Meteorological events that happened on September 9th:
Today is the latest day of the year in which no snow has been recorded at Cheyenne, WY. Snow has been recorded in Cheyenne on every remaining day of the year from September 9 through the end of the year.
The Independence Hurricane slammed into Halifax, Nova Scotia Canada. Many ships were sunk and buildings demolished. 4,000 people died in what is considered to be Canada's deadliest hurricane disaster.
New England experienced its most significant tornado outbreak in history in terms of widespread destruction. Warm & muggy conditions were in place to setup a major severe weather event, similar the conditions that produced the deadly Worcester, MA tornado in June 1953. The Great New Hampshire Tornado produced a 23 mile path across Sullivan and Merrimack Counties, killing six people, easily making this the most deadly tornado in the history of New Hampshire.
A hurricane that formed east of the Antilles moved north and then northward toward New Jersey. The storm came within 150 miles of Atlantic City, NJ before becoming nearly stationary for 4 days. The storm, one of the greatest storms to affect the shore and ocean, then turned to the southwest toward Norfolk, VA, and dissipated. Atlantic City measured a gust to 100 mph on the 10th. At Philadelphia, PA, rain began on the 10th. This began a period of 12 consecutive days of measurable rain, with a final total of 3.70 inches. Another sudden and damaging storm surge hit Long Island, NY and the Jersey shore during the evening on the 10th, following the 1st surge that hit on the 8th. The storm was located south of Cape Cod and east of Norfolk, VA, when the surge moved in. Considerable hurricane damage occurred along the Atlantic coast, as well as shipwrecks with loss of life. 29 ships were sunk in the Delaware Bay, killing at least 31 sailors. Officially, 40 lives were lost attributed to this hurricane.
300 lives were lost mostly in ships near Key West, where winds were reported at 110 mph as a violent hurricane caused considerable damage. Brick structures had walls blown out and large vessels were torn from their moorings and blown on banks. A tornado destroyed six buildings and damaged 19, injuring six people at Goulds in Dade County. This hurricane killed hundreds more on its track to south Texas. The final death toll of over 600 was mostly in ships at seas.
224 people were killed as a weakening tropical depression dumped 38.2 inches of rain at Thrall, TX. Of that total, 36.4 inches fell in just 18 hours.
The "Great Atlantic Hurricane" ravaged the east coast. The storm killed 22 people and caused $63 million dollars damage in the Chesapeake Bay area, then besieged New England killing 390 people and causing another $100 million dollars damage.
Extremely dangerous Category 4 Hurricane Donna was taking aim on the Florida Keys for the first of her four U.S. landfalls. On this date, Donnas’ winds peaked at 150 mph with a minimum central pressure of 934 millibars or 27.58 inHg.
Hurricane Dora, the first storm of hurricane intensity to cross into northeast Florida from the Atlantic in 80 years of recordkeeping, moved inland over St. Augustine early on the 10th. St. Augustine was in the eye of the storm and recorded a sea level pressure of 966 millibars or 28.52 inHg. Dora produced sustained winds of around 100 mph, and abnormally high tides to almost all coastal points north of Daytona Beach. Highest sustained winds, from the southwest, and estimated at 125 mph were reported at St. Augustine. Sustained winds of 82 mph were recorded in Jacksonville, and this was the first time in Weather Bureau history that winds of full hurricane force have been observed in Jacksonville. Storm tides reached 12 feet at St. Augustine and ranged between 5 and l0 feet above normal north of Daytona Beach. Wind and tide damage was extensive along the Atlantic coast north of St. Augustine. High winds in the Jacksonville area caused a massive utilities failure. Agriculture sustained considerable damage because of the flooding throughout north Florida. One death and 8 injuries were reported from Dora.
One day after striking extreme southern Florida, Hurricane Betsy struck southeastern Louisiana, with the eye crossing Grand Isle. Tremendous damage was reported along the coast from the point of landfall east to Mobile, AL. New Orleans, LA was flooded when power to its elaborate pumping stations was knocked out. 58 people died in Louisiana. Betsy became the first billion dollar hurricane with losses totaling $1.4 billion dollars.
Hurricane Ginger formed, and remained a hurricane until October 5th. The 27.25 day life span remains the longest on record for any hurricane in the Atlantic basin. The overall record is Hurricane John in the eastern Pacific in 1994; lasting 31 days.
Record rains that started on this day and ended on the 12th came from Tropical Storm Kathleen (called a 160+ year event by Meteorologists). 14.76 inches fell on south slopes of Mt. San Gorgonio, 10.13 inches at Mt. Laguna, 8 inches at Mt. San Jacinto, Over 4 inches in the Little San Bernardino Mountains, and 1.8 to 2.8 inches in the Coachella Valley. Deep Canyon (above La Quinta) recorded 2.96 inches in three hours on the 10th. Rainfall in the Santa Rosa Mountains above the Coachella Valley was called the “heaviest in recorded history.” Six were buried and killed in sand in Ocotillo. Floods of record were attained at numerous streams around the Coachella Valley. This occurred during the El Niño of 1976-77. Hurricane Kathleen also brought the southwest the highest sustained winds ever associated with an eastern Pacific tropical cyclone with sustained winds of 57 mph at Yuma the next day.
The U.S. Coast Guard began the first of 122 search and rescue efforts as a sudden, early season gale swept through the albacore tuna fleet, which was 80 miles offshore Washington and Oregon. Six boats sank and two people perished. One fisherman floated for 22 hours in a survival suit before rescued.
On this date through the 10th, strong winds blasted through east central South Dakota, leaving in its wake damaged crops, hundreds of downed trees, broken windows, damaged roofs and buildings, downed power poles, and damaged vehicles. Gusts of up to 75 mph in Huron moved a semi trailer one-half block into a truck. Standing crops of corn, beans, and sunflowers suffered extensive damage in many areas with losses up to 50% reported.
Thunderstorms in West Texas spawned four tornadoes in the vicinity of Lubbock, and produced baseball size hail and wind gusts to 81 mph at Ropesville. Thunderstorms produced hail two inches in diameter at Downs, KS and Harvard, NE, breaking car windows.
Florence became a hurricane and headed for the Central Gulf Coast. Florence made landfall early the next morning, passing over New Orleans, LA with winds gusting to 61 mph. Wind gusts to 80 mph was recorded at an oil rig south of the Chandeleur Islands. Total property damage from Florence was estimated at $2.5 million dollars.
The first snow of the season began to whiten the mountains of Wyoming early in the morning, as for two days a moist and unusually cold storm system affected the state. By the morning of the 11th, a foot of snow covered the ground at Burgess Junction.
Thunderstorms developing along a cold front crossing the Ohio Valley produced severe weather in Indiana during the late afternoon and early evening hours. Strong thunderstorm winds blew down a tent at Palestine injuring seven people, and frequent lightning interrupted the Purdue and Miami of Ohio football game, clearing the stands.
Birmingham, AL recorded an afternoon high of 99°. This was their 32nd consecutive day with readings of 90° or higher, which broke the previous record of 31 days set in 1954.
The temperature rose from 67° at 5:02am to 97° by 5:17am at Glasgow, MT. The heat burst was short-lived as the temperature dropped back to 68 degrees 23 minutes later.
Hurricane John became extratropical in the north central Pacific Ocean, ending its 31-day life span as a tropical cyclone, the longest lived storm on record.
6.62 inches of rain fell at Nimes, France in six hours. Their average September rainfall is 2.56 inches. In the town of Orange 2.68 inches fell in six hours, with 1.81 inches falling in just one hour. Their average September rainfall is 3.47 inches. The storms responsible for the wet weather killed 20 people in southeastern France where some mountain regions reported close to two feet of rain.
The dew point temperature at McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, NV hit 75°. This tied their all-time record also set on 8/14/1984 and on 8/30/2013.
Western and central New York was inundated by drenching rains as the remnants of hurricane Frances drifted north. Area-wide rainfall totaled 3 to 5 inches with the bulk of it falling in a 6 to 9 hour period from very late on this date into the next day. At least one person was killed.
Across the border, heavy rains of close to 4 inches over southern Quebec Canada. Local rainfall amounts included: 3.78 inches fell at L'Assomption, 3.90 inches in St-Jovite and 3.94 inches at High Falls.
Nome, AK reached a high temperature of 62°, which tied the high temperature record for the date and represented the third day during the month that a high temperature record was either tied or broken.
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