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What happens when a product labeled made in the USA was manufactured elsewhere?

A company that provides a “Made in USA” certification seal to marketers has agreed to settle Federal Trade Commission charges that it deceived consumers by allowing companies to use the seal without either independently verifying that those companies’ products were made in the United States, or disclosing that the companies had certified themselves. The company claimed to evaluate "made in USA" claims, but instead relied on companies to self certify that products met a certain standarad.The company, Made in USA Brand, LLC, is required under the proposed settlement to stop its deceptive claims. The FTC’s Enforcement Policy Statement on U.S.-Origin Claims provides that products advertised or labeled as “Made in the USA” must be “all or virtually all” made in the United States. Made in the USA Brand, LLC charges companies to use its certification mark and to be listed in a database of “certified” companies that comply with the FTC’s standard, according to the July 22, 2014 Federal Trade Commission news release, "Made in USA Brand, LLC Agrees to Drop Deceptive Certification Claims."

What happens when a product labeled made in the USA was manufactured elsewhere?
What happens when a product labeled made in the USA was manufactured elsewhere?Photo by Adam Berry/Getty Images

The Columbus, Ohio-based Made in the USA Brand, LLC charged $250 to $2,000 for a one-year license to use the certification mark, according to the FTC. But the company did not independently evaluate the products before certifying them, and had no procedures to determine whether marketers complied with the FTC’s Made in USA standard, according to the complaint.

In fact, the FTC charged that Made in the USA Brand has never rejected a company’s application to use its Certification Mark or terminated a company’s use of the mark. Instead, Made in the USA Brand, LLC awarded licenses to any company that self-certified that it was complying with the FTC’s standard.

Seals based on claims are difficult to verify by consumers

“Seals can be very helpful when consumers purchase products based on claims that are difficult to verify – like the Made-in-the-USA claim,” said Jessica Rich, according to the July 22, 2014 news release, "Made in USA Brand, LLC Agrees to Drop Deceptive Certification Claims." Rich is Director of the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection. “When marketers provide seals without any verification, or without telling consumers the seal is unverified, consumers are deceived and the value of all marketers’ seals is diminished. This case makes it clear that the FTC will not let that happen.”

In a promotional flyer, Made in the USA Brand, LLC claimed:

“The Made in USA Brand Certification Mark provides a standard symbol for Made in USA product identification . . . When printed on labels by accredited manufacturers, consumers are able to identify at a glance which products are
made in the USA.”

“The Certification Mark is available to be downloaded by U.S. businesses that meet the accreditation standards based on the Federal Trade Commission’s regulations for complying with Made in USA origin claims.”

According to the complaint, Made in the USA Brand, LLC:

  • falsely advertised that it independently and objectively evaluated whether certified products met its accreditation standard.
  • made false or unsupported claims that companies listed in its database as certified marketers were in fact selling products that complied with the FTC’s Made in USA standard.
  • provided the companies it licensed with the means to deceive consumers into believing that the companies were marketing products that were made in the United States.

Under the proposed administrative order, respondent Made in the USA Brand, LLC, is prohibited from:

  • claiming that any products or companies meet its certification standard unless it either conducts an independent and objective evaluation, or discloses on its logo and all its promotional materials that companies and products are self-certified.
  • claiming that any product is made in the USA or in any other country unless the claim is true and supported by competent and reliable evidence, or – if the certification mark is used –unless it discloses that companies and products are self-certified.
  • providing the companies it certifies with the means to deceive consumers.

The Commission vote to accept the consent agreement package containing the proposed consent order for public comment was 5-0.

The FTC will publish a description of the consent agreement in the Federal Register shortly. The agreement will be subject to public comment for 30 days, beginning today and continuing through August 22, 2014, after which the Commission will decide whether to make the proposed consent order final. Interested parties can submit written comments electronically or in paper form by following the instructions in “Supplementary Information” section of the Federal Register notice. Comments should be submitted electronically using the online form here.

Instructions for submitting comments in paper form are listed in the “Accessibility” portion of the form.

The Commission issues an administrative complaint when it has “reason to believe” that the law has been or is being violated, and it appears to the Commission that a proceeding is in the public interest. When the Commission issues a consent order on a final basis, it carries the force of law with respect to future actions. Each violation of such an order may result in a civil penalty of up to $16,000.

The Federal Trade Commission works for consumers to prevent fraudulent, deceptive, and unfair business practices and to provide information to help spot, stop, and avoid them. To file a complaint in English or Spanish, visit the FTC’s online Complaint Assistant or call the phone number listed for filing complaints: The phone number is listed on the FTC's website. The FTC enters complaints into Consumer Sentinel, a secure, online database available to more than 2,000 civil and criminal law enforcement agencies in the U.S. and abroad. The FTC’s website provides free information on a variety of consumer topics.