Skip to main content
  1. Life
  2. Neighborhoods
  3. Places & Faces

William Bibb began his political career in Georgia before moving to Alabama

See also

William Wyatt Bibb was born in Amelia County, Virginia on October 2, 1781. His family later moved to Georgia. After primary school, William attended the College of William and Mary and then studied medicine at the University of Pennsylvania where he was awarded his M.D. degree in 1801. Following graduation, William established a medical practice in Petersburg, Elbert County, Georgia. In 1803, Dr. Bibb married Mary Freeman.

William Bibb’s political career began when he was elected to Georgia’s House of Representative where he served from 1803 to 1805. When Thomas Spalding resigned his congressional seat in the Ninth US Congress, Bibb was elected to replace him. A member of the Democratic-Republican Party, he was reelected four times and served until November 6, 1813. Bibb then moved from the House to the US Senate to fill the Georgia vacancy created by the resignation of William H. Crawford. Here he served until November 9, 1816.

When the Alabama Territory was formed in 1817, President James Monroe appointed Bibb as the territorial governor. On December 14, 1819, Alabama became a state. Bibb now ran against Marmaduke Williams to be governor and won the election, receiving 8,342 votes to Williams’ 7,140. During the election, the major bone of contention was the “Georgia Faction.” Those who supported Williams felt Bibb used autocratic powers in an effort to name Cahawba as the state’s capital. They also felt Bibb did not represent the interests of the common people of Alabama.

Following his inaguration, Bibb went to work establishing the young state’s government. Alabama’s capital was originally set up in Huntsville. In 1820, it was moved to Cahawba. Six years later it was Tuscaloosa’s turn and in 1846, the capital was moved one more time to Montgomery. It was also during Bibb’s tenure that the Supreme Court of Alabama, along with the state’s militia were organized.

In 1820, Bibb suffered a fall from his horse and died from a resulting kidney injury on July 10th. Prior to his death, Bibb had dealt with constant pain due to tuberculosis. At the time of William’s death, his brother Thomas was president of the Alabama Senate. As President of the Senate, Thomas stepped in and completed William’s term of office. Governor William Bibb was laid to rest in Elmore County. In 1921, his likeness was placed on the reverse of the Alabama centennial half dollar.



  • Transgender cop
    A transgender police officer is stepping down from her position to run for office
    Political Office
  • Easter eggs
    Craft delicate, hand-painted eggs with flowers and other designs celebrating spring
    Easter Eggs
  • Subway message
    Subway customer finds 'Big Mama' written on her order
    Subway Message
  • Working from home
    Working from home can be an exciting venture. Get tips to ensure productivity
    Get Tips
  • Limes
    Rising cost of limes could be putting the squeeze on your favorite restaurant
    Expensive Limes
  • Pope Francis
    Religion: Pope Francis instructs how to fight against Satan
    Morning Mass

User login

Log in
Sign in with your email and password. Or reset your password.
Write for us
Interested in becoming an Examiner and sharing your experience and passion? We're always looking for quality writers. Find out more about and apply today!