Much of the eschatology (study of last things) related to the coming ("presence" from parousia) of Christ, the kingdom of God and end of the world (age) focus on the teaching that Yashua (Jesus) Christ will one day return to this earth in the literal city of Al Quds (Jerusalem) and sit on a literal throne to reign on earth.
The Doctrine of Demons
The above is the doctrine of Satan. There are several reasons why Yashua, the Christ will not and cannot reign on earth, according to the Bible.
First, a prophecy in Jeremiah makes it impossible for him to do so. Secondly, a kingdom on earth is a rejection of the rule of God. Thirdly, it is the offer Satan made to Christ after his 40 days of temptation. Finally, Christ was promised a seat at the right hand of God. Let's take each of these in order.
The Curse of Coniah
According to Jeremiah 22:24-30, no man who was of the seed of David (of the tribe of Judah) could prosper on David's throne ruling in Judah.
"Thus says the Lord: 'Write this man down as childless, a man who shall not prosper in his days; for none of his descendants shall prosper, sitting on the throne of David and ruling any more in Judah". (v. 30). Jerusalem is in Judah. Yashua (Jesus) is the descendant of David according to the flesh. He was from the tribe of Judah. No man of David's seed could prosper sitting on David's throne and ruling in Judah.
This means that Christ cannot return to Jerusalem to sit on a literal throne. For the full details of this see my extended blog post which addresses points and counter points. http://www.allthingsfulfilled.com/curse-jeconiah-lifted-revisiting-reversing-refuting/
Earthly Kingdom is a Rejection of God's Reign
The first offer of an earthly kingdom occurred during the days of Samuel. The people came to him and asked him to give them a king so they could be like all the other nations around them. Israel, rather than being a light to the nations, had succumbed to peer pressure. They wanted to be like the nations who worshiped and served idols by having a king on earth. In those days, kings were usually view as gods.
For this reason, God tells Samuel not to weep. He said, they had not rejected Samuel, but they had rejected "Me" that I should not reign over them. (1 Sam. 8:1-8) Yet, God gave them a king and warned them of the consequences. Some of the darkest days of Israel's existence were the times of their kings.
God later spoke to them saying, I will be your King; Where is any other, that he may save you in all your cities? And your judges to whom you said, 'Give me a king and princes'? "I gave you a king in My anger, and took him away in My wrath." Hos. 13:10-11. That was God's judgment on giving Israel an earthly king. Note he said He was their King, but they rejected him by demanding a king on earth.
Satan Offers Yashua A Kingdom on Earth
Satan, in probably the biggest insult to Jesus as he knew the Scriptures regarding Israel's request for a king, decided to tempt Yashua during his state of weakness following the temptation.
"Again the devil took Him up on an exceedingly high mountain, and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory. And he said to Him, 'All these things I will give You if You will fall down and worship me." (Matt. 4:8-9)
Observe that Satan doesn't offer simply one kingdom in Jerusalem. He offers all the kingdoms of the world to the Lord. Satan offered Yashua the "New World Order!", long before George H. W. Bush ever conceived the idea. It is of Satanic origin. The Devil offered all the kingdoms of the world. Yashua refused.
On another occasion the Jews offered a mini-version of Satan's offer. They tried to take Jesus by force and make him a king on earth. He refused. (Jn. 6:15)
Later, he told Pilate that his kingdom was not of this world, but that if it were of this world, he would defend himself and not be delivered to the Jews, (Jn 18;36). If Jesus' kingdom were a physical kingdom on earth, it would not be a kingdom of aggression as advocated by Christian Zionists. Rather, it would be a kingdom with a defense doctrine. It would protect itself from intruders and land stealers, colonizers and murderers.
Christ Promised A Seat At God's Right Hand
According to Psalms 110:1-4, David prophesied Christ would have a kingdom in the heavens. "The Lord said to My Lord, Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool. The Lord shall send the rod of Your strength out of Zion. Rule in the midst of your enemies!...The Lord has sworn and will not relent, "You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek."
David's prophecy is quoted in Acts chapter 2:30-36. He said that God promised to raise up a seed from his own body to sit upon his throne. Peter quotes Psa 110 saying that what it means is that God would raise up Christ to sit at his right hand in the heavens. Then he makes clear that David had not ascended into the heavens, but said, the prophecy referred to Israel's Messiah.
Christ would be a priest after the order of Melchizedek, who was both king and priest. Yashua was of the tribe of Judah according to the flesh. He could not inherit the throne on earth. Also, he could not be a priest on earth because the Levitical priesthood yet offered sacrifices according to the Law. (Heb. 8:1-4)
Christ Rules from Heavenly Zion
Finally, Christ would rule from Zion. John Hagee teaches that Zion here is earthly Jerusalem in the land of Palestine. However, he confuses readers of the Bible. There are "two" Zions in the Scriptures, one earthly and one heavenly. The earthly Zion was destroyed in 70 A.D. when Rome burned the temple to the ground. (Luke 21:20-22, 32).
It is clear from above that Yahshua returned to the heavens to sit at God's right hand. Romans 11:27 says at Yahshua's parousia (presence) but often translated coming to mean his second coming, will come out of Zion. This is the heavenly Zion of Gal. 4:26; Heb. 12:22; Rev. 15:1, 21:1-2. Will Jesus rule on a literal throne in Jerusalem. Never.