Meteorological events that happened on October 25th:
A violent hurricane struck Havana, Cuba killing over 1,000 people.
The Royal Charter Storm, named after the loss of the fully rigged ship Royal Charter off the coast of Anglesey, England drowned about 500 people and the loss of gold bullion. The ship was only one of over 200 vessels wrecked between 10/21 and 11/2, with the loss of around 800 lives. This led to the introduction of gale warnings in June 1860.
A hurricane made landfall near Tarpon Springs with winds of 100 mph and a 10.5 foot storm surge during the evening hours and crossed the peninsula, exiting near Ponce De Leon Inlet the next morning. The barometer fell to 976 millibars or 28.81 inHg at the Weather Bureau Station in Tampa. An observer reported 8.53 inches of rain, but that much more was blown out of the gauge by the strong winds. Eggmont and Sanibel Islands were practically covered with water. The storm killed as many as 8 people.
An F2 tornado moved though Woburn and Stoneham, MA, killing 1 person, injuring 6 others, and unroofing or damaging 75 buildings. This is the strongest tornado on record for so late in the year in New England.
Once again, Fort Lauderdale, FL was deluged with heavy rain for the second time in as many weeks. 13.81 inches of rain fell in 48 hours causing a second round of flooding.
Hurricane Olivia brought winds of over 100 mph to the Mexican coast. 30,000 people were left homeless in Mazatlan.
Dutch Harbor in Alaska reported a barometric pressure of 925 millibars or 27.31 inHg to establish an all-time record for the state.
A Tornado damaged 75 houses and destroyed three others causing $2 million dollars in damage in Blountstown, FL. The high school football stadium was destroyed and trees and power lines were downed. The tornado’s path was 6 miles and 30 to 100 yards in width. Fortunately, no deaths occurred and only 12 people were injured. The tornado did all damage in less than five minutes. Radar at Apalachicola, FL had no indication of a tornado or severe weather.
A major coastal storm brought high winds to the Mid Atlantic, where winds gusted to 82 mph at the Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel. Mt. Pisgah, NC picked up 11 inches of snow.
A storm system moving across the St. Lawrence Valley produced 40 to 50 mph winds east of Lake Ontario. High winds downed some trees around Watertown, NY, and produced waves 7 feet high between Henderson Harbor and Alexandria Bay. Mason City and Waterloo, IA tied for honors as cold spot in the nation with record lows of 19°.
Severe thunderstorms in Oklahoma and northern Texas produced golf ball size hail and wind gusts to 65 mph. Strong winds and hail accompanied severe thunderstorms across central and southeast Oklahoma. During the evening, hail up to the size of golf balls and 60 to 70 mph winds struck parts of Lone Grove. The winds removed the roof of the high school gymnasium in Lone Grove, allowing water into the building and ruining the hardwood floor, a scene to be repeated almost three years later in neighboring Ardmore, on 9/16/1990. The storms also damaged several other area businesses and caused total damages estimated at $700,000 dollars.
Severe thunderstorms erupted over northeastern Texas during the late evening producing softball size hail at Newcastle and Jonesboro.
Low pressure over James Bay in Canada continued to produced showers and gale force winds in the Great Lakes Region.
Low pressure over Nevada produced high winds in the southwestern U.S., and spread heavy snow into Utah. Winds gusted to 63 mph at the Mojave Airport in southern California. Snowfall totals in Utah ranged up to 12 inches at Snowbird, with 11 inches at Alta.
"Indian Summer" type weather continued in the central and eastern U.S. Many cities in the north central U.S. reported record high temperatures for the date. Highs of 77° at Alpena, MI and 81° at Saint Cloud, MN were the warmest on record for so late in the season.
Other daily record highs included: Fargo, ND: 83°, Minneapolis, MN: 82°, Huron, SD: 82°-Tied, Aberdeen, SD: 81°, La Crosse, WI: 81°, Dubuque, IA: 78°, Green Bay, WI: 78°, Rochester, MN: 78°, Madison, WI: 78°, Grand Forks, ND: 78°-Tied, Rockford, IL: 78°-Tied, International Falls, MN: 76°, Grand Rapids, MI: 76°, Marquette, MI: 75°-Tied, Duluth, MN: 72° and Muskegon, MI: 72°-Tied.
Mt. Mitchell, NC recorded 11 inches of snow in an early season storm.
Precipitation fell for 19 straight days at Caribou, ME.
Tropical Storm Zeke formed the eastern Pacific. This was the 24th and the last named storm for the year for this tropical basin. The 24 named storms set a new record for the eastern Pacific. The old record was 22 named storms in 1985.
A major snowstorm pounded Colorado, Kansas and Nebraska through the 26th. 51 inches of snow fell at Coal Creek, CO. 4 feet of snow fell over a wide area. The Denver Broncos nearly missed their flight to Buffalo, NY because of a huge storm that had dumped nearly 22 inches of snow. Known for its snow, Buffalo was actually sunny and mild as the Broncos struggled to get to the airport. 19.3 inches of snow fell at Goodland, KS to establish a new 24 hour snowfall record. A strong north wind whipped the snow into 15 to 20 foot drifts. Most roads were impassable for several days after the snow ended. There were heavy losses to cattle.
Behind the storm, some locations reported record low temperatures for the date including: Scottsbluff, NE: 6°, Denver, CO: 8° (record low maximum of 21° later tied on 10/30/1991), Sheridan, WY: 8°, Rapid City, SD: 9°, Dillon, MT: 11°, Livingston, MT: 12°, Casper, WY: 13°, Colorado Springs, CO: 15°, Pocatello, ID: 15°, Goodland, KS: 18° and Billings, MT: 18°.
A major autumn storm halted commercial navigation across the Great Lakes. Sustained southwesterly winds up to 65 mph pushed the already low water levels on the St. Clair and Detroit Rivers and the western end of Lake Erie down by 5 feet, thus draining local marinas. The winds force over 50 ships to drop anchor or remain tied up at docks. Upbound traffic on the Welland Canal was also halted by the high winds.
Santa Ana winds started on this day and ended on the 27th in southern California. Gusts of 56 mph were measured at Descanso, 46 mph in Anza, 45 mph in Ontario, 43 mph at Fremont Canyon, 41 mph in Beaumont, and 40 mph in Campo. Unprecedented wildfires, including the Cedar, Paradise and Otay Fires consumed hundreds of thousands of acres, killed over 20 people and caused over $1 billion dollars in damage. The Cedar Fire itself consumed more than 280,000 acres, making it the largest wildfire in California history, and killed 16 people. This is the also the second costliest fire in U.S. History only exceeded by the Oakland Fire of 1991.
The low temperature fell to 10° at Oberstdorf, Germany; the coldest October temperature in southern Germany since 1936.
A winter storm brought heavy snowfall to Colorado Rockies. Snowfall totals of 12 to 22 inches were common over the higher terrain and 6 to 12 inches at lower levels; including Denver. Sustained winds of 20 to 30 mph with gusts approaching 50 mph at Denver International Airport pushed the snow drifts 3 to 4 feet deep. Thousands were left without power as the weight of the heavy snow snapped tree limbs on to power lines. Snowfall totals included: Aspen Springs: 25 inches, Conifer: 25 inches, Rollinsville: 23.5 inches, Idaho Springs: 23 inches, Blackhawk: 22.5 inches, Bailey: 21.5 inches, Bergen Park: 19 inches, Genesee: 18 inches, Jamestown: 18 inches, Boulder: 17 inches and Evergreen: 16 inches. Denver International Airport started as rain and a thunderstorm before changing to snow. This was after a daytime high of 70°.
A storm packing winds of more than 60 mph struck central Alberta Canada. In Edmonton, the strongest October wind ever recorded reached 64 mph, cutting power to 4,000 residents. The winds blew loose sheet metal, parts of billboards, garbage cans and pieces of trees around the city.
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