Meteorological events that happened on October 7th:
A hurricane passed a short distance offshore from Virginia to New Jersey. At Lewes, DE, on the Delaware Bay, the raging ocean cut a passage through the beach near Cape Henlopen into the Bay with a 5 foot clearance so that small boats could sail through. In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin was watching this storm. Being reported first in North Carolina then Virginia, he drew confirmation for his hypothesis made with the hurricane of 10/22/1743 that coastal storms moved from the southwest and were preceded by northerly winds.
The worst fire in Canadian history raged through part of New Brunswick's Miramichi Valley, killing 200 people. The towns of Newcastle, Douglastown and the capital city of Fredericton were destroyed. The Great Miramichi Fire ranks as the largest in recorded history, burning over 3 million acres in Maine and New Brunswick, Canada. Nearly 1/5th of the province of New Brunswick burned.
A hurricane made landfall near Bradenton, FL with 80 mph winds and a 6 foot storm surge. The storm weakened to a tropical storm as it move across Tampa Bay and reached the Florida/Georgia border early the following day.
Heavy flooding occurred in New England as Hurricane Daisy moved up the coast. 12.10 inches of rain fell at Reading, MA during a 3-day period.
On this date through the 9th, a record breaking early season snow storm rocked parts of the upper Plains. Snowfall totals of 5 to 9 inches were common across the southwest and south central part of South Dakota. Late on October 8th and into the 9th, the southeast portion of the state was hit. Vermillion received 6 inches of snow on the 9th and that is the largest amount ever recorded there for so early in the season. The 5 inches that fell in Sioux Falls is the earliest significant snow on record for the area.
The heavy snows also affected portions of western Iowa and western Minnesota. Amounts of up to 7 inches were recorded in northwest Iowa. The heavy, wet snow snapped many tree branches and downed power lines. Sioux City recorded their heaviest snow for so early in the season. The snow was very wet and heavy, but melted quickly over the next several days. In Nebraska, the winter storm brought 11.0 inches of snow near Wheatland, and a total of 8.0 inches to Scottsbluff. It also resulted in Scottsbluff setting a high of only 32°, the earliest day in fall with a high temperature at or below freezing there.
Widespread flooding took place across Puerto Rico. Rainfall amounts for the day ranged up to 17 inches at Aibonito. A slow moving tropical depression was responsible for 6 days of torrential rains across the island. Totals in the Eastern Interior Division averaged 30 inches, with 38.4 inches reported at Jayuya. Flooding claimed 18 lives, and resulted in $62 million dollars damage.
Seattle, WA received 4 inches of rain in 24 hours, one of their rainiest days on record.
It was another hot day in the southwestern U.S. Tucson, AZ hit 101° for the 2nd day in a row to equal their record for the month of October. Phoenix, AZ reported a record high of 103°, and Blythe, CA and Yuma, AZ tied for honors as the hot spot in the nation with afternoon highs of 108°. The high of 101° in Tucson, AZ was their 71st day of 100°+ temperatures for the year, which set a new record.
Morning fog in the central U.S. reduced the visibility to near zero at some locations. Morning lows of 28° at Rockford, IL and 24° at Waterloo, IA were records for the date. Afternoon highs of 92° at Hollywood and Miami, FL set record highs for the date.
Morning thunderstorms in central Texas drenched San Antonio with 3.10 inches of rain in 6-hours causing local flooding in northeastern sections of the city.
A winter storm parts of the Rockies and western Plains, producing the greatest daily snowfall for October at Cheyenne, WY and Scottsbluff, NE with 7.9 and 6.4 inches, respectively.
An early fall snowstorm dumped from 7 to 10 inches of wet snow across the Belleville and Munden areas in north central Kansas. The combination of the heavy snow and high winds behind the storm caused tremendous amounts of tree and power line damage in this area. Approximately 20 power poles were snapped off and some residents were without power for up to 48 hours. Approximately 75 homes in the Belleville area sustained damage from falling trees and branches. Concordia, KS recorded its earliest snowfall on record as 2.1 inches fell.
Heavy snow blanketed parts of the northern Rockies. 14.4 inches of snow fell at Sheridan, WY on this date through the 8th, to set an October record for a 2-day period; Other totals: Story, MT: 16 inches, Red Lodge, MT: 12 inches, Joliet, MT: 12 inches, Mystic Lake, MT:12 inches, Nye, MT: 10 inches, Billings, MT: 8 inches and Clearmont, MT: 7 inches.
Tropical Storm Josephine tracked northeast across the eastern Gulf of Mexico, with the center moving onshore over Apalachee Bay along the Florida Big Bend coast during the evening hours, crossing the coast in a relatively uninhabited region of north Florida. Storm surge heights were significant from the Tampa area northward to eastern Apalachee Bay. County officials estimated storm tides, storm surge plus astronomical tide ranged from up to 9 feet in Levy County to 4 to 6 feet in Pinellas and Hillsborough Counties, and 3 feet as far south as Lee County. These tides produced widespread flooding of roads, dwellings, and businesses as far south as the lower Florida Keys. Josephine produced a record 22 tornadoes (21 F0, 1 F2, plus one waterspout) over central and northern Florida, making it the most prolific tornado producing tropical cyclone in Florida history. These caused mostly minor damage, primarily to trees. One tornado, however, had a 7 mile long, 400 yard wide track across Edgewater in Volusia County. It severely damaged 30 homes, while 200 others had minor damage. Rainfall amount of up to 8.5 inches were reported over northern Florida in association with Josephine. Property damage in Florida was estimated to be over $49 million dollars. There were no deaths reported.
A storm of 100 year intensity hit the Inland Empire of southern California. 1.65 inches of rain fell in one hour and 15 minutes, 0.31 inch fell in just three minutes in Hemet. Floods and debris flows resulted, causing $2.5 million dollars in damage. Large trees, mud, and boulders were swept down canyons. Homes and apartments were flooded in north San Bernardino and Highland.
The high temperature in Death Valley National Park was 95°, ending a record streak of 154 consecutive days with the high temperature 100° or hotter.
On this date through the 8th, more rain fell on Thessaloniki, Greece in a 24-hour period than average rainfall for the month. Severe flooding damaged many homes, destroyed crops, wrecked roads and bridges, and caused power outages.
With the mercury soaring to a record-breaking 87°, race organizers canceled the Chicago Marathon 3.5 hours into the race.
A frontal system crossing the North Island of New Zealand produced heavy rains and strong winds that wrecked havoc across the region. Winds of as high as 80 mph with gusts to 100 mph were observed at Wellington and surrounding hills, respectively. The winds litter the streets with downed power lines and tree debris and damage dozens of homes.
At Casey Station, Antarctica, winds gusted to 117 mph.
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