Because domestic cats in nature are solitary hunters, they have been labeled by many as being aloof, independent and anti-social. But nothing could be further from the truth.
Cats are extremely social creatures and do not like living without feline companionship. Even free roaming cats (lost, abandoned or born feral) form cat communities/colonies and live in small groups.
This leads us to the reasons why you should have more than one feline member of your family:
The pluses of multiple cats
Cats that have a feline companion are more socially well adjusted. They also tend to have fewer behavior problems related to social skills such as predatory aggression (biting of hands and other appendages), scratching, hissing, hiding and overall shyness.
Destructive behaviors, such as scratching on furniture, getting into cabinets, chewing on wires, etc., due to boredom and attention seeking are less common when a cat has a feline buddy.
Cats that have a feline playmate to help keep them active will have less of a tendency to be overweight and so can avoid the related health issues of feline obesity.
When you are gone at work all day or are traveling, the cats will have each other for company. Cats take comfort in having another feline in the home; they do not have to sleep together and groom each other to enjoy knowing one another are there.
Studies have shown that cats living with another cat are healthier and happier physically, mentally and psychologically and so your cat will likely remain more youthful and playful well into their senior years with the benefit of a feline companion.
You get the added benefit of not having to be the sole provider of entertainment and companionship for a single cat. You also get double the loving, attention and companionship yourself!
The negatives of single cats
Solo cats are typically less socialized and tend to be more aggressive to strangers they encounter.
Cats need mental stimulation throughout the day, to keep them happy and healthy. Without the interaction of another cat, studies have shown that animals living alone have smaller brains.
It is more common for people to return an adopted cat due to behavior problems when only one cat was adopted versus two.
If there comes a time when they are faced with another cat (because you decide to get another cat later, or they end up in another home with cats or in a shelter) they do not know what to do with the cat as they have lost touch with their species. Cats in this situation have a hard time adjusting and if in a shelter may be deemed unadoptable.
In Switzerland, an anti-cruelty law was passed that requires people that are adopting or buying a dog or cat to acquire two since it is the nature of the animal to have company of its own kind.
How advanced is that? Let’s all take a tip from the Swiss and adopt at least two cats!