Autumn arrives today at 4:44pm ET.
Meteorological events that happened on September 22nd:
The danger of sunburn is obvious when the sun is shining directly on you. But clouds, a beach umbrella, or water don't offer as much protection from the sun's harmful UV rays that cause sunburn and increase the risk of skin cancer as you might think. About 40% as much UV reaches shaded areas as in sunny areas. Thin clouds, on the other hand, allow up to 80% of the UV rays through. UV rays still maintain 80% of their strength even after penetrating one and one-half feet under water and maintain 70% to three feet under water.
A tornado struck Fernhill Heath, Hereford & Worcester and had a path a half to a mile wide, the widest path ever reported in Great Britain.
Father Benito Vines utilized his newly-established weather observation network across the Caribbean to issue an urgent hurricane forecast. He correctly predicted that a hurricane moving across the Caribbean would miss Puerto Rico but would strike Santiago, Cuba two days later.
A severe hailstorm struck Strawberry, AZ. Five days after the storm, hail still remained in drifts 12 to 18 inches deep.
Edmonton Alberta Canada experienced its greatest September snowstorm to date with: 8.7 inches.
A destructive hailstorm covered a path extending at least 209 miles from the west-south-west from Newport Gwent to Mundesley Norfolk in Great Britain.
A heat wave that started on the 18th and ended on this day preceded the arrival of a tropical storm called “El Cordonazo” in southern California. High temperature records of more than 95° occurred at San Diego each day, with the highest temperature reaching 106° on the 21st. It was 111° at Santa Ana on this day, the highest temperature on record for September, and the second highest temperature all-time. This also occurred the previous day on 9.21. Incredibly, 0.02 inch of rain fell on this second hottest day in history. Also on this date, the low temperature at Los Angeles was 84°, tying the highest minimum ever recorded. This also occurred on 9/30/1906.
A trace of snow fell at Denver, CO. This marked the start of their longest snow season on record at 263 days through 6/11/1947 when a trace of snow fell.
A Tropical Storm spawned three tornadoes in Hillsborough County in Florida during the afternoon and evening hours. Eight more tornadoes hit Marion and Duval Counties on the morning of the 23rd. In all, two injuries were reported but no fatalities.
Hurricane Esther made a near complete 350 mile circle south of Cape Cod, MA from the 21st to the 25th. The hurricane then passed over Cape Cod and hit Maine. Its energy was largely dominated over the Atlantic Ocean. However, heavy rains over Maine resulted in widespread local flooding of cellars, low roads, and underpasses.
Canadian high pressure brought record chill from the upper Midwest to the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley. Temperatures dropped below freezing for three consecutive nights damaging crops in areas. In Illinois, frost killed almost all of the soybean crop and 40% of the corn crop north of I-80. Total statewide damage was estimated between $200 and $400 million dollars.
Necedah and Mauston, WI recorded their coldest September temperatures on record with 18° and 20° respectively.
Other daily record lows included: St. Cloud, MN: 18°, Grand Forks, ND: 20°, Fargo, ND: 23°, Duluth, MN: 23°, Sioux Falls, SD: 24°, Rochester, MN: 24°, Madison, WI: 25°, Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN: 26°, Waterloo, IA: 26°, Green Bay, WI: 27°, Ste. St. Marie, MI: 28°, Toledo, OH: 29°, Detroit, MI: 30°, Dubuque, IA: 31°, Rockford, IL: 31°, La Crosse, WI: 32°, Milwaukee, WI: 32°, Moline, IL: 33°, Omaha, NE: 34°, Chicago, IL: 34°, Flint, MI: 34°, Grand Rapids, MI: 34°-Tied, Peoria, IL: 35°, Columbus, OH: 37°-Tied, Concordia, KS: 38° and St. Louis, MO: 40°.
Hurricane Eloise made landfall in the Florida panhandle with maximum sustained winds of 125 mph and a minimum central pressure of 955 millibars or 28.20 inHg. Panama City, FL reported a gust of 155 mph. Storm surge of 6 to 12 feet extended eastward to Port St. Joe, and tides 2 to 3 feet above normal were observed as far south as Tampa and Naples. The highest reported rainfall was 14.90 inches at Eglin AFB. Rainfall elsewhere to the west of the Apalachicola River ranged from 4 to 8 inches. Damage in northwest Florida was estimated at $150 million. About 20,000 people were evacuated in advance. Two weak tornadoes and several waterspouts were reported in the Panhandle. As the storm moved north, high winds and heavy rains led to power outages, damage and flooding. Parts of Alabama were without electricity for two weeks. The remnants moved through the Mid-Atlantic bringing flooding rains of 3 to 10 inches. Two miles south-southeast of Westminster, MD picked up 14.23 inches. The highest rainfall was a week before when Eloise passed north of Puerto Rico. Dos Bocas received 33.29 inches.
Many cities from the upper Plains, Ohio Valley to the deep south reported record cold temperatures including: Williston, ND: 19°, Bismarck, ND: 23°, Rapid City, SD: 26°, Valentine, NE: 30°, Goodland, KS: 30°, Elkins, WV: 32°-Tied, Springfield, IL: 33°, Topeka, KS: 34°, Evansville, IL: 36°, Nashville, TN: 36°, Oak Ridge, TN: 36°, Pittsburgh, PA: 37°, Jackson, KY: 38°, Knoxville, TN: 38°, Huntington, WV: 38°, Lexington, KY: 38°-Tied, Wichita, KS: 39°, Paducah, KY: 39°, Bristol, TN: 39°, Waco, TX: 40°, Louisville, KY: 40°, Kansas City, MO: 40°-Tied, Greenville-Spartanburg, SC: 40°-Tied, Jackson, MS: 41°, Meridian, MS: 41°, Little Rock, AR: 42°, Memphis, TN: 42°, Shreveport, LA: 43°, Chattanooga, TN: 43°, Atlanta, GA: 43°, San Angelo, TX: 44°, Montgomery, AL: 44°, Dallas, TX: 45°, Dallas (DFW), TX: 45°, San Antonio, TX: 46°, Baton Rouge, LA: 46°, Austin (Bergstrom), TX: 47°, Mobile, AL: 47°, Lake Charles, LA: 48°, Columbus, GA: 48°, Austin (Camp Mabry), TX: 49°, Houston, TX: 49°, Pensacola, FL: 49°, Victoria, TX: 51°, Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX: 53°, Del Rio, TX: 55°-Tied, Corpus Christi, TX: 56°, New Orleans, LA: 56° and Galveston, TX: 60°.
Birmingham, AL dropped to 39°, their earliest on record below 40°.
Hurricane Emily, the first hurricane to move through the Caribbean in nearly 6 years, made landfall over the Dominican Republic late in the day, packing 125 mph winds. Emily killed 3 people and caused $30 million dollars damage.
A record high of 92° at Miami, FL was their 5th in a row.
Thunderstorms developed on this date through the 23rd in parts of southern California courtesy of the remnants of Hurricane Norma. A half to an inch fell in just a few hours.
Frequent lightning caused power outages, property damage and ignited a few small fires.
An early morning thunderstorm produced baseball size hail at Plainview, in Hale County Texas. Late in the evening more thunderstorms in the Southern Plains Region produced wind gusts to 75 mph at Plainview and Crosby, TX.
After thrashing Puerto Rico several days before, Hurricane Hugo made landfall at Charleston, South Carolina before midnight. The hurricane rapidly intensified just prior to landfall at 934 millibars or 27.58 inHg with sustained winds of 135 mph. The biggest storm surge occurred in the McClellanville and Bulls Bay area of Charleston County, with 20.2 feet reported at Seewee Bay on top of astronomical high tides. Winds gusted to 110 mph at Shaw Air Force Base in Sumter even though the base is well inland. Hugo crossed into North Carolina, just west of Charlotte, at about 7am. Winds around Charlotte reached 69 mph with gusts to 99 mph. 80% of the power was knocked out to Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Property damage in North Carolina was $210 million dollars and damage to crops was $97 million dollars. Overall, 82 people were killed by Hugo and damage was estimated at $10 billion dollars, making it the most costliest hurricane in history until Hurricane Andrew in August 1992.
Strong northwesterly winds ushered unseasonably cold air into the north central U.S., in time for the official start of autumn. Squalls produced light snow in northern Wisconsin. Winds in Wisconsin gusted to 52 mph at Rhinelander.
Seattle, WA set a record high with 92°. This record marked the 10th time in history since records were kept that the mercury reached 90° or more on a September day. This is also the highest temperature ever reached for so late in a year.
A strong cold front pushed across the Midwest, bringing with it one of the earliest freezes on record. In Iowa, temperatures dipped to as low as 24° over the northwest and sub-freezing temperatures lasted nearly eight hours. Crop maturation was behind schedule so this freeze caused significant damage, with soybeans the hardest hit. About $195 million dollars worth of soybeans were lost. Drought had already taken its toll on the corn crop so the freeze did not aversely affect the corn too much.
Chicago, IL experienced their earliest freeze on record as the mercury dipped to 32°. The low of 29° tied the record low for the month of September at Dodge City, KS.
Further north, Jump River and Cashton, WI head their earliest measurable snowfall on record with 1.5 inches and 0.5 of an inch respectively.
Other daily record lows included: Rapid City, SD: 19°, Bismarck, ND: 20°, Aberdeen, SD: 20°, Valentine, NE: 23°, Fargo, ND: 23°-Tied, Huron, SD: 24°, North Platte, NE: 24°, Scottsbluff, NE: 24°, Grand Island, NE: 25°, Sioux City, IA: 25°, Norfolk, NE: 26°, Lincoln, NE: 27°, Concordia, KS: 29°, Goodland, KS: 30°-Tied, Omaha, NE: 31°, Topeka, KS: 31°, Des Moines, IA: 31°, Kansas City, MO: 31°, Dubuque, IA: 31°-Tied, Wichita, KS: 32°, Moline, IL: 32°, Columbia, MO: 33°, Springfield, MO: 33°, Fort Wayne, IN: 34°, Peoria, IL: 34°, Tulsa, OK: 37°, Indianapolis, IN: 37°-Tied, Columbus, OH: 37°-Tied, Amarillo, TX: 38°, Lubbock, TX: 40°, St. Louis, MO: 40°-Tied, Oklahoma City, OK: 41°, Midland-Odessa, TX: 42°, Abilene, TX: 44°, Wichita Falls, TX: 46°, El Paso, TX: 47°, Del Rio, TX: 48°, Austin (Camp Mabry), TX: 49°-Tied, Brownsville, TX: 55° and Corpus Christi, TX: 56°-Tied.
Hurricane Georges moved across Hispaniola killing over 580 people, mainly due to flash flooding and subsequent mud slides in high terrain regions. Damage estimates from the storm exceeded $1 billion dollars.
Heavy early season wet snow blanketed parts of the Rockies beginning the previous day. Snowfall totals included: Roscoe, MT: 18 inches, Red Lodge, MT: 12 inches, Story, MT: 10 inches, Joliet, MT: 8 inches, Billings, MT: 6 inches, Sheridan, WY: 4 inches and Cheyenne, WY: 1.2 inches with more to follow the next day. The snow broke tree limbs and downed power lines.
No rain fell at the Dallas/Ft. Worth Airport in Texas from July 1st through this date as Texas recorded its driest July and August on record.
0.03 inches of rain fell on this date at Oklahoma City, OK. This ended the longest streak of consecutive days without even a trace of rainfall at 54 days breaking the previous record of 39 days.
An unusually powerful storm system affected much of the central U.S. bringing an out of season and rare September outbreak of severe thunderstorms and tornadoes to portions of Missouri, Illinois, Arkansas and Kentucky. Supercell thunderstorms developed early Friday afternoon over portions of the Missouri and northern Arkansas, moving quickly eastward across the mid Mississippi valley leaving paths of damage, and in some cases destruction, in their wake as they spawned numerous tornadoes. In the National Weather Service Springfield area of responsibility one tornado touched down producing F1 intensity damage in the town of St. James in northeastern Phelps County.
A strong tornado, which contained peak winds near 160 mph, struck between Joppa and the Metropolis airport in extreme southern Illinois. The damage path started about a mile from the Ohio River, where F1 winds uprooted numerous trees. The tornado then strengthened to F3 intensity, destroying a log home. The roof and an exterior wall of the well-constructed log home were blown about a half mile. Four mobile homes were destroyed, along with other structures. Another tornado moved into far southwest Illinois from Missouri, where it had been at F4 intensity; it produced F2 damage across portions of Jackson County, with estimated winds around 150 mph. In northeast Illinois, a tornado briefly touched down on the Loyola University campus in Chicago, then moved onto Lake Michigan.
Severe thunderstorms developed across parts of the San Joaquin Valley in California during the afternoon and evening hours. Nickel size hail was reported with a storm 8 miles east of Hanford, CA. Another dropped dime size hail that covered a roadway in Squaw Valley along with some minor flooding. As many as eight waterspouts and countless more funnel clouds were seen in one hour along the coast of Orange and San Diego Counties. Two waterspouts came ashore. One at Cardiff blew over tents. Another came ashore at Newport Beach.
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