Meteorological events that happened on September 29th:
Albuquerque, NM recorded a 24 rainfall record when 2.25 inches fell.
A major hurricane struck Cedar Key, FL, inundating the keys with a 10 foot storm surge. Headlines read, "Cedar Key Crushed," and "Town Almost Wiped Out." Famous for its cedar trees, the Keys featured several major pencil manufacturers that were wiped out by the storm. Moving rapidly to the north-northeast then north, the cyclone passed west of the Washington, D.C. area bringing wing gusts in excess of 60 mph.
A severe category 4 hurricane struck southeastern Louisiana and produced winds to 140 mph in Terrebone Parish. The pressure dropped to 952 millibars or 28.11 inHg. 90% of the buildings were destroyed in the parish. 275 people were killed and $13 million dollars in damage was done.
The world record for a 3 minute rainfall total was set in Haughton Grove, Jamaica where 1.75 inches of rain fell.
An outbreak of tornadoes from Oklahoma to Indiana caused 81 deaths and $25 million dollars damage. A tornado, possibly two, cut an 8-mile long path across St. Louis, MO to Granite City, IL killing 72 people, injuring 550 more and causing $22 million dollars in damage. The F4 tornado tore apart 200 city blocks of St. Louis, MO. The damage path at times was a mile and a quarter wide. The storm followed a similar path to tornadoes which struck in 1871, 1896, and 1959.
A tornado hit Charleston, SC at 8am and did $2 million dollars in damage. A total of five tornadoes hit the city between 6:45am and 9am, killing 32 people. One of the tornadoes passed from James Island, over the Ashley River, to just west of the Fort Sumter Hotel, causing extensive damage on Market & Broad Streets.
Hurricane Gracie made landfall near Beaufort, SC with a central pressure around 950 millibars or 28.05 inHg. Beaufort recorded sustained winds of 97 mph with a peak gust to 138 mph. 10 people were killed in South Carolina and Georgia. As a weakening Gracie moved through the Mid Atlantic area on the 30th, she spawned an F3 tornado at Ivy, VA which killed 11 people.
Two people drowned when a huge wave knocked them into the water at the l63rd Street Beach at Miami, FL.
An early season winter storm produced 28 inches of snow at Colorado Springs, CO.
Mobile, AL was inundated with 16.85 inches of rain during the overnight hours into the morning of the 30th as Tropical Storm Debbie neared the Gulf Coast. The flooding resulted in $25 million in damage in the Mobile area.
The Indian state of Orissa was struck by a powerful cyclone that produced a tidal wave off the Bay of Bengal. 10,000 people died.
Thunderstorms struck the central and southern San Joaquin Valley in California with up to 2.5 inches of rain in some areas. Dramatic lightning displays were seen along with hail the size of marbles. Lightning knocked out power to several thousand customers and also struck two F106 airplanes causing slight damage. The heavy rain also caused structural damage and flooded homes, business and streets.
Heavy rains began in central and eastern Arizona which culminated in the worst flood in the history of the state. 8 to 10 inches of rain caused severe flooding in southeastern Arizona which resulted in 13 deaths and $178 million dollars damage. President Reagan declared 8 counties of Arizona disaster areas.
A hailstorm at Sydney, Australia destroyed most local crops with golf ball-sized hail.
Denver, CO had a morning low of 17°, which set a record low temperature for the month of September. The afternoon high of 29° set the all-time record low maximum for the month. Grand Island, NE received 2 inches of snow their earliest snow on record.
Other record lows included: West Yellowstone, MT: 3°, Wisdom, MT: 3°, Livingston, MT: 10°, Butte, MT: 10°, Red Lodge, MT: 11°, Dillon, MT: 11°, Boulder, MT: 11°, Valentine, MT: 14°, Cheyenne, WY: 14°, Bozeman, MT: 15°, Joliet, MT: 18°, Cut Bank, MT: 18°, Helena, MT: 19°, Kalispell, MT: 19°, Pocatello, ID: 19°, Sheridan, WY: 20°, Missoula, MT: 20°, Great Falls, MT: 21°, Havre, MT: 21°, Colorado Springs, CO: 22°, Lander, WY: 23°, Columbus, MT: 24°, Spokane, WA: 24°, Yakima, WA: 24° Billings, MT: 26°, Clayton, NM: 26°, Pueblo, CO: 27°, Olympia, WA: 30°-Tied, Lewiston, ID: 31°-Tied, Amarillo, TX: 32°-Tied and Grand Junction, CO: 33°.
Severe thunderstorms moved across central Illinois, causing damage along a 55 mile path. Two tornadoes occurred, but most of the damage was caused by high winds. Hundreds of structures were damaged or destroyed, including a large microwave tower near Lexington. Total damage was around $4.2 million dollars.
A week of violent weather began in Oklahoma which culminated in one of the worst flooding events in the history of the state. A series of microbursts occurred from southwest Oklahoma City to Del City, OK damaging 17 businesses and 127 homes, resulting in more than $1 million dollars in damage. Thunderstorms produced 4 to 7 inches of rain from Hobart to Ponca City, OK and another round of thunderstorms that evening produced 7 to 10 inches of rain in north central and northeastern sections of the state.
A 25 yard wide F1 tornado moved southeast off of Lake Ontario and literally looped back onshore and around the house between Lyndonville and Shadigee, NY and then swirled back to Lake Ontario.
A slow moving cold front produced rain from the Great Lakes Region to the Central Gulf Coast. A late afternoon thunderstorm produced wind gusts to 62 mph at Buffalo, NY.
Warm weather continued in the western U.S. Redding, CA set a record high with 102°. Other record highs included: Medford, OR: 96°, Portland, OR: 89°, Eugene, OR: 86°-Tied, Astoria, OR: 84°, Quillayute, WA: 81° and Seattle, WA: 79°.
High pressure brought freezing temperatures to parts of Vermont and New York State. Binghamton, NY set a record low of 34°. The high pressure system also brought cold weather to the Central Rocky Mountain Region. Alamosa, CO reported a record low of 18° and Gunnison, CO was the cold spot in the nation with a morning low of 5°.
Many cities in the Northern Plateau and Northern Plains region reported record high temperatures for the date including: Phoenix, AZ: 106°, Miles City, MT: 94°, Boise, ID: 92°, Sheridan, WY: 91°, Grass Range, MT: 90°, Townsend, MT: 90°, Valentine, MT: 90°, Grand Junction, CO: 89°, Billings, MT: 89° and Pocatello, ID: 89°. The high of 100° at Tucson, AZ marked their 51st record high of the year, and their 92nd day of 100 degree weather.
Snow began in Caribou, ME during the evening ending early the next morning with 2.5 inches accumulating.
Strong winds as high as 56 mph and heavy rain hit parts of southern and eastern Quebec leaving almost a quarter of a million residents without power. New maximum hourly winds speed records are recorded at both Dorval and Gaspe. The hardest hit region was the Richelieu Valley, south of Montreal, but winds also cause blackouts north of Montreal.
Several waterspouts were observed on Lake Michigan. One was about 5 miles offshore of Holland, MI while another was sighted just offshore of Saugatuck, MI. This waterspout approached the coast and may have come onshore, but no damage was reported.
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