Meteorological events that happened on October 19th:
The "Norfolk Hurricane" struck the Virginia coast creating Willoughby Spit (a peninsula of land in the independent city of Norfolk, Virginia in the United States. It is bordered by water on three sides: the Chesapeake Bay to the north, Hampton Roads to the west, and Willoughby Bay to the south.) on the Norfolk shore. It also demolished Fort George. Streets were flooded and $130,000 damage was done.
The famous Lower Lakes Storm of 1844 hit the Buffalo, NY - Toronto, Ontario area. Southwesterly hurricane force winds drove lake waters into downtown Buffalo and the barometer in Toronto dropped to 28.86 inches. 200 people we
2.2 inches of snowfall was recorded at Philadelphia, starting on the 19th and ending on the 20th, for the highest amount of snow received from a storm in Oct. The maximum 1.7 inch snow depth measured is an October record. Baltimore, MD received 0.4 inches on this day and 0.9 inches on the 20th. Washington, D.C. received just a tenth of an inch of snow on this date followed by 1.4 inches on the 20th.
Rain changed to a record early season, heavy wet snow over the southern mountains of West Virginia. Leaves were still on trees, resulting in the worst forest disaster since the fires of 1952-53. One to two feet of snow fell near Summersville and Richwood through the 20th.
Super Typhoon Kate struck Davao City, in the Philippines becoming the second super typhoon to strike the Philippines in four days. In southern Mindanao, over 5,000 houses and other structures were damaged or destroyed by winds and the storm surge, heavy rains and flooding. With damage estimates set at $ 50 million (US), At least 631 people lost their lives, with 284 missing.
A trace of snow fell at National & Dulles Airports in Washington, D.C. Up to 3 inches fell in parts of northern and western MD.
An early autumn snowstorm dropped 3 to 12 inches of wet snow over the southeast portions of South Dakota and up to 8 inches in southwest Minnesota and northwest Iowa. Numerous trees still laden with foliage were downed across the area. Power outages were also extensive from Vermillion to Mitchell. The snow was convective in nature as lightning flashed and thunder rumbled in some areas. Winds up to 40 mph in concert with the heavy snow proved too much for some structures. Radio and TV transmitters were knocked down in Sioux Falls and in Vermillion the weight of the snow collapsed the fiber glass roof panel on the covered stadium at the University of South Dakota.
Further west, 2 to 6 inches across the Nebraska panhandle. Up to 8 inches of snow was reported in Hemingford, NE.
Hurricane Tico struck Mazatlan, Mexico with maximum sustained winds of 125 mph. 25,000 people were left homeless. The surface circulation linked up with a frontal boundary and created flooding rains across Oklahoma and north Texas. The Red River rose to its highest recorded stage in 40-60 years due to the rainfall.
Thunderstorms deluged the town of Odem, TX, located 15 miles northwest of Corpus Christi with 25 inches of rain in just 3.5 hours. Most businesses in Odem were flooded, as were 1,000 homes in nearby Sinton.
Record breaking snows fell across parts of the Midwest and Ohio Valley. Totals ranged up to 10.5 inches at Kokomo, IN, 9.3 inches at Indianapolis, IN, 8 inches at Fort Wayne, IN and Goshen, IN. The 8.8 inch total at South Bend, IN was a record for the month. Up to 7 inches of snow fell in extreme southern Lower Michigan, and up to 6 inches fell in southwestern Ohio. The heavy wet snow downed many trees and power lines. Half the city of Cincinnati, OH was without electricity during the morning hours. Temperatures dipped below freezing across much of the Great Plains Region.
Further west, a record breaking early-season snowfall occurred across extreme eastern Illinois. One to 3 inches of snow fell from the northern Chicago suburbs southward through Champaign and as far south as Newton, in Jasper County. O'Hare Airport in Chicago reported 3.8 inches of snow, setting a record for the earliest snowfall of 1 inch or more. Another 1.8 inches fell the next day with a three day total of 6.3 inches. This event made it the snowiest October on record for Chicago. Further south, a snowfall of 0.3 inches in Springfield, IL marked its earliest measurable snow on record, while Peoria, IL recorded 0.4 inches.
Many cities, including 14 in Texas, reported record low temperatures for the date. North Platte, NE: 11°, Valentine, NE: 13°, Amarillo, TX: 25°-Tied, Midland-Odessa, TX: 27°, San Angelo, TX: 28°, Fort Smith, AR: 29°, Wichita Falls, TX: 30°, Abilene, TX: 32°-Tied, Shreveport, LA: 32°-Tied, Little Rock, AR: 33°, Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX: 35°-Tied, Houston, TX: 36°, Waco, TX: 37°, Dallas (DFW), TX: 38°, Del Rio, TX: 38°, San Antonio, TX: 38°, Brownsville, TX: 45°, Galveston, TX: 47° and Corpus Christi, TX: 47°-Tied.
In Florida, a few cities reported record high temperatures for the date. The record high of 92° at Miami, FL also marked a record 14 days of 90 degree weather in October, and 116 days for the year. Other record highs included: West Palm Beach, FL: 92°-Tied and Key West, FL: 89°-Tied.
A tornado damaged an apartment complex and shopping center near Baltimore, MD.
Record heat continued across the southwest. Palm Springs, CA hit 111°; not only setting a daily record high but it is also their latest date in the season to reach 110° or higher. Other daily record highs included: Borrego Springs, CA: 109°, Yuma, AZ: 103°, Redding, CA: 93°, Sacramento, CA: 91°, Stockton, CA:: 89°-Tied and Flagstaff, AZ: 77°.
The opening game of World Series between the Braves and Yankees in New York was postponed by heavy rains and high wind from a major storm system affecting the East Coast, marking the third time in history that the World Series opener had been postponed. Overall, nine of the twenty two games that have been cancelled in Series history were scheduled in New York or Brooklyn. The storm flooded highways and some homes and knocked out power to more than 200,000 in New Jersey, New York and Connecticut. In New York, the power outages were said to be the worst since Hurricane Gloria in 1985. Three people were killed by falling trees. More than 8 inches of rain fell in parts of New Jersey and a record 4.35 inches fell in Central Park. A Delta Airlines jet skidded off a runway at LaGuardia Airport injuring 5 people and forcing the closure of the airport for nearly 24 hours. In Boston, MA, parts of the Head of the Charles rowing competition had to be cancelled.
Hurricane Lili slams into the Bahamas with winds of 95 mph, hitting the village of Georgetown on the Island of Exuma. Lili intensified to a Category 3 Hurricane as she moved northeast away from the Bahamas weakening the next day.
On this date through the 20th, a severe Bering Sea storm generated waves atop high tide to flood downtown Nome, AK with a storm surge as high as 20 feet. Flooding of downtown streets caused the evacuation of dozens of Nome businesses and homes when the surge knocked loose 1,000-pound propane tanks.
Heavy snow blanketed the Sierra Nevada Mountains from this date through the 21st. Two climbers died in Yosemite National Park climbing El Capitan. Snowfall totals included: Blackcap Basin: 45 inches, Gin Flat: 40 inches and Agnew Pass: 39 inches.
Bishop, CA recorded 1.21 inches of rain which was the greatest one day total in October.
Hurricane Wilma pushed the 2005 season to the most active ever recorded, added another entry to the record books. The central pressure of this Category 5 storm fell to 882 millibars or 26.05 inHg, the lowest minimum pressure ever measured in the Atlantic basin Its maximum sustained wind peaked at 185 mph.
Check out my colleague Weather Examiners:
Baltimore, MD area weather with Tony Pann at http://www.examiner.com/x-11224-Baltimore-Weather-Examiner
Orlando, FL area weather with Dr. Steve Oliver at http://www.examiner.com/x-23601-Orlando-Weather-Examiner
Houston, TX area weather & the weekly Weather America Newsletter with Larry Cosgrove at http://www.examiner.com/x-3775-Houston-Weather-Examiner
NOAA Headlines Examiner with Dr. Steve Oliver and IPR at http://www.examiner.com/x-40324-NOAA-Headlines-Examiner