Meteorological events that happened on September 16th:
Larger hailstones, obviously, can do much more damage than small hailstones. A pea-size stone falls at around 22 mph while golf ball size hailstone falls a around 60 mph. By the time the hailstones are the size of baseball's they fall at 100 mph.
A hurricane stuck Indianola, TX killing 176 people. 75% of the town was swept away from the disastrous storm surge. The highest wind registered was 88 mph before the anemometer blew away.
Iowa's earliest measurable snow on record fell over western sections of the state. 4 to 6 inches was reported between Stuart and Avoca.
An F2 tornado struck Washington, D.C.; first touching down on the south side of the city then moving up Maryland Avenue. The National Museum and Botanical Gardens was damaged before the tornado lifted off the ground at the foot of Capitol Hill.
The San Felipe Hurricane, a monster cyclone with winds of 150 mph and a minimum central pressure of 929 millibars or 27.43 inHg killed 600 people in Guadeloupe, and left 300 more dead in Puerto Rico, struck West Palm Beach, FL causing tremendous damage. The high winds and waves broke the eastern earthen dike on the southern end of Lake Okeechobee, inundating the flat farmland. When the storm was over, the lake covered an area the size of the state of Delaware. At least 1836 migrant workers died in the flood,
making this the second deadliest U.S. hurricane on record. The only survivors were those who reached large hotels for safety, and a group of 50 people who got onto a raft to take their chances out in the middle of the lake. Damage totaled $25 million dollars. In response to this storm, dikes were built around the lake to prevent future tragedies.
The second major hurricane of the very busy season struck the North Carolina coast near New Bern with maximum sustained winds of 120 mph and a central pressure of 957 millibars or 28.26 inHg. 76 mph winds were reported at Cape Hatteras, NC. 21 people died and significant damage was reported in Virginia and Maryland. Damage was set at $1 million dollars. The Category 3 storm followed on the heels of the damaging Chesapeake–Potomac Hurricane, which struck the coast in late August.
Typhoon Sara killed 2,000 people in Japan and Korea. The 849 casualties in South Korea are the greatest inflicted by a typhoon in the nation's history.
Concord, NH recorded a morning low of 27°, making this the shortest growing season on record at just 100 days.
Rawlins, WY recorded their greatest daily precipitation on record as 2.06 inches of precipitation fell, including 14.5 inches of snow.
Hurricane Doria formed off Florida and moved northeast into the Atlantic. However, it reversed course and moved west to the lower Delmarva coast as a hurricane, then turned southwest, making landfall north of Cape Hatteras, NC as a tropical storm. This is a historic hurricane for two reasons. It was the 1st time on record that a tropical system made landfall north of Cape Hatteras, moving from the northeast. Also on this date, a noteworthy first occurred in satellite photography when Doria, Hurricane Chloe, southeast of Nova Scotia, Canada and Hurricane Beulah, about to move into Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula, were all photographed on the same orbital pass by ESSA 2.
Typhoon Sarah devastated Wake Island, roughly midway between Hawaii and Japan. 95% percent of the structures on the island sustained damage. Winds reached 105 mph with a minimum central pressure of 933 millibars or 27.55 inHg.
Record early season snowfall blanketed parts of the Rockies. Stapleton Airport at Denver, CO reported 15.6 inches with extensive damage to nearby areas to trees and utility lines. 12 of those inches fell on the 17th. Along with the snow record low temperatures were set at Denver on three consecutive days. Record lows were set on three consecutive days 31° on the 17th, 23° on the 18th and 20° on the 19th. Record low maximums were set on four consecutive days: 48° on this date, 35° on the 17th, 40° on the 18th and 42° on the 19th.
The remains of Tropical Storm Edourd began to produce torrential rains in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Port Isabel reported more than 21 inches.
Overnight rains soaked Bismarck, AR with 5.25 inches of rain. Malvern, AR reported up to four feet of water over several downtown streets, with water entering some homes and businesses.
Thunderstorms in Texas drenched Lufkin with 4.30 inches of rain in just 3 hours. Evening thunderstorms produced severe weather in Missouri. A small tornado near Kirksville lifted a barn 30 feet into the air and then demolished it.
Hurricane Gilbert made its final landfall near Las Pesca, Mexico, 125 miles south of Brownsville, TX. Sustained winds at landfall were 120 mph and the central pressure was 955 millibars or 28.20 inHg. Winds gusted to 61 mph at Brownsville, and reached 82 mph at South Padre Island. A 6 foot storm surge eroded 3 to 4 feet off beaches along the Lower Texas Coast, leaving the waterline 75 feet farther inland. Rainfall totals ranged up to 8.71 inches at Lamar, TX. Two F2 tornadoes touched down in San Antonio during the morning of the 17th. One tracked through Kelly Air Force base and did $28 million dollars in damage. Northeastern Mexico was hit very hard with 202 people killed and 60,000 homes destroyed. Total damage approached $2 billion dollars.
Showers and thunderstorms, from the remnants of Hurricane Octave, brought locally heavy rains to California, impeding the drying process for raisins and other crops.
The afternoon high of 107° in Phoenix, AZ marked a record 76 days with afternoon highs 105° or above.
At Central Park in New York City the temperature hit 90° for the 38th for the year to set a new record for number of 90 degree days in a year. The previous record was 37 days set in 1944.
Two weeks after Hurricane Fran lashed eastern North Carolina with torrential flooding rains and 115 mph winds, at least three damaging tornadoes spun through the same communities from severe thunderstorms.
Hurricane Floyd formed east of the Caribbean islands, then moved northwest past the Bahamas as a Category 4 cyclone. The storm recurved over coastal North Carolina, then weakened as it moved up the coast, becoming a tropical storm in the Delmarva. Floyd brought 6.63 inches of precipitation to Philadelphia, PA, setting a daily record. This is also the most precipitation received for any calendar day in September. The 6.77 inches received beginning on the 15th and ending on this date remains the 24 hour precipitation record for the month of September and for the entire record period. The north branch of the Raritan River, at Raritan, NJ, rose to a record 19 feet. Flood stage is 10 feet. The Main Stem of the Raritan River at Manville, NJ rose to a record 27.1 feet. Flood stage is 14 feet. The Millstone River at Blackwells Mills, NJ, rose to a record 21 feet. Flood stage is 9 feet. The east branch of Brandywine Creek at Downingtown, PA rose to a record 14.7 feet. Flood stage is 7 feet. The Brandywine Creek at Chadds Ford, PA rose to a record 24.6 feet. Flood stage is 8 feet. The Christina River at Coochs Bridge, New Castle County, Delaware, rose to a record 13.7 feet. Flood stage is 9 feet.
The record high of 95° at Denver, Co set three records:
1.) New record high for the date.
2.) The warmest reading for this late in the year.
3.) It marked the 60th day during the year the temperature reached 90° or above, tying the record set back in 1994.
Miles City, MT hit 100°, their latest 100 degree reading on record.
Residents of Calgary, Alberta Canada awoke to a late-summer snowstorm as just over an inch of wet snow covered the ground. In the Alberta Rockies, Jasper and Banff saw as much as 10 inches.
Ivan turned northward over cooler waters and made landfall in southern Alabama as a major hurricane with sustained winds of 130 mph and a minimum central pressure of 931 millibars or 27.49 inHg. Ivan moved northeast to the southern Chesapeake Bay region before moving back to the south-southwest over the coast southeastern U.S. as a depression. Ivan re-emerged in the Gulf of Mexico becoming a tropical storm well south of the eastern Louisiana coast on the 22nd. Ivan moved northwest making its final landfall as a tropical storm on the Texas/Louisiana border on the 24th. 121 people perished and damage was estimated at $18 billion dollars.
Birmingham, AL set two all-time records as the remnants of Hurricane Jeanne crossed the city:
1.) The lowest sea level pressure on record at 29.14 inHg.
2.) The greatest 24-hour rainfall event on record of 9.75 inches.
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