Skin care is one of the most important steps in a beauty regimen, but what good is skin care if you are using the wrong products for your skin type? Here’s a guess: none! Even if you follow the most rigid of routines, using the most expensive products known to man, you can still end up with not-so-healthy skin. The first step to setting your skin care routine is defining your skin type: Oily, Normal/Combination, or Dry.
Oily skin is characterized by excessive oil or shininess all over the face. You will notice large pores on the face as well as thick skin texture. People with oily skin are also prone to breakouts and blemishes. If you find yourself with this skin type, it is best to stick to water-activated gels to cleanse the skin, followed by an alcohol-free astringent to remove residue and kill bacteria. Lastly, follow with an oil-free moisture lotion. It may seem redundant to use lotion when your skin is already oily; but your skin is producing excess oil to balance the internal pH level. Adding moisture to that equation helps to eliminate the excess oil your skin feels like it needs to produce. Deep cleansing for oily skin should be done twice a week with an exfoliating scrub and clay mask.
Normal/Combination skin is characterized by occasional shine in the T-zone area, but a consistent smooth and firm skin texture. Occasional dryness can occur around the eyes, mouth, cheeks and throat. If blemishes do occur, they are located in the T zone area and are not chronic. Skin care for this type includes a foaming gel or water-based cleanser to cleanse the skin. An astringent (oil and bacteria remover) or toner (skin hydrator) can be used complete the cleansing step. Moisture should be added to the skin in the form of an oil-free lotion or cream. Deep cleanse with an exfoliating scrub and a clay mask two times a week. If you have any excessively dry areas, use a night cream to hydrate and protect them.
Dry skin is characterized by rough, flaky skin. The skin is very thin and has a dull appearance. Dry skin care focuses on hydration and should include a lubricating, creamy cleanser. Follow it up with a toner to help hydrate the skin and remove any residue. A day and night cream can be used to enrich the skin and add moisture. Deep cleansing should include a hydrating mask and a gentle exfoliator twice a week.
Now that summer is over and the weather is getting cooler, you may experience a change in skin type and need to switch your routine up. Pay attention to what your skin is telling you and do what works best for your type!