West Canada Creek cascades over successive falls forming Trenton Falls. At one time Trenton Falls rivaled Niagara Falls as a major tourist destination. The falls were called ‘Kauy-a-hoo-ra’ (Leaping Water) by the Mohawk Indians.
There are Upper High Falls, Lower High Falls, Village Falls, Cascade of Alhambra, Sherman Falls, Bridal Veil Falls and Mill Dam Falls. Below Trenton Falls is Class II swift water with 28 miles of paddling for whitewater boating. Starting at Dover Road Bridge in Trenton Falls ending in Herkimer. Downstream near Middleville. River is an alternate put-in. West Canada River water levels are normally sufficient for whitewater boating all year with releases from Hinckley Reservoir . Water level raises and drops rapidly for a worthwhile whitewater experience. Several impressive large waterfalls are closed to kayaking.
West Canada Creek extends 76 miles in upstate New York. It provides drainage from the southern portion of the Adirondack Mountains into Mohawk River near the village of Herkimer. West Canada Creek is a premier location for fishing in the northeast. From Trenton Falls Bridge on West Canada Creek to Cincinnati Creek is a year round designated fly-fishing area.
Trenton Falls Scenic Trail provides an opportunity for enjoying the splendors of nature with local history. There are two types of trails with a primary stone dust trail leading from the parking area to the Trenton Falls Hydro Dam overlook. The trail is about one mile long with a secondary wood mulch trail leading to scenic views along the gorge.
Hinckley Reservoir is five miles north east of Trenton Falls. This man-made lake on West Canada Creek is upstream of Prospect Gorge. It provides drinking water for 130,000 inhabitants in the Utica area and regulates Barge Canal water level.
Hinckley Reservoir has a small hydro generation plant, named in honor of Gregory B. Jarvis. The two-turbine generator power plant generates 9,000 kW. Gregory B. Jarvis was a payload specialist from Mohawk Valley who died aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger accident in 1986.
The village of Poland is 7 miles down stream of Trenton Falls at 675’ elevation. It is 16 miles north of Herkimer at the junction of route 8 and route 28. First settled around 1800, the town currently has population of 508.
Utica is a city in Mohawk Valley with a population of 62,235. The New York State Thruway and Erie Canal pass through the northern part of Utica. Iroquois Indians used a nearby shallow spot for crossing the Mohawk River. Europeans settled it in 1773, finding the location ideal for a settlement.
Trenton Falls are 15 miles north of Utica NY and over a 2 hour drive of 147 miles from Rochester NY. Drive east on I-90 to Utica drive north exit 31.
Trenton Falls is a great place to celebrate the outdoors within a 2-hour drive. Pack a picnic lunch, don’t forget your camera and bring a fishing pole if you like. What better way to enjoy our glorious summer weather?