Wisdom teeth are the final molars that grow in at the very back of your mouth. Some people never have any grow in, while others can have between 1 and 4. They usually come in during adolescence, teen years or early adulthood, though as a teen you will most likely either get them or not. Additionally, not everyone has them pulled, but there are many reasons why your dentist might want to extract them. If you have been asked to get them pulled, here are some things to know about this type of tooth extraction at Mulholland Dental Care.
Reasons to Get Wisdom Teeth Extracted
First of all, it helps to know the reasons why you might need to get your wisdom teeth extracted. The first and most common reason is due to infection. If your wisdom teeth get infected, you will need to have them pulled. With other molars, you can get a root canal or antibiotics or other treatments, but there isn’t much reason to treat a wisdom tooth without just pulling it. Another reason is if they are impacted and not able to break through your gums properly. This usually happens if your jaw is not big enough to support the wisdom teeth, causing you pain or discomfort. Additionally, the wisdom teeth might grow in at an awkward angle, pushing at the other teeth and either causing pain or pressure, or causing your other teeth to start shifting in response.
Before you have your wisdom teeth removed, your dentist is going to give you anesthesia. You may have either a local anesthetic or general anesthetic. Local anesthetic is used if you are only getting one tooth removed or if you don’t have anxiety about oral surgery. For multiple extractions, long and complicated procedures or patients who prefer to be unconscious, general anesthesia is also available. You are asked not to eat or drink after midnight of the night before surgery due to the anesthesia.
The wisdom teeth extraction is slightly more involved than removing another one of your molars. Because it is in the back of your mouth, it may be near a nerve, which requires more precise surgery. The gum tissue is opened with a small incision in order to remove any bone that is covering the wisdom tooth. Then the tissue connecting the tooth and bone is removed, and finally the tooth is removed either as a whole, or in smaller pieces.
After the dentist removes the tooth, he or she will stitch the area which are dissolved over time. A gauze is placed over the incision site to help slow the bleeding and keep the blood clot in place. You are given very specific instructions for caring for the incision after having your wisdom teeth removed. This includes not drinking out of a straw or smoking cigarettes, since it can dislodge the clot and cause a very painful condition called dry socket. You will be instructed to have liquids and soft foods, and keep the area clean to prevent infection.
If you need a dentist, Woodland Hills has good competent ones that are waiting to take care of you and your dental needs.