Meteorological events that happened on March 30th:
New York's City's Battery Park was strewn with 24 inch snow rollers, from a ferocious storm between the March 26th and March 28th. Snow rollers are natural snowballs that are formed when winds blow over a snow covered surface.
A great Northeast storm with hurricane force winds raged from Pennsylvania to Maine. The storm was most severe over New Jersey with high tides, uprooted trees, and heavy snow inland. Nantucket, MA reported a barometer reading of 28.93 inHg. 24 inches of snow fell at Providence, RI and 18 inches at Boston, MA.
On this date through March 31st, 20.4 inches of snow fell at St. Louis, MO. This is the greatest 24-hour snowfall total on record for this location.
A storm which buried Ruby, CO under 141 inches of snow came to an end. Ruby was an old abandoned mining town on the Elk Mountain Range in the Crested Butte area.
A tornado outbreak of 8 separate tornadoes around St. Louis, MO was responsible for 14 deaths and 121 injuries. The damage from these tornadoes ranged from F2 to F3. A large brick farmhouse east of Edwardsville, IL, was destroyed by a strong tornado. A farmhouse on the same site had been destroyed by another strong tornado on May 18, 1883, with a fatality.
Rio Grande, TX set the U.S. high temperature record for March with 108°.
The day before, Easter was not very pleasant across northern New Jersey as up to 20 inches of snow and temperatures plunged from spring-like readings near 60° on March 26th to 2° on this date. Single digit and below zero readings occurred across parts of northern Pennsylvania.
Cyril E. King Airport on St. Thomas in the Virgin Islands set their all-time lowest temperature with 66°.
Unseasonably warm weather continued across the northeast and mid-Atlantic. Hartford, CT hit 87° to establish a record for the month of March. Binghamton, NY hit 95° while Baltimore-Washington International Airport reached 87°.
An F1 tornado touched down in Armenia Township, Juneau County, WI where it destroyed a house and three nearby mobile homes. Two occupants of the house were injured. The tornado then moved northeast on a 22-mile intermittent path, just southeast of Nekoosa before lifting southwest of Stevens Point, WI.
High winds and wet snow struck most of South Dakota. Widespread winds gusted to 50 to 80 mph and up to 10 inches of snow accompanied the winds in the northwest. Power lines and at least 1,500 poles were snapped in the northwest after being coated with at least an inch of ice. Residents in north Garretson in Minnehaha County were evacuated when the high winds caused four connected locomotives to roll into and tip over a tank car, spilling phosphoric acid.
Further south, a high wind event plagued eastern Nebraska and all of Iowa. Norfolk, NE reported a wind gust to 71 mph, with 60 to 80 mph winds common across most of Iowa. The strong winds blew roofs and siding off buildings and knocked down traffic signals, lamp posts and stop signs. A Cessna Skyhawk airplane was flipped onto its back while the pilot was taxing after landing at the Des Moines airport. The pilot was not injured. Two light aircraft parked at the Fort Dodge airport were damaged when one plane was blown loose from its moorings and landed on the other. A semi tractor-trailer was flipped over on its side in Des Moines.
An early spring heat wave continued across the upper Midwest, with record March temperatures ranging from Caledonia, MN: 86°, Mather, WI: 84°, Richland Center, WI: 84°, Sparta, WI: 84°, Decorah, IA: 84°, Cresco, IA: 83°, Theilman, WI: 83°, Preston, MN: 82° and Owen, WI: 78°.
A storm spread heavy snow across the Ohio Valley and Lower Great Lakes Region. Cleveland, OH received 16 inches of snow in 24 hours, their 2nd highest total on record. Winds gusting to 50 mph created 8 to 12 foot waves on Lake Huron. The storm also ushered unseasonably cold air into the south central and southeastern U.S., with nearly 100 record low temperatures reported over the next 3 days.
On this date through March 31st, an early spring winter storm developed in the Central Rockies. Snowfall totals in Utah ranged up to 15 inches at the Brian Head Ski Resort, and winds in Arizona gusted to 59 mph at Show Low.
In Colorado, Denver and Boulder reported 6 to 12 inches of snow with 12 to 18 inches reported in the foothills west of Denver. Flight delays of 2 to 3 hours were common at Stapleton International Airport
Thunderstorms developing along and ahead of a slow moving cold front produced large hail and damaging winds at more than 50 locations across the southeast quarter of the nation, and spawned a tornado which injured 11 people at Northhampton, NC.
Several severe thunderstorms formed over southwest Kansas during the late afternoon hours and then moved into south central sections of the state. Hail up to golf ball size and strong winds to 60 mph were reported. Strong winds from a thunderstorm
blew a truck off highway 83, 14 miles north of Sublette.
Low pressure produced heavy snow in central Maine and northern New Hampshire, with up to 8 inches reported in parts of Maine.
A slow moving Pacific storm system produced 18 to 36 inches of snow in the southwestern mountains of Colorado over three days. Heavier snowfall totals included 31 inches at Wolf Creek Pass and 27 inches at the Monarch Ski Area.
Seventeen tornadoes occurred during the month in Oklahoma, setting an all time record. Oklahoma averages about four tornadoes during the month of March.
Early morning tornadoes across southeastern Tennessee injured 26 people. Two people were killed hours earlier in Kentucky by tornadoes.
Easter Sunday across the Northeast was highlighted by spring-like weather with temperatures well into the 60s in many areas with sunny skies. The beautiful conditions did not presage the change that was ahead. In fact many people must have thought that the forecasts of heavy snow for the following day were an April Fools' Day joke. By the morning of April 1st, residents around Boston, MA realized the forecast was no joke as snow fell at a rate of 3 inches per hour.
Record heat continued across much of the east courtesy of high pressure of the southeast coast. Record high temperatures set included: Dulles Airport, VA: 89° (tied for their highest March temperature), Baltimore, MD: 89°, Reading, PA: 88°, National Airport in D.C.: 87°, Charleston, WV: 87°, Allentown, PA: 87°, Atlantic City, NJ: 87°, Trenton, NJ: 87°, Harrisburg, PA: 87°, Salisbury, MD: 86°, Wilmington, DE: 86°, Philadelphia, PA: 86°, Huntington, WV: 85°, Parkersburg, WV: 84°, Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA: 84°, Elkins, WV: 83°, Pittsburgh, PA: 82°, Binghamton, NY: 82°, Beckley, WV: 81° and Wallops Island, VA: 81°.
On this date through the 31st, heavy snow fell across parts of the central Rockies. In Colorado, storm totals included: 16 inches atop Squaw Mountain, 15 inches near Rollinsville, 13 inches near Evergreen, a foot near Morrison, 11 inches at Coal Creek Canyon, 10 inches near Blackhawk and Eldorado Springs, 9 inches at Ken Caryl Ranch and Larkspur and 8 inches at Elizabeth. Just over 4 inches fell at Stapleton Airport in Denver.
Four people were killed when a tornado touched down at Chak Miran, Pakistan.
March went out like a lion in several eastern states as a snow storm reminded residents winter had one last blow. The heaviest snow fell in the eastern West Virginia Mountains, with 16.5 inches at Davis. Blacksburg, VA checked in with 11 inches with 12+ inches reported at Boone and West Jefferson, NC.
1 to 3 inches of snow occurred west of a line from Charlottesville, VA to Baltimore, MD.
1.54 inches of rain fell in Perth, Western Australia. This was the wettest March day here in 32 years and the fifth wettest March day on record. Their average March rainfall is 0.75 inches.
A strong spring storm intensified over the central Rockies and moved out into the Plains. In Colorado, near blizzard conditions occurred east and southeast of Denver during the overnight as winds sustained winds up to 35 mph with gusts to 50 mph produced blowing snow and dropped visibilities at times to near zero. Considerable drifting of 2 to 4 feet was also reported. Snowfall totals included: 8 inches near Castle Rock, 7 inches near Sedalia and 6 inches near Parker. Denver only reported 0.3 inches with gusty winds.
Further north, the same storm system moved out into the Plains and triggered numerous small thunderstorms, including a few brief tornadoes from east of Mason City, IA through Mitchell County, Iowa to near the Minnesota-Iowa state line. This area was near the center of low pressure and nearby cold/warm fronts that served as a 'triple point' to focus severe weather development. Even though the storms were relatively small and weak, the ingredients were there to spawn brief tornadoes. Known touchdowns (local time) included: 6 miles west of Osage, IA at 2:04 pm, NW side of Stacyville, IA at 2:13 pm, and on the state line south of Adams, MN (Mower/Mitchell County) at 2:18 pm. All damage was rated F0. Damage was mainly to garages, a pole barn, and other miscellaneous older outbuildings. Wind damage also occurred in southeast Minnesota, east and northeast of Rochester, MN from wind speeds of 60-70 mph.
A line of severe thunderstorms swept through Illinois and Indiana. Poseyville in extreme southwestern Indiana had a wind gust of 69 mph.
A major winter storm struck the northern Rockies before moving out over the Plains. Two to Three feet of snow fell across southern Big Horn and Sheridan counties in Wyoming with 3 feet reported at Sheridan, WY and up to 4 feet in the Big Horns. Widespread drifting and road closures resulted.
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