Meteorological events that happened on September 27th:
A black frost over most of New England killed un-ripened corn in the north resulting in a year of famine. This happened in association in “the year without a summer”.
The Pensacola-Mobile Hurricane made landfall in Alabama with a pressure of 977 millibars or 28.84 inHg, but caused tremendous damage in the Pensacola area in Florida. The storm surge was close to 10 feet. The entire waterfront was inundated; train service in and out of the city was completely paralyzed. Muskogee Wharf, belonging to the L&N Railroad Co., was broken in two in the middle, and the tracks on either side of the Main Creek were washed away, including 38 coal cars. The greatest damage was along east Main Street, the south side of which was completely washed away. 34 people were killed at Pensacola. This was the worst storm to hit the area in 170 years.
Snowflakes flew across parts of Lower Michigan as temperatures fall to the lower 30s and only rose into the 40s during the day. Fort Wayne, IN reported a trace of snow on this date and two days prior. These dates remain the only two September snowfalls on record at that location.
The low temperature of 43° in Las Vegas, NV sets their all-time coolest September reading.
The U.S. Weather Bureau's station on Swan Island in the western Caribbean was destroyed as Hurricane Janet passed very close to the island. Winds gusts were estimated to have reached 200 mph. Janet made landfall at Chetumal, Mexico early on the 28th where winds were sustained at 175 mph and the pressure dropped to 914 millibars or 27.00 inHg. Over 500 people were killed and damage exceeded $40 million.
Hurricane Flossie formed in the Gulf of Mexico moved northeast into the Florida panhandle then crossed the southeastern states as a tropical storm, exiting at Cape Hatteras, NC. The Delaware Breakwater measured a gust to 70 mph.
Hurricane Helene passed just off the North Carolina coast. Wilmington had sustained winds of 88 mph with a peak gust of 135 mph, a record and recorded 8.29 inches of rain. Cape Fear was battered by sustained winds of 125 mph with gusts to 155 mph. This was a near miss however as the eye remained about 20 miles offshore and thus the tides were not excessive. Total damage was $11 million dollars.
A tornado 440 yards in width traveled 20 miles from near Hollow, OK to western Cherokee County in Kansas. Although a strong tornado, it was very slow moving, and gave a tremendous warning roar, and as a result no one was killed.
Extreme cold covered the Yukon Territory with temperatures as low as -17°, shattering the previous low temperature records for the month.
A lightning caused grass fire burned 25,000 acres northwest of Reliance, SD during the evening hours. At its peak, the fire was four miles wide by ten miles long.
Tropical Storm Isidore made landfall near West Palm Beach during the morning hours. From there it moved slowly to near Orlando in the evening, then recurved to the northeast and crossed over Jacksonville and out to sea the next day. The highest wind gust was 73 mph near St. Augustine. Rainfall of 5 to 7 inches in north Florida caused local flooding.
Heavy snow fell across parts of the Plains and Colorado Foothills. Snowfall totals ranged from 2 to 5 inches across the Plains with up to a foot in the higher elevations in the Foothills. The main problem caused by the storm was thousands of power outages caused by snapped tree limbs falling on power lines. Some cars were damaged by falling trees and limbs. The snow also caused flight delays at Denver where just over 5 inches of snow fell. The high temperature the next day in Denver only managed to make it to 34°, a record low maximum for the date and equaled the all-time September record up to that time.
Hurricane Gloria, a much media-hyped hurricane for the time, passed over the Hatteras Weather Service Office on the outer banks of North Carolina early on this day. A pressure of 947.5 millibars or 27.98 inHg was recorded at the office. Gloria then raced north-northeastward and made landfall near Fire Island on Long Island, NY and then crossed the Connecticut coastline very close to Bridgeport. Wind gusts exceeded 115 mph on Long Island. Winds gusted to 109 mph at Chatham, MA and to 100 mph on top of Blue Hill in Milton, MA. While passing the Delmarva, 80% of the boardwalk at Ocean City, MD was destroyed and Philadelphia, PA reported a wind gust of 52 mph. The tide at the Cape May Ferry Terminal tide gage located along the Cape May Canal near the outlet to Delaware Bay, in New Jersey rose to a record 9.1feet above mean lower low water. Severe tidal flooding begins at 8.7 feet.18 fatalities occurred and total damage was around $1 billion dollars. Many people in Connecticut were without power for nearly 2 weeks.
A record early season snowstorm struck the central Rockies and the upper Plains region. The storm left up to 19 inches of snow along the Colorado Front Range and as much as a foot of snow in the Plains.
Residents of south central South Dakota received an early taste of winter as up to 18 inches of snow piled up in the Winner area. Most areas received 3 to 6 inches. Some snow amounts included 10 inches around Burke, 6 inches in Winner and 5 inches at Martin. The storm didn't cause very many travel problems, but greatly hampered the harvesting of the summer crops.
While those at the base of Mount Washington, NH enjoyed sunny skies and temperatures in the 70s, the top of the mountain was blanketed with 4.7 inches of snow, along with wind gusts to 99 mph, and a temperature of 13°.
Severe thunderstorms developed along a cold front in the south central U.S. A thunderstorm west of Noodle, TX produced golf ball size hail and wind gusts to 70 mph.
Tons of mud and rock were loosened by a week of heavy rain on Sugar Loaf Mountain near Medellin, Colombia South America. 60 homes were in the path of the ensuing mud slide, in which at least 183 people died.
Thunderstorms developing ahead of a cold front produced large hail in southeastern Wyoming during the afternoon, with tennis ball size hail reported at Cheyenne. Strong winds ushering the cold air into the north central U.S. gusted to 59 mph at Lander, WY.
Strong Canadian high pressure centered over lower Michigan was responsible for freezing temperatures across the Great Lakes Region and the Ohio Valley. Record lows included: Houghton Lake, MI: 21°, Marquette, MI: 25°, Alpena, MI: 25°, Ste. St. Marie, MI: 26°, Muskegon, MI: 27°, Grand Rapids, MI: 29°, Moline, IL: 33°, South Bend, IN: 34° and Jackson, KY: 43°.
Thunderstorms in the western U.S. produced wind gusts to 58 mph at Cody, WY and 50 mph at Salt Lake City, UT.
A microburst occurred and was centered about 4 miles north of Pratt in south central Kansas. The area extended 3 miles northwest through southwest with the greatest
damage at the Pratt airport. Five buildings had considerable damage, 7 with major damage and 18 had minor damage. Debris was carried for miles. A John Deere tractor had a 16 foot long 2 by 4 impaled into the engine compartment. The microburst also caused extensive damage to the Lake Arrowhead Resort area 5 miles southwest of Isabel in south central Kansas. Several boats were destroyed and part of a roof was taken off a cabin. A garage under construction was completely destroyed. There were also six, very large-mature cottonwood trees uprooted along with heavy damage to the remainder of the trees in the area.
Record heat prevailed across the western U.S. Los Angeles, CA soared to set their all-time record high of 113°.
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