Meteorological events that happened on October 27th:
A "very remarkable storm of snow with high winds" produced 22 inches at Rutland in central Massachusetts.
A freak early season winter storm struck Mississippi with snow, sleet and freezing temperatures. On the heels of this storm, the area endured a hard freeze the following morning.
A tornado struck Edwardsville, near Cardiff, Wales in Great Britain killing six people.
A snowstorm dumped 27 inches at Ishpeming, MI in 24 hours to establish a state record.
A coastal storm ended the drought on the east coast. Rainfall totals from the 25th through the 28th included 3.41 inches at National Airport in Washington, D.C. and 5 inches at Baltimore, MD.
An early season winter storm over New England blanketed northern Maine with 7 to 16 inches of snow, and southeastern New England with up to 3 inches of snow. Worcester, MA received a record 4.7 inches of snow.
The heaviest October snowstorm on record strikes southwest Lower Michigan with widespread amounts greater than 6 inches. A total of 8.4 inches at Grand Rapids is almost double the amount of the next greatest October snowstorm.
A man and his wife were awakened from a sound sleep by rain beating down on them. A tornado had just removed the roof from their house near Crestview, FL. They ran, uninjured, from their house seconds before it was removed from its foundation.
Canadian high pressure and a trough brought record cold to parts of the Midwest. Locations reporting their coldest October temperatures included: Jump River, WI: -3°, Blair, WI: 8°, and Mauston, WI: 9°. Other daily record lows included: St. Cloud, MN: 5°, International Falls, MN: 7°, Huron, SD: 9°, Madison, WI: 15°, Minneapolis, MN: 16°, Green Bay, WI: 17°, La Crosse, WI: 17°, Milwaukee, WI: 21°, Moline, IL: 21°-Tied, Fort Wayne, IN: 23° and Indianapolis, IN: 24°.
A major snowstorm struck southern Quebec Canada leaving thousands without power, many of them in the Montreal area.
A ridge of high pressure extended from the Mississippi River to the West Coast bringing record heat from the upper Midwest, Plains to the Rockies. Record high temperatures included: Sioux Falls, SD: 85°, North Platte, NE: 85°, Valentine, NE: 85°, Sheridan, WY: 84°, Broadus, MT: 83°, Aberdeen, SD: 83°, Scottsbluff, NE: 83°-Tied, Billings, MT: 82°, Rapid City, SD: 82°, Huron, SD: 81°, Roundup, MT: 80°, Cheyenne, WY: 80°, San Francisco, (Airport), CA: 79°, Miles City, MT: 79°, Williston, ND: 78°, Glasgow, MT: 77°-Tied, St, Cloud, MN: 75°, Great Falls, MT: 75°, Fargo, ND: 75°-Tied, Casper, WY: 74°, Butte, MT: 70°, and Kalispell, MT: 69°.
Showers and thunderstorms produced locally heavy rain from Virginia to New York State. Fallen leaves made roads and sidewalks slick, and also clogged sewers. Rainfall totals of 1.55 inches at Newark, NJ, 1.54 inches at Harrisburg, PA, 1.27 inches at Scranton, PA, and 1.22 inches at Atlantic City, NJ, were records for the date.
Low pressure brought snow and gale force winds to the Great Lakes Region, and snow and high winds to the north central U.S. Winds gusted to 47 mph at Lansing, MI, and reached 55 mph at Pierre, SD.
Wintry weather invaded the northwestern U.S. A storm crossing the Central Rockies produced up to 23 inches of snow in the mountains east of Salt Lake City, UT.
"Indian Summer" continued in the Lower Ohio Valley, Upper Great Lakes into New York State. Record highs for the date included: New York (Kennedy Airport), NY: 75°, Islip, NY: 72° and Ste. St. Marie, MI: 72°.
Thousands of homes in southern and central Texas were without power after strong storms dumped as much as a foot of rain. Hundreds of flights were canceled or diverted at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, and the Frio, Guadalupe, and Llano rivers spilled their banks, making roads impassable and stranding some motorists. The Llano crested at 30 feet, 18 feet above flood stage.
Hurricane Mitch passed over Swan Island and turned southwestward toward the Bay Islands off of the Honduran coast. Mitch passed near the island of Guanaja as a Category 4 hurricane. As the hurricane interacted with the landmass of Honduras, the cyclone weakened with its central pressure rising from 906 millibars or 26.75 inHg 0300z on this date to 970 millibars or 28.64 inHg 0300z on 10/29. The center of the slow-moving hurricane meandered near the north coast of Honduras dumping 50 - 75 inches of rain across parts of Honduras and Nicaragua, causing catastrophic flooding and mudslides. Over 11,000 people died in the aftermath and the economy of the two countries was shattered. Another 1,000 people were never found. Mitch ranked as the second most deadly Atlantic Hurricane on record, behind the "Great Hurricane of 1780" which affected the Lesser Antilles.
A strong cold front moved through the Mid-Atlantic during the afternoon, causing an outbreak of severe weather. An F0 tornado touched down in Hainesport, NJ, killing one person. This was the first tornado fatality in Burlington County, NJ history both in modern tornado records kept since 1950, and in reliable unofficial records extending back into the 1700s. The tornado cut a path 1/2 mile long and 30 yards wide. Although the tornado was F0, it is considered a significant tornado, usually F2 or greater, because of the fatality.
Out west, a ridge of high pressure built in across the West Coast bringing record high temperatures for the date including: Redding, CA: 98°, Santa Maria, CA: 93°, Sacramento, CA: 89°, Fresno, CA: 89°, Madera, CA: 88°, Merced, CA: 88°, Stockton, CA: 88°, Hanford, CA: 87°, San Francisco, (Airport), CA: 86°, Medford, OR: 81°-Tied, Burns, OR: 79°, Salem, OR: 74°, Portland, OR: 71° and Yakima, WA: 71°.
Monthly record rainfall was received in only one day across parts of southern California. The same happened just a week previous on 10/20. Totals for last two weeks of October were 4 to 8 inches in lower elevations, and up to 14 inches at Lake Arrowhead. Local flooding resulted. 2.70 inches fell at San Diego, the fourth most on a calendar day and the second wettest October day on record. 1.65 inches fell in Victorville, the greatest daily amount on record for October. Seven were rescued from vehicles in a flooded intersection in Sun City.
Two feet of snow fell in Big Bear, most of which fell in a 12 hour period. A few local ski resorts opened on the earliest date in their history. Officially 22 inches fell in town near lake level, the greatest daily snowfall amount on record for October, beating the previous October daily record by 18 inches.
A strong storm system battered Ireland with strong winds and heavy rainfall. Winds gusted over 70 mph, and heavy rainfall produced flooding on the River Lee running through Cork, reaching its highest level since 1962.
A waterspout came onshore as an F1 tornado and caused significant damage on the west side of Apalachicola, FL. Marine boats sank, four homes destroyed, and part of a hospital roof collapsed. Hundreds of trees and power lines were down, but fortunately there were no serious injuries.
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