Meteorological events that happened on November 3rd:
A northwesterly gale spawned huge waves that caused severe damage along the northern coast around Cape Breton, Nova Scotia Canada. Winds exceed 80 mph during the storm.
A rare warm November day in Geneva, Switzerland as the temperature rose to 73°.
A tropical storm formed south of Cuba, crossed the Bahamas then became an extra-tropical cyclone southeast of North Carolina. The remnants accelerated northward, passing the Mid Atlantic states and moving into New England. Heavy rains accompanied the storm. As the system raced through New England, Portland, ME, measured a wind gust to 70 mph. As much as 15 inches of rain fell during a 2-day period over western New England resulting in devastating flooding in the Winooski Valley. 8 to 10 feet of water was standing in downtown Montpelier, VT. The "Great Vermont Flood" resulted in 200 deaths in New England, including 84 in Vermont. In addition, 8.77 inches of rain fell at Somerset, VT to establish a 24-hour record for the state.
A rare November thunderstorm produced snow at Casper, WY.
Up to 5.4 inches of rain was measured in Mountain View, OK. This rain fell within a three hour and fifteen minute period. Farm ponds in the area were filled to capacity for the first time in 35 months, and 23 country road bridges, as well as cotton crops, were ruined in nearby Kiowa County. This was all part of a 3 day flood event. By the end of the event, Mountain View had measured an astounding 7.2 inches.
Several locations across the Midwest reported record highs. Locations reporting their warmest November highs included: Hillsboro, WI: 75°, Necedah, WI: 75°, Trempealeau, WI: 75° and Genoa, WI: 74°.
Other locations reporting record highs for the date included: Springfield, IL: 79°, Peoria, IL: 77°, Madison, WI: 76°, Chicago, IL: 75°, La Crosse, WI: 74°, South Bend, IN: 74°, Milwaukee, WI: 74°-Tied, Fort Wayne, IN: 74°-Tied and Dubuque, IA: 73°-Tied.
An early season snowfall, which started on the 2nd, whitened the ground from Alabama to Michigan. Mobile, AL had their earliest snowflakes on record. Louisville, KY measured 13.1 inches, Nashville, TN checked in with 7.2 inches and Huntsville, AL had 4 inches of snow. 6 to 12 inches of snow fell across southwest lower Michigan while parts of Kentucky picked up 18 inches.
Seven inches of rain fell at Memphis, TN causing widespread flooding. A congregation was stranded inside their church.
Locations in the Midwest and Missouri Valley reported record highs. Dodge, WI hit 76°, their warmest November temperature. Other locations reporting daily record highs included: Kansas City, MO: 82°, Sioux City, IA: 81°, Memphis, TN: 81°-Tied, Springfield, MO: 80°, Columbia, MO: 79°, Des Moines, IA: 76°, Waterloo, IA: 76°, La Crosse, WI: 75°, South Bend, IN: 75°, Indianapolis, IN: 75°-Tied, Minneapolis, MN: 74°, St. Cloud, MN: 74°, Marquette, MI: 74°, Alpena, MI: 74°-Tied, Rochester, MN: 73°, Dubuque, IA: 73°-Tied and International Falls, MN: 66°.
The 24 degree temperature range with a low of 19° in northwest suburbs to 43° in downtown Washington D.C. was very unusual.
Surface high pressure along the Mid Atlantic combined with upper level high pressure off the Bahamas brought unseasonably warm weather to the East Coast. Record high temperatures for the date included: Sterling (Dulles Airport), VA: 82°, Georgetown, DE: 80°, Philadelphia, PA: 76°-Tied, Binghamton, NY: 75°, Williamsport, PA: 74°, Albany, NY: 74°, Burlington, VT: 74°, Syracuse, NY: 74°-Tied and Worcester, MA: 73°.
Many cities, mostly in the Ohio Valley and Deep South, reported record high temperatures for the date. The afternoon high of 80° at Columbus, OH was their warmest reading on record for so late in the season. Other daily record highs included: Houston, TX: 87°, Midland-Odessa, TX: 85°, Fort Smith, AR: 85°, Montgomery, AL: 85°, Shreveport, LA: 84°, St. Louis, MO: 82°, Memphis, TN: 82°, Evansville, IN: 81°, Columbia, MO: 79°-Tied, Peoria, IL: 78°, Lexington, KY: 78°-Tied, Indianapolis, IN: 77°, Dayton, OH: 77°, Toledo, OH: 77°, Jackson, KY: 77°-Tied, Fort Wayne, IN: 76°, South Bend, IN: 76°, Flint, MI: 75°, Chicago, IL: 75°-Tied, Detroit, MI: 75°-Tied and Grand Rapids, MI: 73°-Tied.
Showers and thundershowers associated with a tropical depression south of Florida produced 4.28 inches of rain at Clewiston in 24 hours.
A sharp cold front brought about an abrupt end to "Indian Summer" in the North Central U.S. Up to a foot of snow blanketed Yellowstone Park, WY, and winds in the mountains near the Washoe Valley of southeastern Wyoming gusted to 78 mph.
Unseasonably warm weather continued in the South Central U.S. Del Rio, Laredo and McAllen, TX tied for honors as the hot spot in the nation with a record warm afternoon high of 91°. Bishop, CA hit 84°, their warmest November temperature. Other record highs included: Corpus Christi, TX: 88°, San Angelo, TX: 88°, Abilene, TX: 87°, Midland-Odessa, TX: 86°, Austin (Bergstrom), TX: 85°-Tied, Roswell, NM: 85°-Tied, Winslow, AZ: 80° and Alamosa, CO: 66°-Tied.
Cold weather prevailed in the central U.S. Three cities in Texas & Minnesota reported record low temperatures for the date including: International Falls, MN: 2°, San Angelo, TX: 24° and Midland-Odessa, TX: 27°.
Brownsville, TX recorded its first snow since 11/28/1976. Only a trace fell but this stands out as significant, since snow occurred so far south so early and the fact that Portland, ME had not recorded its first snow of the season up to this date. The last measurable snow in Brownsville was way back in February 1895 when the local paper reported 5 inches on the ground. Brownsville did not receive measurable snow on any date in the 20th century.
Record cold prevailed across Colorado behind the "Halloween Mega Storm". Pueblo dropped to -17°, breaking the previous record for the day by an amazing 28 degrees. Alamosa recorded -26°, breaking the old daily record by 18 degrees. Other daily record lows included: Havre, MT: -15°-Tied, Lander, WY: -12°, Glasgow, MT: -11°, Helena, MT: -8°, North Platte, NE: -6°, Bismarck, ND: -4°, Scottsbluff, NE: -4°, Colorado Springs, CO: -2°, Sioux Falls, SD: -2°, Norfolk, NE: -2°, Missoula, MT: 0°, Clayton, NM: 0°, Fargo, ND: 0°, Grand Forks, ND: 0°, Rapid City, SD: 0°, Grand Island, NE: 0°, Valentine, NE: 0°, St. Cloud, MN: 0°, Aberdeen, SD: 1°, Huron, SD: 1°, Lincoln, NE: 1°, Goodland, KS: 1°, Dodge City, KS: 3°, Sioux City, IA: 3°, Concordia, KS: 4°, Rochester, MN: 4°, Omaha, NE: 6°, Amarillo, TX: 7° (broke previous record by 11 degrees), Lubbock, TX: 7° (broke previous record by 16 degrees), Des Moines, IA: 7°, Minneapolis, MN: 8°, Waterloo, IA: 9°, Kansas City, MO: 10° (broke previous record by 10 degrees), Oklahoma City, OK: 11° (broke previous record by 10 degrees), La Crosse, WI: 11°, Wichita, KS: 12°, Columbia, MO: 12°, Springfield, MO: 12°, Mansfield, OH: 14°-Tied, Grand Junction, CO: 15°, Tulsa, OK: 16°, St. Louis, MO: 16°-Tied, Akron, OH: 18°-Tied, Albuquerque, NM: 19°, Wichita Falls, TX: 19°, Youngstown, OH: 19°, Columbus, OH: 20°, Abilene, TX: 21°, Jackson, KY: 21°, Midland-Odessa, TX: 22°, San Angelo, TX: 24°-Tied, Dallas (DFW), TX: 25° and Dallas, TX: 27°.
A significant snowfall blanketed much of the South Dakota. The greatest snow amounts of over one foot occurred across the north central and northeast as well as in the northern Black Hills while 3 to 7 inches fell elsewhere. Some of the higher totals included 25.2 inches at Lead, located in the Black Hills, 15 inches at Eureka, and 14 inches near Summit. Numerous traffic accidents resulted from the storm and a building under construction near Madison collapsed as the snow and wind weakened the supports.
Corpus Christi & Houston, TX reported record highs of 88° and 87° respectively.
At least 300 people evacuated their homes in York, England as the River Ouse reached its' highest level in 400 years of records. The raging river came within two inches of breaching the town's flood defense dikes as it crested at 17.8 feet above normal.
A magnitude 7.9 earthquake struck the remote interior section of Alaska, causing the Trans Alaska Pipeline to shut down. No leaks were found along the pipeline, which was designed to withstand an 8.5 magnitude quake. The quake's epicenter was located 75 miles south of Fairbanks in a sparsely populated area. The quake was felt over the entire state. Highways were damaged, with major cracks reported in two roadways.
Dense fog resulted in an 86 vehicle pile-up just north of Fowler, CA on I-99 during the early morning hours. Two people were killed and 41 others were injured. After the fog burned off, record high temperatures were set at: Merced, CA: 78°, Madera, CA: 78° and Hanford, CA: 77°.
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