Meteorological events that happened on September 12th:
The highest tides on planet Earth occur near Wolfville, in Nova Scotia's Minas Basin. The water level at high tide can be as much as 52.5 feet higher than at low tide. The greatest difference between high and low tide ever recorded was at Burntcoat Head, Nova Scotia at 53.38 feet in the Bay of Fundy's Minas Basin.
The Independence Hurricane caught many fishing boats on the Grand Banks off Newfoundland Canada killing 4,000 seamen, most from Britain and Ireland.
Hot and dry winds caused tree foliage in eastern Kansas to wither and crumble.
The San Antonio River flooded, killing 51 people and causing millions of dollars in damages. The flood was caused by some of the heaviest rainfall ever recorded in Texas. A storm stalled over the town of Taylor and dumped an astounding 23.11 inches of rain on the area in less than a day.
The destroyer USS Warrington was sunk by the Great Atlantic Hurricane 300 miles east of Cape Canaveral, FL. 247 men were lost in the tragedy. The hurricane would pass just east of the North Carolina Outer Banks and make landfall on the east end of Long Island, then pass into Rhode Island. The Great Atlantic hurricane was significant because it was the first storm in which forecasters had regular aircraft reconnaissance reports available. The success convinced the military of the value of reconnaissance and the program continued and evolved to what it is today.
A hailstorm struck southern parts of Oklahoma City, OK. The storm damaged about 4,000 homes, 300 businesses, and 750 cars, resulting in a loss estimated at $987,000.
Hurricane Donna made landfall on Long Island, NY late on this date then tracked across New England. Winds were recorded to 140 mph at the Blue Hills Observatory at Milton, MA and 130 mph at Block Island, RI. A record tide of 6.1 feet was recorded at the Battery in New York but otherwise storm surge damage was minimal in New England. Fortunately, the landfall did not correspond with the time of high tides. Donna was the first hurricane to affect every point along the east coast from Key West, FL to Caribou, ME.
Maximum sustained winds with Typhoon Nancy in the Northwest Pacific were measured at over 210 mph. Meteorologists believe that the measurement was probably somewhat too high.
Another three inches of snow fell at Scottsbluff, NE bringing the early season snowfall total to 3.8 inches. Saratoga, WY received 4 inches of snow.
Thunderstorms deluged the Kansas City, MO area with torrential rains in the early morning hours and then again that evening. Some places were deluged with more than 6 inches of rain twice that day, with up to 18 inches of rain reported at Independence MO. Flooding claimed the lives of 25 people. The Country Club Plaza area was hardest hit. 2,000 vehicles were towed following the storm, the National Weather Service conducted an official investigation to find out why so many died and it was found that many people simply did not take the situation seriously despite timely warnings on the dangerous flash flood situation.
6 to 12 inches of rain in three days resulted in record flooding from Muskegon, MI to Saginaw, MI. The flooding was worsened by the collapse of several dams. 10 people were killed and damage estimates approached $500 million dollars.
Showers and thunderstorms produced heavy rain which caused flooding in North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia and Pennsylvania. Parts of Virginia received 3 to 4 inches of rain in just two hours early in the day. Later in the day, 3 to 5 inch rains deluged Cumberland County of south central Pennsylvania. Evening thunderstorms produced 7 inches of rain at Marysville, PA, most of which fell in just three hours.
Hurricane Gilbert scored a devastating hit on the island of Jamaica. Winds were sustained at 116 mph with gusts to 140 mph. 45 people were killed and damage exceeded $2 billion dollars. Despite 7,000 foot mountains, Gilbert didn't weaken at all and after exiting Jamaica, underwent incredible deepening of 72 millibars in 24 hours from 960 to 888 millibars or 26.22 inHg. Maximum sustained winds were 185 mph with gusts over 200 mph in the Caribbean Sea west of Jamaica.
An afternoon tornado skipped across northern sections of Indianapolis, IN damaging roofs and automobiles. It was the first tornado in central Indiana in September in nearly 40 years of records.
Snow whitened the mountains and foothills of northeastern Colorado, with 8 inches reported at Buckhorn Mountain, west of Fort Collins and 6 inches at Evergreen. 2 to 3 inches of slushy snow fell around Denver, causing great havoc during the evening rush hour. Stapleton Airport received 2.3 inches.
Thunderstorms produced severe weather in the Southern Plains between mid afternoon and early the next morning. 3 inch diameter hail was reported at Roswell NM, and wind gusts greater than 98 mph at Henryetta, OK. Thunderstorms also produced torrential rains, with more than 7 inches at Scotland, TX, and more than 6 inches at Yukon, OK.
The high temperature in Fort Collins, CO was 94°. A strong cold front dropped the temperature overnight and by 10 a.m. the next morning, it was 33° with 3 inches of snow on the ground.
Hurricane Linda became the strongest storm recorded in the eastern Pacific with winds estimated at 180 mph and gusts to 218 mph. For a time it threatened to come ashore in California as a tropical storm, but the storm turned away, impacting the region with added moisture for showers and thunderstorms. This occurred during the strong El Niño of 1997-98.
Extremely dangerous Hurricane Floyd, a Category 4 storm with top winds of 145 mph, was making residents along the U.S. East Coast very nervous as it steamed steadily westward. The storm was 360 miles east of the Bahamas, causing hurricane warnings to be raised in the islands.
Measurable rain of 0.22 inches fell for the first time in nearly three months in Winnemucca, NV, ending an 82-day dry spell.
On this date through the 13th, Korea's most powerful typhoon battered the nation's main port and industrial southeastern coast with 135 mph winds, leaving 121 people dead or missing and 8,938 homeless. Typhoon Maemi inflicted an estimated property damage of $1.3 billion dollars, with 5,000 houses destroyed or damaged.
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