Meteorological events that happened on September 11th:
A severe hailstorm occurred in St. Charles County, Missouri resulting in one fatality.
Locally heavy rain affected some parts of India; 32.43 inches of rain fell in 24 hours at Nagina and 30.42 inches fell at the same time in Janipur. Meanwhile, at Purnea 35.03 inches fell in 24 hours while 40.13 inches fell at Jowai.
The remnants of the Great Galveston Hurricane moved across southern Ontario, Canada. In the Niagara Peninsula and along the Lake Erie shore, apples, pears and peaches ready for harvest were ripped from the trees; half the crop, about $1 million dollars in value, was destroyed.
Four inches of rain fell across the deserts and mountains of southern California as a dying tropical cyclone moved across Baja California into the southern California desert region. This was the second tropical cyclone remnant to affect California during the month. A strong El Nino event may have contributed to the activity.
On this date through the 12th, Helena, MT received 7.5 inches of snow. This was the earliest in 80 years. On the following day, 22 inches of snow fell.
In Maine, a storm drenched New Brunswick with 8.05 inches of rain in 24 hours to set a state record.
New England was blasted by Hurricane Edna less than two weeks after Hurricane Carol moved through. Winds on Martha's Vineyard gusted to 120 mph and the pressure plunged to 954 millibars or 28.17 inHg. Boston, MA reported sustained winds of 74 mph with a peak gust of 87 mph. Over 8 inches of rain was recorded at Portland, ME. 21 people were killed and damage was set at $40 million dollars, rather low but there was little left to destroy after Carol.
Hurricane Carla struck the Texas coast between Galveston and Corpus Christi, near Port Lavaca. The storm surge reached 10 to 15 feet all along the beaches east of the storm's landfall to Galveston, 120 miles away. The maximum storm surge height recorded was 18.5 feet. Bay City, Texas recorded 17.1 inches of rain. Winds reached 175 mph at Port Lavaca. Carla was a huge storm, with her circulation affecting the entire Gulf of Mexico. A vicious tornado swept across Galveston Island killing eight people. A massive evacuation preceded the hurricane, holding the death toll to just 46. Damage totaled $408 million dollars. The remnants of Carla produced heavy rain in the Lower Missouri Valley and southern sections of the Upper Great Lakes Region.
Over a 24-hour period beginning the previous day, Typhoon Gloria caused 49.13 inches of rain to fall in Paishih, Taiwan, which is a 24-hour rainfall record for the northern hemisphere.
A waterspout formed in the Gulf of Venice near Santa Elena Island on the Adriatic Coast near Italy and sank a steam yacht, killing 36 of the 60 passengers. The storm then came ashore at Iésolo and destroyed a camp site leaving 11 people dead and several hundred injured.
The first snow of the season fell at Denver, CO totaling a trace. This ended the shortest period without snow at only 94 days (from 6/9 through 9/10). A trace of snow also fell on June 8th.
Scottsbluff, NE recorded their earliest measurable snow on record when just under an inch fell.
The remnants of Tropical storm Kathleen brought up to 5 inches of rain carrying millions of tons of debris into Bullhead City, AZ from torrential rainfall at elevations above 3,000 feet. Flooding caused more than $3 million dollars damage.
Heavy rains over Michigan set a new 24 hour rainfall record at Muskegon. During the 24 hour period from 11am on the 10th to the same time on this date, 6.00 inches of rain fell, breaking the previous record of 5.08 inches set in June of 1921. Copious amounts of rain fell over other parts of the state as well with 4.21 inches falling at Grand Rapids and 7.52 inches at Saginaw. Rivers would overflow their banks on the 12th and several earthen dams gave way. Thunderstorms caused flash flooding and subsequent river flooding in central Lower Michigan. Up to 14 inches of rain fell in a 72 hour period, and flooding caused $400 million dollars damage.
Snow blanketed parts of the Central Rocky Mountain Region and the Central Plateau, with 10 inches reported at Mount Evans in Colorado.
Smoke from forest fires in the northwestern U.S. reached Pennsylvania and New York State.
Hurricane Gilbert, moving westward over the Caribbean, was packing winds of 100 mph by the end of the day.
Several cities in the north central U.S. reported record low temperatures for the date, including Havre, MT which tied a record low of 23°. Other record lows included:
Sheridan, WY: 24°, Glasgow, MT: 26°, Casper, WY: 27°, Billings, MT: 28°, Great Falls, MT: 29°-Tied and Pocatello, ID: 31°. Livingston and West Yellowstone, MT tied for the cold spot in the nation with 17°.
Thunderstorms produced hail over the Sierra Nevada Range of California, with two inches reported near Donner Summit. The hail made roads very slick, resulting in a 20 car accidents.
The high temperature recorded in Phoenix, Arizona was 112°. This temperature set a new record for the highest temperature for so late in the season at this location. Borrego Springs, CA hit 117°, tying their hottest September temperature set just the previous day. Other record highs included: Borrego Springs, CA: 117°, Yuma, AZ: 116°, Tucson, AZ: 107°, Salt Lake City, UT: 97°, Elko, NV: 94°, Ely, NV: 91°, Flagstaff, AZ: 88° and Big Bear Lake, CA: 84°.
Shortly after 3pm HST, Hurricane Iniki, the strongest hurricane ever recorded to strike the Hawaiian Islands, crossed the island of Kauai with sustained winds of 140 mph, gusting to 175 mph and a central pressure of 945 millibars or 27.91 inches. Wind gusts reached 143 mph at Makahuena Point and 129 mph at the Lihue Weather Service office. A storm surge of 6 feet and 35 foot waves battered coastal areas of southern Kauai. 1,421 homes were destroyed and 14,350 homes suffered major damage on Kauai alone. A total of 63 homes were destroyed by wave action or storm surge on the south coast of Kauai. The number suffering major damage was 5,152 while 7,178 received minor damage. Electric power and telephone service were lost throughout the island and only 20% of power had been restored four weeks after the storm. Crop damage was extensive as sugar cane was stripped or severely set back, while tender tropical plants, such as banana and papaya, were destroyed and fruit and nut trees were broken or uprooted. Six people were killed, 100 more injured, and damage was estimated at $3 billion dollars.
Hurricane Luis off the coast of Newfoundland generated a 98 foot high wave which struck the QE2. This wave is the highest measured in the world. The remnants of Luis affected the southern Burin peninsula in Newfoundland washing out roads and bridges. Winds up to 109 mph damaged homes, yachts and airplanes.
An outbreak of 8 tornadoes occurred across southern Louisiana in conjunction with landfalling Tropical Storm Frances that was looping along the upper Texas coast. The only known fatality directly attributable to Frances was in Lafourche Parish, LA, where a man was killed when his trailer home was destroyed by a tornado. Six others were injured.
Tropical Storm Gustav strengthened to a hurricane over the open waters south of New England. This is the latest date for the first hurricane of the season to develop for the Atlantic on record beating the 1941 season when the first tropical storm didn’t develop until this date and became a hurricane on the 16th.
Gustav went on to become a Category 2 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 100 mph off the coast of New England and the Canadian Maritimes, before tracking into Newfoundland.
In respect for the significance of the one year anniversary of 9/11 and in light of the Orange Homeland Security Alert Level, the National Weather Service suspended its usual Wednesday testing of NOAA Weatheradio stations around the country.
Hurricane Ike continued its march towards the upper Texas coast with 100 mph winds and a minimum central pressure of 945 millibars or 27.91 inHg. Hurricane watches and warnings went up along the upper Texas coast into Louisiana.
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