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What you need to know about your thyroid gland

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One of the areas of the human body that many women know little about is the thyroid gland yet; this little gland can cause so many different symptoms if it is not functioning properly. The thyroid gland can be found in the neck and is butterfly shaped. The thyroid gland is a person’s wellbeing. If these hormones are not regulated they will produce a host of symptoms.

Weight

A sudden fluctuation in your weight is one of the most common symptoms of a malfunctioning thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism well occur when too many hormones are release and this condition causes unexpected weight gain. On the other hand, hyperthyroidism will cause quick and unanticipated weight loss.

Swelling of the neck

Swelling of the neck can be a sign of either hyper or hypothyroidism. The swelling of the neck is called a goiter. The swelling can also indicate a mass in the neck or cancer of the thyroid. Sometimes the condition is present; but, there is no sign of a goiter. However, should swelling in the neck occur, it is important to see the doctor for a proper diagnosis.

Change in heart rate

The thyroid gland affects the functioning of every organ. It can affect blood pressure and heart rate. A person with hyperthyroidism can have a rapid heart rate while someone with hypothyroidism may have a heart rate which has slowed down. One can also have heart palpations a feeling of pounding in the heart because of a malfunctioning thyroid gland.

Tired and moody

Hypothyroidism can cause you to feel overly tired, sluggish, and even depressed, while the condition of hyperthyroidism may make you jittery, anxious, irritable, and cause problems for sleeping.

Hair loss

You may experience hair loss with both conditions; fortunately, the hair will eventually grow back when the thyroid condition has been corrected.

A thyroid condition tampers with your body thermostat. If you tend to be cold when no one else is that can be a symptom of hypothyroidism, if you are hot all the time hyperthyroidism may be underlying cause.

Hypothyroidism

A low release of the hormone may cause itchy skin, constipation, brittle nails, tingling, and numbness in the hands. It may also affect your menstrual cycle.

Hyperthyroidism

This condition can cause vision problems, diarrhea, menstrual issues, trembling and weakened muscles.

Sometimes menopause is suspected when the thyroid is the culprit. Fortunately, a blood test can determine which condition is occurring.

Prevalence

A thyroid condition affects more women than men. It usually affects women over the age of 60 or can run in families.

Hashimoto’s disorder

Hashimoto’s disorder is an autoimmune condition which attacks the thyroid gland damaging it and affecting the level of hormone production. This condition tends to run in families.

Pituitary gland

The pituitary gland found at the base of the neck may affect the thyroid. This gland produces a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) which gets the thyroid gland to produce its hormone. If TSH is not produced in the right quantity the thyroid gland in turn will not produce enough hormones.

Grave’s disease

Grave’s disease is also an autoimmune disease that can cause the thyroid gland to produce too much hormones resulting in swelling behind the eyes.

Inflammation of thyroid gland and certain medications can also affect its production of hormones.

Thyroid complications

According to WebMD,” When left untreated, hypothyroidism can raise your cholesterol levels and make you more likely to have a stroke or heart attack. In severe cases, very low levels of thyroid hormones can trigger a loss of consciousness and life-threatening drop in body temperature. Untreated hyperthyroidism can cause serious heart problems and brittle bones.”

A thyroid condition will be regulated with medication which a person will have to stake for the rest of their lives.

Surgery is recommended only when the medicine does not control the condition. It is also recommend for nodules on the thyroid gland. Even with surgery the patient will probably have to stay on medication for a very long time.

WebMD goes on to say, “Thyroid cancer is uncommon and is among the least deadly. The main symptom is a lump or swelling in the neck, and only about 5% of thyroid nodules turn out to be cancerous. When thyroid cancer is diagnosed, it is most often treated with surgery followed by radioactive iodine therapy or, in some cases, external radiation therapy. ”

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