Listed are Meteorological events that happened on September 3rd:
A powerful hurricane made landfall near Swansboro, NC. Damage was extensive at Onslow with great loss of life.
A hurricane made landfall at Long Island, near Kennedy Airport, then moved through western Connecticut. The estimated Category 3 hurricane raised the water level at the Battery to 13 feet above normal. The East River and Hudson Rivers reportedly merged, inundating Manhattan to Canal Street. A similar storm today is a worst case scenario for preparedness officials. A similar storm striking Manhattan today would result in incredible destruction and loss of life.
The temperature at Lunenberg, Nova Scotia Canada soared to 90° as a month-long drought continued.
On this date through the 4th, there was extensive property damage on Florida’s east coast from Vero Beach to West Palm Beach due to a landfalling hurricane. A few houses were destroyed and a number blown off their blocks. More than four million boxes of citrus were blown from the trees statewide. The property loss ran into the millions. Two deaths were attributed to storm.
A late summer heat ridge off the Carolina coast brought record heat from the Ohio Valley to the Northeast. The temperature at Erie PA reached 99°, and Stroudsburg PA established a monthly record for September with a reading of 106°.
Huntington, WV: 102°, Harrisburg, PA: 102°, Williamsport, PA: 102°, Cleveland, OH: 101°, Charleston, WV: 101°, Lexington, KY: 100°, Detroit, MI: 100°, Wilmington, DE: 100°, Avoca, PA: 100°, Philadelphia, PA: 100°, Albany, NY: 100°, Chattanooga, TN: 99°, Akron, OH: 99°, Cincinnati, OH: 99°, Columbus, OH: 99°, Allentown, PA: 99°, Rochester, NY: 99°, Louisville, KY: 99°-Tied, Paducah, KY: 98°, Toledo, OH: 98°, Alpena, MI: 98°, Washington, D.C.: 98°, Buffalo, NY: 98°, Chicago, IL: 97°, Mansfield, OH: 97°, Flint, MI: 97°, Elkins, WV: 97°, Syracuse, NY: 97°, Pittsburgh, PA: 96°, Binghamton, NY: 96°, Hartford, CT: 96°, Lynchburg, VA: 96°-Tied, Oak Ridge, TN: 95°, Youngstown, OH: 95°, Grand Rapids, MI: 95°, Beckley, WV: 95°, Muskegon, MI: 94°, Atlantic City, NJ: 94°, Newark, NJ: 94°, Marquette, MI: 92°, Ste. St. Marie, MI: 92° and New York (LaGuardia Airport), NY: 92°.
Denver, CO received 4.2 inches of snow, their earliest date of first snow, trace or measurable of the season. Laramie, WY recorded about a half inch of snow, while to the west near Centennial, WY, 3 inches of snow fell. Along with the snow was record cold temperatures including: Lander, WY: 29°, Colorado Springs, CO: 32°, Denver, CO: 33°, Sheridan, WY: 33°, Clayton, NM: 37°, Salt Lake City, UT: 39°, Grand Junction, CO: 43°, Albuquerque, NM: 47°, Amarillo, TX: 47° and Midland-Odessa, TX: 56°.
A huge hail and windstorm affected the Texas Panhandle. Winds gusted over 100 mph and golfball size hail fell over a large area. One hailstone measured 11 inches in diameter. Crop damage was extensive.
A severe thunderstorm at Coffeyville, KS dropped the largest hailstone ever measured in the U.S. The hailstone had a diameter of 5.7 inches, a circumference of 17.5 inches, and weighed 1.67 pounds. It was the largest measured hailstone in United States weather records up until 6/22/2003, when a larger stone was reported at Aurora. NE.
Hurricane Hyacinth moved as far west as 125 degrees west latitude before recurving to the northeast. The remnants made landfall between Los Angeles and San Diego, CA with winds of 25 mph and rainfall of up to one inch in the mountains from this day through 9/6. This tropical cyclone holds the distinction of traveling the farthest west before recurving and making landfall in Southern California. This occurred during the El Niño of 1972-73. Only 0.44 inches was measured at San Diego.
A strong Canadian air mass brought an early taste of Autumn extending the Plains to the Great Lakes & Ohio Valley. The earliest freeze on record in Sioux Falls, SD recorded their earliest freeze on record when they dropped to 31°. Other record lows included:
North Platte, NE: 26°, St. Cloud, MN: 27°, Bismarck, ND: 28°, Valentine, NE: 30°, Aberdeen, SD: 31°, Huron, SD: 31°, Duluth, MN: 32°, Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN: 32°, Scottsbluff, NE: 32°, Rochester, MN: 33°, Grand Forks, ND: 33°, Ste. St. Marie, MI: 33°, Goodland, KS: 34°, Grand Island, NE: 34°, Norfolk, NE: 34°, Omaha, NE: 34°, Lincoln, NE: 35°, Waterloo, IA: 36°, Rapid City, SD: 36°, Sioux City, IA: 37°, Des Moines, IA: 40°, Concordia, KS: 40°, Dubuque, IA: 41°, Springfield, MO: 41° (the second of five straight record lows), Columbia, MO: 43°, Moline, IL: 43°, Peoria, IL: 43°, Milwaukee, WI: 44°, Kansas City, MO: 45°, St. Louis, MO: 45°, Amarillo, TX: 46°, Wichita, KS: 46°, Oklahoma City, OK: 47°, Tulsa, OK: 47°, Chicago, IL: 47°, Lubbock, TX: 48°, Evansville, IN: 48°, Abilene, TX: 52°, Wichita Falls, TX: 52°, San Angelo, TX: 54°, Little Rock, AR: 54°-Tied, Midland-Odessa, TX: 55°, Shreveport, LA: 57°, Del Rio, TX: 58°, Austin, TX: 59°, Dallas, TX: 60°, San Antonio, TX: 61°, Beaumont-Port Arthur: 61°-Tied, Austin-Bergstrom: 63°-Tied and Galveston, TX: 65°.
Hurricane David made landfall about 20 miles south of Melbourne, FL with 90 mph winds. It was the first hurricane to strike the Cape Canaveral area since the hurricane of 1926, but there was debate among longtime residents whether Tides were 3 to 5 feet above normal near the eye track and l to 2 feet above normal elsewhere on the Florida east coast. Light to moderate beach erosion occurred along most of the coast. Severe erosion was reported in Brevard County and south Volusia County. Agricultural losses were substantial, exceeding $25 million dollars. The principal citrus damage was near the coastline, from Jupiter in Martin County to Oak Hill in Volusia County. Nursery plants sustained considerable damage. Storm rainfall was quite variable with totals mostly 6 to 9 inches near the track of the eye, with a few reports to 11 inches. Elsewhere, rainfall was less than 5 inches. No deaths reported in Florida. Nine tornados were reported along the coast doing mostly minor damage and causing no serious injuries. The strongest of David's tornadoes destroyed or damaged about 50 trailers in Melbourne Beach, severely damaged a condominium, and did $l.5 million dollars damage to a shopping center.
Temperatures dipped into the 40s and 50s for morning lows across much of the eastern half of the country, with many cities reporting record lows for the date. Pellston, MI tied Gunnison, CO for honors as the cold spot in the nation with a low of 30°. Other record lows included: Marquette, MI: 33°, Ste. St. Marie, MI: 33°-Tied, Youngstown, OH: 40°, Knoxville, TN: 50°, Oak Ridge, TN: 50°, Jackson, KY: 54°, Meridian, MS: 54°, Waco, TX: 59°, Houston, TX: 60°, Beaumont-Port Arthur: 61°-Tied, Lake Charles, LA: 63°, Austin-Bergstrom: 63°-Tied and New Orleans, LA: 67°-Tied.
Many cities in the northwestern U.S. reported record high temperatures for the date; including Redding, CA with 116° and Stampede Pass, WA with 89°; both records for September. Highs of 100° at Yakima, WA and 98° at Spokane, WA and equaled their September records.
Other daily record highs included: Medford, OR: 106°, Reno, NV: 100°, Burns, OR: 97°-Tied, Portland, OR: 93° and Seattle, WA: 92°.
Thunderstorms developing ahead of a cold front produced severe weather from Minnesota to Nebraska during the day and evening. Evening thunderstorms in Nebraska produced wind gusts to 100 mph at Valentine and Gretna, and produced baseball size hail at Lewellen. Thunderstorms in Arizona produced 2.20 inches of rain in 40 minutes at Green Valley, and wind gusts to 60 mph.
Several cities in Texas and Florida reported record high temperatures for the date, including Victoria, TX: 102°, San Antonio TX: 102°, Brownsville, TX: 98°-Tied and Pensacola, FL: 94°-Tied.
At Swan Quarter, NC, five people took shelter from a thunderstorm under a wooden pier. One person was killed and four were hurt when the lightning hit the pier.
Hurricane Earl made landfall during the early morning hours near Panama City, FL as a category 1 storm with maximum sustained winds near 80 mph. The cyclone brought drought breaking rains to Georgia and the Carolinas.
A prolonged summer drought in southern Illinois gradually worsened, becoming severe by early September. Many parts of southern Illinois received little measurable rainfall since July. The main effect of the drought was on agriculture. Crop loss estimates totaled around $53 million dollars. The corn crop, which was especially susceptible to the combined effects of heat and drought, took the biggest hit. A few outdoor fires broke out, including a 20-acre blaze in Saline County, several miles west of Eldorado. The remnants of Tropical Storm Isidore provided much-needed heavy rainfall late in September. One to 3 inches of rain fell over most of southern Illinois from this storm, which greatly eased the drought.
Key West, FL set a record high of 95°. This was the first occurrence of a 95° or higher reading since 7/3 & 7/4/1957.
Beginning the previous day, Tropical Storm Talas raced across Japan. The Kii peninsula south of Osaka received the most damage with a record breaking rainfall of up to 70 inches in some places. Rainfall in Totsukawa measured 23.29 inches, the highest for a single day in the area. Talas became Japan's worst in 20 years as the number of dead and missing reaches 100.
Bartlesville, OK soared to a high of 110°; establishing a record high for the date, a September record and a record for the hottest so late in the season.
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