best available, have the soil tested professionally.
Water the Plants: Although xeriscaping does reduce the amount of water that is necessary to keep the area thriving, it is a basic necessity of this landscaping technique. Depending upon the type of soil in the area and the type of plants that are used, the amount of water may differ from one project to another. If you have a source of natural water, be sure to use it to the fullest extent possible. You can also provide artificial irrigation through a hose end or automated sprinkler system. You may also wish to harvest any rainfall in your area and direct it to the xeriscape rather than allowing it simply flow down the drain. (Source: http://home.howstuffworks.com/lawn-garden/professional-landscaping/alternative-methods/xeriscaping3.htm)
Use Mulch: When mulch is used properly, it can help the soil to retain water and can add beauty to the overall project. Inorganic mulch is preferred by some, such as stones or lava rock. Organic mulch is also beneficial, such as pine peelings or bark mulch. If you're going use organic mulch, be sure that you replace it on a regular basis to avoid rot, which could be damaging to the area.
Maintaining the Project: Although xeriscaping does minimize the amount of maintenance that is necessary, it should not be overlooked altogether. Grooming the plants on a regular basis and checking the water levels can help this type of landscaping to thrive for the long term.